• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

ŻELAZEK

surname
versions/aliases

ZALAZEK, ŻELOZEK

forename(s)

Josephine (pl. Józefa)

religious forename(s)

Margaret (pl. Małgorzata)

  • ŻELAZEK Josephine (Sr Margaret) - Monument, St Casimir church, Warsaw-Old Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŻELAZEK Josephine (Sr Margaret)
    Monument, St Casimir church, Warsaw-Old Town
    source: own collection

function

nun

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the Benedictine Nuns of the Blessed Sacrament (Benedictine Nuns of Perpetual Adoration - OSBap)more on
www.sites.google.com
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

31.08.1944

Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]

details of death

Perished during Warsaw Uprising — during German occupation after German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II — under the rubble of a bombed out by the Germans St Casimir church in Warsaw, during Uprising turned into a field hospital run by Medical Service of Warsaw District of Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) codename „Bakcyl” — in the AK „North” Group.

cause of death

shelling (bombardment)

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

25.04.1899

alt. dates and places of birth

02.04.1899

positions held

nun {Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
, monastery by the St Casimir church in the New Town at 2 Rynek Nowego Miasta, Benedictine Nuns of Perpetual Adoration Congregation}

others related in death

BAREJKAClick to display biography Catherine (Sr Gertrude), BORKEMClick to display biography Louise (Sr Antonina), KARCZClick to display biography Hedwig (Sr Joachima), KARCZEWSKAClick to display biography Sophia (Sr Rose), KILIAŃSKAClick to display biography Catherine (Sr Benita), KOPERSKAClick to display biography Apolonia (Sr Tomea), KOWALSKAClick to display biography Victoria (Sr Anne), KRAKÓWClick to display biography Irene (Sr Hillary), KUŹMIŃSKAClick to display biography Margaret (Sr Catherine), MARCZUKClick to display biography Helen (Sr Bernadette), MATUSZCZAKClick to display biography Mary (Sr Anselma), MIĘTKOWSKAClick to display biography Mary (Sr Cecilia), NARUKClick to display biography Mary (Sr Elisabeth), OLĘDZKAClick to display biography Janet (Sr Josephine), PIOTROWSKAClick to display biography Antonina (Sr Casimira), POGONOWSKAClick to display biography Irene (Sr Vladislava), POLAKOWSKAClick to display biography Mary (Sr Flavia), PRZEMYSKAClick to display biography Angela (Sr Stanislava), PRZYKOPEKClick to display biography (Sr Janet), PUCHAŁAClick to display biography Genevieve (Sr Hedwig), REJEWSKAClick to display biography Stephanie Wanda (Sr Ignacia), RUDNICKAClick to display biography Caroline (Sr Clementa), SCHMITZ de GROLLENBOURGClick to display biography Mary Josephine (Sr Magdalene), SIWEKClick to display biography Francesca (Sr Barbara), SŁOWACKAClick to display biography Sophia (Sr Andrew), SUMIŃSKAClick to display biography Bogumila (Sr Columba), SZKIŁONDŹClick to display biography Casimira (Sr Modesta), TOKARSKAClick to display biography Janet (Sr Agnes), TOMASZEWSKAClick to display biography Aurelia (Sr Therese), TRYCClick to display biography Josephine (Sr Aloise), TURAKClick to display biography Rosalie (Sr Ceslava), ZALEWSKAClick to display biography Laurence (Sr Augustine), ZAŁUSKAClick to display biography Sophia (Sr Innocenta), ZDROJEWSKAClick to display biography Marianne (Sr Claire)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Warsaw (St Casimir church): On 31.08.1944 during Warsaw Uprising Germans run a bombing raid on St Casimir church at 2 Rynek Nowego Miasta (Old Town region), one of the most precious Baroque buildings in Poland, still under insurgents control. The bombs pierced through the basement ceiling that caved in. In the church Benedictine Nuns of Perpetual Adoration run a field hospital run to Medical Service of Warsaw District of Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) codename „Bakcyl” — in the AK „North” Group. Under rubble c. 1,000 civilians (mainly wounded patients), 4 Catholic priests and 34 nuns perished (one other nun died a few days later from exhaustion), as well as a few dozen Jews who survived Warsaw ghetto and went into hiding. The monastery and church complex were laid in ruins (destruction was estimated at 80‑90%). (more on: www.benedyktynki-sakramentki.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Warsaw Uprising: Lasted from 01.08.1944 till 03.10.1944. Was an attempt to liberate Polish capital from occupying Germans by the Polish Clandestine State — a unique in the history of the world political structure on the territories occupied by the Germans, effectively governing clandestinely in Poland — and by fighting on its behalf underground military units, mainly of Home Army (former Armed Struggle Association ZWZ) and National Armed Forced (NSZ). At the same time Russians stopped on purpose the offensive on all front, halted on the other bank of Vistula river and watched calmly the annihilation of the city, refusing even the mid–landing rights to the Allied planes carrying weapons and supplies to the insurgents from Italy. During the Uprising Germans murdered approx. 200,000 Poles, mainly civilians. Approx. 200 priests and nuns died in fighting or were murdered by the Germans, many in mass executions. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
grafik.rp.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.1944.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, www.straty.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]

bibliograhical:, „A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965

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