• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • ŚWINARSKI Joseph; source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚWINARSKI Joseph
    source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002
    own collection

surname

ŚWINARSKI

surname
versions/aliases

ŚWINIARSKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • ŚWINARSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚWINARSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock
    source: own collection
  • ŚWINARSKI Joseph - Monument, site of executiono of 42 Poles, 01.09.1940, Sierpc-Glinki, source: www.sierpc.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚWINARSKI Joseph
    Monument, site of executiono of 42 Poles, 01.09.1940, Sierpc-Glinki
    source: www.sierpc.com.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Płock diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

01.09.1940

Sierpctoday: Sierpc urban gm., Sierpc pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

alt. dates and places of death

30.08.1942

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested on 27.04.1940 In Baranowo for clandestine resistance activities — prob. for for collaboration with clandestine resistance Polish Defenders Command organization (part of which later was incorporated into the clandestine Home Army, part of Polish Clandestine State) — together with seminarian Joseph Michalak, among others.

On 28.04.1940 transported to a prison in Ostrołęka, c. 25 km from Baranowo — at that time in Germ. Regierungsbezirk Zichenau (Eng. Ciechanów regency), part of the Germ. Provinz Ostpreußen (Eng. East Prussia).

Tortured.

There prob. „formally” sentenced to death.

After three months transported to KL Soldau concentration camp.

Finally moved to Sierpc prison and there, on the site known as „Glinki” (Eng. „Clays”), shot dead (possibly shot during a last desperate attempt at escape) in a mass execution of 42 Poles, including Fr Francis Burawski and seminarian Joseph Michalak.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

14.09.1910

Przywózkitoday: Sokołów Podlaski gm., Sokołów Podlaski pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

15.06.1935 (Płock cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

positions held

1939 – 1940

vicar {parish: Baranowotoday: Baranowo gm., Ostrołęka pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Bartholomew the Apostle; church: Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Przasnysztoday: Przasnysz urban gm., Przasnysz pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1939

vicar {parish: Nasielsktoday: Nasielsk gm., Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Nasielsktoday: Nasielsk gm., Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1938

vicar {parish: Lipowiec Kościelnytoday: Lipowiec Kościelny gm., Mława pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.06]
, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Mławatoday: Mława urban gm., Mława pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

student {Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
, John Casimir University — clandestine, underground /1941‑1944/, Ivan Franko University /1940‑1941/, John Casimir University /1919‑1939/, Franciscan University /1817‑1918/}

1935 – 1938

vicar {parish: Płońsktoday: Płońsk urban gm., Płońsk pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Płońsktoday: Płońsk urban gm., Płońsk pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1929 – 1935

student {Płocktoday: Płock city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BURAWSKIClick to display biography Francis, MICHALAKClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Sierpc (Glinki): On 01.09.1940 Germans brought to Sierpc c. 43 prisoners from Soldau concentration camp, mainly Polish teachers and members of Polish intelligentsia. Among them were at least two priests and one seminarian. Four trucks stopped at „Glinki” region of Sierpc where Germans herded in local residents. The prisoners where lined up — 10 in a line — in front of a ditch and shot. Prisoners from the last truck attempted to escape. Most of them were soon captured and executed. Some of the victims thrown into the death pits were still alive. The victims were covered with burnt lime (powdered calcium oxide) and next with earth. One of them managed to escape and survived. (more on: www.fronda.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.05.09]
)

KL Soldau: KL Soldau concentration camp (in modern Działdowo city) — since the pre–war Polish Działdowo county was incorporated into Germ. Regierungsbezirk Allenstein (Eng. Olsztyn regency) the camp was located in occupied territories where general German law was in force, i.e. in Germany proper — was founded in 09.1939, when in former barracks of 32nd Infantry Regiment of Polish Army Germans set up a temporary camp for POW captured during September 1939 campaign. In autumn 1939 was also used as police jail. In 1939‑40 changed into niem. „ Durchgangslager für polnische Zivilgefangene” (Eng. Transit Camp for Polish Civilians), prior to transport to other concentration camps. In reality it was used then as a place of extermination of Polish intelligentsia within Germ. Intelligenzaktion genocidal program and extermination of sick and disabled within Aktion T4 program. Next in 05.1940 the camp was changed again into niem. Arbeitserziehungslager (Eng. Work Education Camp), and finally into penal comp for criminal and political prisoners, most of whom were sentenced to death. In 1939‑41 Germans imprisoned, maltreated and tortured in KL Soldau hundreds of Polish priests and religious. Approx. 80 priests, religious and nuns perished. They were murdered in the camp itself, by a shot into a head, or in places of mass executions in nearby forests — Białuty forest, Malinowo forets, Komorniki. Dates and precise locations of these murders remain unknown. Altogether in KL Soldau approx. 15,000 prisoners were murdered, including thousands victims — patients of psychiatric institutions (within Aktion T4 plan). (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
)

Ostrołęka: Detention centre run by Germans. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
mazowsze.hist.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]

bibliograhical:, „Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939‑1945”, Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, Włocławek–Płock 2002,
original images:
www.sierpc.com.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.05.09]

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