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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

BIELAWSKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Vilnius archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Vilnius diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place
of death

ITL KrasLagGuLAG slave labour camp network
today: Russia

alt. dates and places
of death

25.08.1955 (after)

details of death

During Polish–Russian war of 1919‐1920 chaplain of the Polish Army (from 01.06.1919 senior chaplain).

After German and Russian invasion of the Poland in 09.1939 and the beginning of World War II, remained in Vilnius, in 1939‐1940 occupied by Lithuanians, who thus supported the aggression against Poland, and in 1940‐1941 – by the Russians.

After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, went on east, beyond pre‐war Polish border, to minister to Catholics for more than 20 years persecuted in Russia (together with Fr Henry Hlebowicz, among others).

Returned however to Vilnius, prob. forced by the occupying German forces, where collaborated with Polish resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State).

Helped persecuted Jews (among others saved the life of Sergey Korablikov–Kovarsky, well–known Israeli doctor and poet).

After commencement of Russian occupation arrested on 11.07.1946.

On 04.04.1947 sentenced to death (for support extended to members of Home Army AK), commuted to 25 years of slave labour.

On 03.09.1947 transported to ITL SevVostLag concentration camp, in Magadan region.

Later transferred to a concentration camp n. Tayshet (prob. ITL OzerLag).

On 01.01.1951 held in Butyrki prison in Moscow and next in Minsk prison.

On 16.06.1951 however transported back to ITL AngarLag concentration camp.

On 27.08.1955 moved to an invalid camp in Krasnoyarsk vicinity.

Fate thereafter unknown.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

13.10.1885

Vaidotaitoday: Pagiriai eld., Vilnius dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1908

positions held

from c. 1936

prefect — Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
— school at 11 Wiwulski Str.

1929 – c. 1936

curatus/rector/expositus — Pabradėtoday: Pabradė eld., Švenčionys dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
⋄ Sacred Heart of Jesus RC garrison chapel ⋄ Naujoji Vilniatoday: district of Vilnius, Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Stanislav Kostka the Confessor RC military parish ⋄ Švenčionystoday: Švenčionys eld., Švenčionys dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.13]
RC deanery — barracks of the 23rd Grodno Uhlan Regiment (until 1934) / 3rd Horse Artillery Squadron (from 1934); also the prefect of elementary schools

c. 1928

vicar — Lidatoday: Lida dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ Exaltation of the Holy Cross RC parish (main parish)Lidatoday: Lida dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
RC deanery

c. 1927

chaplain — Vėliučionystoday: Šatrininkai eld., Vilnius dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
⋄ RC chapel (in educational–correctional facility)Naujoji Vilniatoday: district of Vilnius, Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Casimir the Prince and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
RC deanery

1919 – c. 1925

chaplain — Polish Armed Forces

chaplain — French Foreign Legion (Fr. Légion étrangère) in Africa and Indochina

1911 – c. 1914

administrator — Kvasovkatoday: Kvasovka ssov., Grodno dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.01.18]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Grodnotoday: Grodno dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.01.18]
RC deanery

1908 – 1911

administrator — Aukštadvaristoday: Aukštadvaris eld., Trakai dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
⋄ Transfiguration of the Lord RC parish ⋄ Trakaitoday: Trakai eld., Trakai dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
RC deanery

till 1908

student — Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

ROZUMNYClick to display biography John (Fr January), MILEIKAClick to display biography Alexander, TAMOŠAITISClick to display biography Isidore, BOHATKIEWICZClick to display biography Mieczyslav, GLAKOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislav, GODLEWSKIClick to display biography Vincent, HLEBOWICZClick to display biography Henry, KASZYRAClick to display biography George, LESZCZEWICZClick to display biography Anthony, LUBECKIClick to display biography Alexander, LUBIANIECClick to display biography Charles, MALECClick to display biography Dennis, MARCINIAKClick to display biography Isidore, RYBAŁTOWSKIClick to display biography Casimir, ŚWIATOPEŁK–MIRSKIClick to display biography Anthony, WIECZOREKClick to display biography Vladislav

