• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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surname

ZYGMANOWSKI

forename(s)

Marian

  • ZYGMANOWSKI Marian - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOZYGMANOWSKI Marian
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

date and place of death

16.10.1939

Szpęgawski foresttoday: Starogard Gdański gm., Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.09.23]

details of death

While studying at gymnasium in Toruń — during Prussian times (partitions of Poland) — member (1906‑9) of the gymnasium chapter of a clandestine Polish self–education Pomeranian Philomaths organisation.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II arrested by the Germans on 13.10.1939.

Jailed in Starogard Gdański prison.

Tortured.

On 16.10.1939 murdered: 30 battered priests were ordered to take off their shoes and climb down — in fours — into a ditch.

The first had to lie down with their hands folded on foreheads or on the ground, the following were forced to lie down on the bloodied bodies of co‑religious.

Then they were shot into the base of the neck.

Those that survived initial shooting were massacred with rifle butts.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

02.09.1889

Mokretoday: district of Toruń, Toruń city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

09.03.1913 (St Barbara Theological Seminary chapel in Pelplin)

positions held

1931 – 1939

parish priest {parish: Czarnylastoday: Skórcz gm., Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, St Andrew the Apostle; dean.: Starogard Gdański / Osiekdeanery names/seats
today: Pomerania voiv., Poland
}

1928 – 1931

curatus/rector/expositus {parish: Jeleńcztoday: Kęsowo gm., Tuchola pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.24]
, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr; church: Wielki Mędromierztoday: Gostycyn gm., Tuchola pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.24]
; dean.: Tucholatoday: Tuchola gm., Tuchola pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}

1927 – 1928

administrator {parish: Wałdowotoday: Sępólno Krajeńskie gm., Sępólno Krajeńskie pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, St Matthew the Apostle and the Evangelist; dean.: Kamień Pomorskitoday: Kamień Krajeński, Kamień Krajeński gm., Sępólno Krajeńskie pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}

1920 – 1927

administrator {parish: Dobrcztoday: Dobrcz gm., Bydgoszcz pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, St Lawrence the Martyr; dean.: Fordontoday: district of Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}

1920

vicar {parish: Cekcyn Polskitoday: Cekcyn, Cekcyn gm., Tuchola pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross}

vicar {parish: Lipinkitoday: Biskupice gm., Nowe Miasto Lubawskie pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.24]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles}

vicar {parish: Luzinotoday: Luzino gm., Wejherowo pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, St Lawrence the Martyr}

vicar {parish: Nowe Miasto Lubawskietoday: Nowe Miasto Lubawskie urban gm., Nowe Miasto Lubawskie pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, St Thomas the Apostle}

vicar {parish: Kielnotoday: Szemud gm., Wejherowo pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr}

1917 – 1925

membership {Toruńtoday: Toruń city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
, scientific society}

others related in death

BAUMGARTClick to display biography Felix, BAUMGARTClick to display biography Francis, BŁĘDZKIClick to display biography Francis, BOROWSKIClick to display biography Leo, CHYLIŃSKIClick to display biography Gratian, CHYLIŃSKIClick to display biography Henry, CZAPLIŃSKIClick to display biography Francis Vladislav, DAMAClick to display biography Felix, DĄBROWSKIClick to display biography Boleslaus, DOERINGClick to display biography John, DRAPIEWSKIClick to display biography Marian, GORDONClick to display biography Boleslaus, GÓRNYClick to display biography Alphonse Francis, HEYKEClick to display biography Leo, HOFFMANNClick to display biography Stanislaus, JASIŃSKIClick to display biography Victor, KARPIŃSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, KOZIORZEMSKIClick to display biography Bruno, KRZYŻANOWSKIClick to display biography Reginald, KUCHENBECKERClick to display biography Joseph, LEWANDOWSKIClick to display biography Ambrose, PIECHOWSKIClick to display biography Julian, RAPIORClick to display biography Louis, RUDNIKClick to display biography Marian Matthias, SCHLIEPClick to display biography Casimir, STAWICKIClick to display biography Ignatius, SZPITTERClick to display biography John Anthony, WAŁDOCHClick to display biography John, ZAKRYŚClick to display biography Peter

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Szpęgawski forest: In Szpęgawsk forest Germans, as part of their „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — between 09.1939 and 01.1940 in mass executions murdered 5,000‑7,000 Poles. Among them were c. 49 Catholic priests — all bar one from Starogard Gdański county, 30 from Culm diocese Curia and 5 from Pelplin. 1,692 psychiatric hospital patients in Kocborowo — in 15 mass executions starting from 22.09.1939 — part of „AktionT4”, i.e. Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben” (Eng. „elimination of live not worth living”) extermination program, were also murdered there. The victims were brought from Starogard Gdański jail in trucks or buses with windows blackened at sunset or during the night. Transports avoided main roads. At murder site prisoners were forced to kneel at banks of the ditches and murdered by a shot to the back of the head. Wounded were finished off with rifle butts or buried alive. After II World War 39 mass graves were found. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.23]
)

Starogard Gdański: Detention centre run by Germans. From Starogard in 1939 Germans transported Polish priests to execution sites, e.g. to Szpęgawski forest. (more on: www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pomeranian Philomaths: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — in Pomerania around Vistula river (Gdańsk Pomerania and Chełmno county), in Prussian–occupied Polish territories (one of the partitions of Poland). On 08.01.1901 Germans conducted a series of interrogations of students at Chełmno, Brodnica and Toruń gymnasiums. On 09‑12.09.1901 the first of court trials of Polish students from those gymnasiums and students of Theological Seminary in Pelplin was held in Toruń. 1 person was sentenced to 3 months in prison, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 weeks, 7 to 3 weeks, 2 to 2 weeks, 19 to a week, 2 to 1 day, 10 were reprimanded. 15 were cleared. More definitive penalties were relegations from the schools with so‑called wolf’s ticket, forbidding sentenced students to continue secondary and higher studies in Prussia (Germany). Among those penalized were a few future Catholic priests — those were able to continue their education for the Chełmno diocese bishop, Bp August Rosentreter, refused to relegate students from Theological Seminary. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

sources

personal:
muzeum-kociewie.gda.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, www.dobrcz.infoClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]

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