• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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  • ŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo, source: stara.ak.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo
    source: stara.ak.org.pl
    own collection
  • ŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo, source: www.bialystok.opoka.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo
    source: www.bialystok.opoka.org.pl
    own collection

surname

ŚWIRKOWSKI

forename(s)

Romualdo (pl. Romuald)

  • ŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo - Commemorative plaque, Holy Spirit church, Vilnius, source: l24.lt, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo
    Commemorative plaque, Holy Spirit church, Vilnius
    source: l24.lt
    own collection
  • ŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • ŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Vilnius archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Vilnius diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

05.05.1942

Aukštieji Paneriaitoday: district of Vilnius, Aukštieji Paneriai eld., Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]

details of death

In 11.1918, after German defeat in the I World War, member Szczuczyn–Planty County Council (its vice–chairman was Fr John Moroz), whose first tasks included fights against Belarus and Lithuanian agitation — supported by Germans — and organization of local Polish military force.

That unit took subsequently part in Polish borders battles of 1918‑9 and during Polish–Russian war of 1919‑20.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, during Lithuanian and Russian occupation of Vilnius, representative of the diocesan Curia in Vilnius command of the Polish resistance Polish Victory Service SZP, later Armed Struggle Union ZWZ (later Home Army AK) and Regional Government Committee (part of Polish Clandestine State) under „Shield” nom‑de‑guerre.

Some of the meetings of SZP and ZWZ were held in his apartment.

After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and capture of Vilnius by Germans took part in efforts to help persecuted Jews — provided fictitious baptism certificates and identity documents, secured shelter.

Arrested by the Germans on 15.01.1942.

Tortured by Lithuanian collaborating with Germans, from a murderous Saugauma and from „ Paneriai riflemen” organistations — a witness recollected: „Few days after arrest was taken for an interrogation.

Came back beaten up”.

Held in single prison cell. Murdered by Lithuanians in Paneriai extermination camp in a group of Jews and young Poles from Łukiszki prison.

At the execution site was to kneel and „started praying, turned towards the youths brought with him and made a sign of cross”.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans / Lithuanians

date and place of birth

20.10.1886

Petruškostoday: Švenčionys eld., Švenčionys dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
lt.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]

alt. dates and places of birth

20.09.1886

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

23.05.1909

positions held

1941 – 1942

parish priest {parish: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Holy Spirit; dean.: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

1936 – 1941

chaplain {church: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Sacred Heart of Jesus and St Francis de Sales; to Visitants Nuns; dean.: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

1936 – 1939

secretary {Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Catholic Action Diocesan Institute DIAK}

1932 – 1936

dean {dean.: Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1932 – 1936

parish priest {parish: Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
, main parish St Andrew the Apostle; dean.: Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1932 – 1936

administrator {parish: Synkavichytoday: Zeľva dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Transfiguration of the Lord; dean.: Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1930 – 1932

dean {dean.: Myorytoday: Myory dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus}

1927 – 1932

parish priest {parish: Myorytoday: Myory dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Myorytoday: Myory dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus}

1912 – 1927

parish priest {parish: Shchuchynalso: Lithuanian Shchuchyn
today: Shchuchyn dist., Grodno reg., Belarus

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.17]
, Holiest Heart of Jesus and St Therese the Virgin; dean.: Lidatoday: Lida dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

from 1922

prefect {Shchuchynalso: Lithuanian Shchuchyn
today: Shchuchyn dist., Grodno reg., Belarus

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.17]
, State Teachers' Seminary}

1922

envoy {Central Lithuania Seym}, also: secretary of the presidium

1912

vicar {parish: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, All the Saints; dean.: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

1912

parish priest {parish: Rukainiaitoday: Rukainiai eld., Vilnius dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Vilnius districtdeanery name
today: Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
}

1911 – 1912

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918)}

1909 – 1911

vicar {parish: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist; dean.: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}, also: prefect of city school and chaplain of the „Sawicz” City Hospital

1905 – 1909

student {Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

MOROZClick to display biography John, KISIELClick to display biography Vladislav, OGANOWSKIClick to display biography Francis, WĘCKIEWICZClick to display biography Peter

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Paneriai: In 1941‑4 in Paneriai (pl. Ponary) n. Vilnius Germans murdered c. 100,000 victims, among them 60‑70% Polish Jews and 20% Poles, mainly from intelligentsia, including professors of Stephen Batory University in Vilnius and Polish priests. Executions were carried out mainly by Lithuanian Ypatingasis būrys units, known as Ponary riflemen. The victims were brought on trains or marched on foot from Vilnius. Then they were executed — in stages. Some were forced to wait a dozen or so hours or even days. In the meantime Ponary riflemen beat them up with rubber battons and set dogs on them. Every dozen or so minutes another party of victims were marched into the compound, forced to undress and step into a pre–dug ditch. From there, in group of 10‑12, were dragged out to the a mass grave and shot. The exact number of victims remains unknown — at the end of the war Germans dug out the graves and burnt out most of the bodies. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Vilnius (Lukishki): Vilnius prison used both by Russians and Germans. Thousands of Poles were kept there. From 2,000 to 16,000 prisoners were jailed at any time there. In 06.1941, after German invasion, Russians murdered most of the prisoners. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.07.04]
)

Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.31]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—21: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
www.glaukopis.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]

bibliograhical:, „Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939‑1945”, Fr Thaddeus Krahel, Białystok, 2017,
original images:
stara.ak.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.05.09]
, www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, l24.ltClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.01.06]
, www.katedrapolowa.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.16]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

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MARTYROLOGY: ŚWIRKOWSKI Romualdo

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