St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Mary (pl. Maria)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Congregationo of Franciscan Sisters of Christian Love (Franciscans Sisters of Christian Love - CSFCC)more on
date and place of death
Otmęttoday: district of Krapkowice, Krapkowice gm., Krapkowice pow., Opole voiv., Poland
details of death
During Russian offensive of 1945, known as „Vistula–Oder Operation” — ending the World War II military conflict in Europe started with German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1945 — after capture of Otmęt by Russians on 24.01.1945 and German withdrawal three drunken Russian soldiers barged into the rectory, demanding „vodka and girls”.
When told by the parish priest, Fr Hubert Demczak, that there were no girls but nuns and wine in the cellar replied that they would return in a half an hour and everything would have to be available.
Left the rectory with a couple of bottles of wine.
When they returned were still more drunken.
In the doorway shot the parish priest in the stomach, left him lying there and entered the room where 5 nuns, who left their Congregation's house and attempted to find a refuge in the rectory, and rectory's housekeeper prayed at the bedside of the gravely ill religious co–sister.
They grabbed their veils and in search of „young girls” broke them off their heads.
One of them — SR Generosa — dragged out of the room.
She managed to escape and for 3(8) days hid a shed under stack of hay.
The remaining 5 nuns and the housekeeper were murdered with shots to their heads (according to some sources with automatic shots).
The parish priest, Fr Hubert Demczak, was also murdered.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Kispest-Budapesttoday: Budapest city cou., Hungary
others related in death
DEMCZAKClick to display biography Hubert, GRZESCHIKClick to display biography Rosalie (Sr Georgia), KROLLClick to display biography Agnes (Sr Albina), PORADAClick to display biography Elisabeth (Sr Wigberta), SCHNEIDERClick to display biography Mary (Sr Pia)
camps (+ prisoner no)
Mass rapes in 1945: During capture in 1944‑5 of pre–war German territories and territories incorporated into Germany in 1939 after German invasion of Poland Russian soldiers committed mass, often multiple, rapes on mainly German, but also Polish, women. Up to 2 mln women might have been violated, from 8 to 80 or more years old. Many were murdered as a consequence. Rapes were prob. tolerated if not encouraged by Russian military and civilian NKVD commanders. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.03.01)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19, kronikaopolszczyzny.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.05.19, www.facebook.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19
bibliograhical:, Ms Sylvia Schorn (Grubmüller), private correspondence, 05.10.2018
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