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

ITL KrasLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‐Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Красноярский (Eng. Krasnoyarskiy) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered in Kansk, and later at the Reshoty station in Nizhnyaya Poyma in the Krasnoyarsk Krai. Founded on 05.02.1938. Prisoners slaved at the forest clearing and wood processing (ski semi‐finished products, production of skis, furniture, railway sleepers), construction of a hydrolysis plant in Kańsk, completion of the construction of railway lines to the ITL AngarLag concentration camp, in agricultural works, in the construction of apartments and roads, production of bricks, etc. At its peak — till the death on 05.03.1953 of Russian socialist leader, Joseph Stalin — c. 31,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 22,686 (01.01.1942); 23,900 (01.01.1948); 30,007 (01.01.1950); 23,345 (01.01.1951); 26,481 (01.01.1952); 26,611 (01.04.1952); 30,546 (01.01.1953). By 1950 over 100,000 prisoners had passed through it. In the years 1938‐1939 and 1941‐1945, the annual mortality rate was c. 7‐8% of those imprisoned (some were shot). Among the prisoners were many Lithuanians (from 1941) and Volga Germans (from 01.1942). In the second half of the 1940s many political prisoners from Ukraine and Belarus were brought to the camps. Ceased to operate in 1960, though already in 1949‐1950 some of the prisoners were relocated to other concentration camps, to ITL StepLag in Kazachstan among others. (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

ITL AngarLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‐Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Ангарский (Eng. Angarskiy) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered in Bratsk, and from 1949 in Zayarsk, in Irkutsk Oblast. Founded on 13.01.1947 and on 29.09.1948 part of the ITL TayshetLag was included in it. Prisoners slaved at the construction of the Bratsk‐Ust‐Kut railway line (c. 350 km, part of the Baikal‐Amur railway highway) and the bridge over the Angara River, on the completion of the Taishet‐Brack railway line, on the transport of goods by rail to Ust‐Kut on the Lena River, at river transport along the Angara River, construction of access roads to many factories and enterprises, construction of this industrial complex (including the recycling plant in Tayshet, brick kilns, lime production factories, Ust‐Kut river shipyard) and many workshops and warehouses (mechanical, repair, production of camp clothing and footwear, food supply), etc. At its peak — till the death on 05.03.1953 of Russian socialist leader, Joseph Stalin — c. 40,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 35,959 (01.01.1949); 43,591 (01.01.1950); 41,626 (01.01.1951); 26,858 (01.01.1952); 21,156 (01.01.1953); 20,443 (01.01.1954). Ceased to exist in 1960. (more on: www.gulag.memorial.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‐called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Chervyen in a „death march” (10,000‐20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Moscow (Butyrki): Harsh transit and interrogation prison in Moscow — for political prisoners — where Russians held and murdered thousands of Poles. Founded prob. in XVII century. In XIX century many Polish insurgents (Polish uprisings of 1831 and 1863) were held there. During Communist regime a place of internment for political prisoners prior to a transfer to Russian slave labour complex Gulag. During the Great Purge c. 20,000 inmates were held there at any time (c. 170 in every cell). Thousands were murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.05.01]
)

ITL OzerLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‐Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Озерный (Eng. Ozerniy) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered in the town of Taishet in the Irkutsk Oblast (in 1953‐1954 temporarily in Bratsk, in the same oblast). Founded on 07.12.1948 and until 1954 also functioning as the Rus. Особый лагерь (Eng. Special camp) GULAG No. 7. Prisoners among whom were many Poles slaved at the construction of the Baikal‐Amur railway — initially the Tayshet‐Bratsk section, and then from Bratsk to Ust'‐Kut (distance c. 700 km), at forest clearing and wood processing, and the related maintenance of industrial complexes, and the construction of a hydroelectric power plant , in quarries, in lime production, in agriculture and in the production of consumer goods, etc. At its peak — till the death on 05.03.1953 of Russian socialist leader, Joseph Stalin — c. 37,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 31,881 (01.01.1950); 33,325 (01.01.1951); 37,093 (01.01.1952), one quarter of them were women; 31,225 (01.01.1953); 36,152 (01.02.1953); 29,347 (01.01.1954). Ceased to exist in 1960. (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
, gulagmuseum.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

