St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Andrew (pl. Andrzej)
Michael Mary (pl. Michał Maria)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)more on
diocese / province
date and place of death
Rava-Ruskatoday: Zhovkva rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
details of death
After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II released on 06.09.1939 from Niepokalanów monastery.
Went east and after start of Russian occupation joined in 09.1939 Reformed Franciscan monastery in Rava–Ruska.
During German attack in 06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, after setting fire to the church by Russian soldiers attempted despite warnings to save the burning roof.
Apprehended by Russians with two other Franciscans, marched out of the town with hands bound by wire and murdered.
In the church itself another friar, Bro Florian Nosidlak, was murdered.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Kurzelówtoday: Włoszczowa gm., Włoszczowa pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
others related in death
NOSIDLAKClick to display biography Florian (Bro. Didacus), SCHNERCHClick to display biography Edward Casimir (Bro. Peregrine), SMOLEŃClick to display biography Thaddeus (Bro. Ferdinand), WIŚNIOWSKIClick to display biography Michael (Bro. Mirocles Mary)
camps (+ prisoner no)
06.1941 massacres (NKVD): After German attack of Russian‑occupied Polish territory and following that of Russia itself, before a panic escape, Russians murdered — in accordance with the genocidal order issued on 24.06.1941 by the Russian interior minister Lawrence Beria to murder all prisoners (formally „sentenced for counter–revolutionary activities', anti–Russian acts', sabotage and diversion, and political prisoners 'in custody'), held in NKVD‑run prisons in Russian occupied Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia — c. 40,000‑50,000 prisoners. In addition Russians murdered many thousands of victims arrested after German attack regarding them as „enemies of people” — those victims were not even entered into prisons’ registers. Most of them were murdered in massacres in the prisons themselves, the others during so‑called „death marches” when the prisoners were driven out east. After Russians departure and start of German occupation a number of spontaneous pogroms of Jews took place. Many Jews collaborated with Russians and were regarded as co‑responsible for prison massacres. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
www.kresy.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.01.06, www.teresin.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.04.18
bibliograhical:, „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007, „Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
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