• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • WIŚNIOWSKI Michael (Bro. Mirocles Mary); source: Lukas Janecki, „Biographical-bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939—45”, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWIŚNIOWSKI Michael (Bro. Mirocles Mary)
    source: Lukas Janecki, „Biographical-bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939—45”, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
    own collection

surname

WIŚNIOWSKI

forename(s)

Michael (pl. Michał)

religious forename(s)

Mirocles Mary (pl. Mirokles Maria)

  • WIŚNIOWSKI Michael (Bro. Mirocles Mary) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWIŚNIOWSKI Michael (Bro. Mirocles Mary)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • WIŚNIOWSKI Michael (Bro. Mirocles Mary) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWIŚNIOWSKI Michael (Bro. Mirocles Mary)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • WIŚNIOWSKI Michael (Bro. Mirocles Mary) - Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str., source: www.sowiniec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWIŚNIOWSKI Michael (Bro. Mirocles Mary)
    Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str.
    source: www.sowiniec.com.pl
    own collection

function

laybrother

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Immaculate Mary province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]
st Anthony of Padua and bl. James Strzemię province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]

date and place of death

28.06.1941

Rava-Ruska
Zhovkva rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II released on 06.09.1939 from Niepokalanów monastery. Moved east to his family. Prob. visited often a Franciscan convent in Rava–Ruska, c. 6 km from Potylich. There during Germans attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, four Franciscan friars were murdered on 25.06.1941 by the Russians. Three days later Germans entered the town. On the same day he perished in unclear circumstances — according to some sources shot by escaping Russians, then cut by sabers and finally tied to a horse and dragged through the town streets.

alt. details of death

According to other sources murdered by the advancing Germans.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans / Russians

date and place of birth

10.07.1910

Potelych
Zhovkva rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine

religious vows

02.08.1939 (last)

positions held

friar of Niepokalanów monastery (1937‑9) — administration department (1939), monthlies’ dispatch department (1938‑9), „Little Daily” dispatch department (1938), guard (1938), food department in the dairy (1937‑8), novitiate in Niepokalanów monastery from 01.08.1938, in Order from 08.04.1937

others related in death

GAWĘDZKI Andrew (Bro. Michael Mary), NOSIDLAK Florian (Bro. Didacus), SCHNERCH Edward Casimir (Bro. Peregrine), SMOLEŃ Thaddeus (Bro. Ferdinand)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

06.1941 massacres (NKVD): After German attack of Russian‑occupied Polish territory and following that of Russia itself, before a panic escape, Russians murdered — in accordance with the genocidal order issued on 24.06.1941 by the Russian interior minister Lawrence Beria to murder all prisoners (formally „sentenced for counter–revolutionary activities', anti–Russian acts', sabotage and diversion, and political prisoners 'in custody'), held in NKVD‑run prisons in Russian occupied Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia — c. 40,000‑50,000 prisoners. In addition Russians murdered many thousands of victims arrested after German attack regarding them as „enemies of people” — those victims were not even entered into prisons’ registers. Most of them were murdered in massacres in the prisons themselves, the others during so‑called „death marches” when the prisoners were driven out east. After Russians departure and start of German occupation a number of spontaneous pogroms of Jews took place. Many Jews collaborated with Russians and were regarded as co‑responsible for prison massacres. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2021.05.06])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.bj.uj.edu.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.ksiegazmarlych.franciszkanie.pl [access: 2013.01.13], www.teresin.pl [access: 2015.04.18]
bibliograhical:
„Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
„A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
original images:
www.sowiniec.com.pl [access: 2014.07.11]

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