OsobLags: Pursuant to Decree No. 416‐159сс dated 21.02.1948 of the Russian government, the Russian criminal organization MVD (successor to the NKVD) issued a Decree No. 00219 of 28.02.1948 establishing a separate network of camps within the Gulag system for a „special group” of political prisoners sentenced under Art. 58 of the Penal Code (referring to „enemies of the people”, i.e. accused of treason, espionage, terrorism, etc.) Initially, the group of camps included the ITL MinLag, ITL GorLag, ITL DubravLag, ITL StepLag and ITL BerLag concentration camps. Later, the following ones were added: ITL RechLag, ITL OzerLag, ITL PeschanŁag, ITL LugLag, ITL Kamyshlag, ITL DalLag, ITL VodorazDelLag. After the death of the Russian socialist leader, Joseph Stalin, in 1953, the three largest revolts in the history of the Gulag took place there: the Norilsk Uprising, the Vorkuta Uprising and the Kengir Uprising. In c. 1954 the camps were converted into standard correctional camps. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.01.26]
)

ITL SevVostLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‐Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Северо‐Восточный (Eng. North‐East) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex), known also as „Kolyma” — initially headquartered in Ust‐Srednekan, and then in Magadan on the Bay of Nagayev in the Magadan Oblast. Founded on 01.04.1932. Prisoners slaved at searching, developing, mining and exploiting deposits of gold, tin, tungsten, cobalt, molybdenum, radioactive raw materials and coal in dozens of mines in the region, building and operating mineral processing and enrichment plants, building access roads and railway lines, building and maintaining a number of hydroelectric power plants, power plants and combined heat and power plants, power lines, construction of river ports, airports, cities, repair and mechanical workshops, factories of construction and supporting materials (cement, glass, rubber, production of refractory materials, bricks, sulfuric acid, steel), in fishing and agriculture, etc. At its peak — till the death on 05.03.1953 of Russian socialist leader, Joseph Stalin — c. 200,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 70,414 (01.01.1937); 90,741 (01.01.1938); 138,170 (01.01.1939); 190,309 (01.07.1940); 179,041 (01.01.1941); 166,445 (01.07.1941); 147,976 (01.01.1942); 99,843 (01.01.1943); 76,388 (01.01.1944); 87,335 (01.01.1945); 69,389 (01.01.1946); 79,613 (01.01.1947); 106,893 (01.01.1948); 108,685 (01.01.1949); 131,773 (01.01.1950); 157,001 (01.01.1951); 170,557 (01.01.1952). The prisoners were transported on ships to Magadan port on the Sea of Okhotsk, an entry point to the camp, prior to be sent to target sub‐camps. Up to 6 mln of the perished. Ceased to exist not earlier than 20.09.1949 and not later than 20.05.1952. (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
, www.gulagmuseum.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно‐трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea‐Baltic Canal (1931‐1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. He went down in history as the author of the principle „We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, of the so‐called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — prisoner — i.e. Rus. заключенный‐каналоармец (Eng. canal soldier) — was coined in the ITL BelBaltLag managed by him, and was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held in Gulag camps at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Help to the Jews: During World War II on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered.

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Polish‐Russian war of 1919‐1921: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik‐like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, crusader.org.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.06.16]
, kstati.netClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.01.06]
, dws.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.06.16]

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LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATORClick and try to call your own Email client

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: BIELAWSKI Joseph

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