• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • SZUMAN Anthony Henry, source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZUMAN Anthony Henry
    source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl
    own collection
  • SZUMAN Anthony Henry, source: wojciechstarogard.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZUMAN Anthony Henry
    source: wojciechstarogard.pl
    own collection
  • SZUMAN Anthony Henry, source: wojciechstarogard.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZUMAN Anthony Henry
    source: wojciechstarogard.pl
    own collection
  • SZUMAN Anthony Henry - Contemporary image, source: bookmaster.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZUMAN Anthony Henry
    Contemporary image
    source: bookmaster.com.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

SZUMAN

forename(s)

Anthony Henry (pl. Antoni Henryk)

  • SZUMAN Anthony Henry - Commemorative plaque, st. Adalbert parish church, Starogard Gdański, source: www.panoramio.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZUMAN Anthony Henry
    Commemorative plaque, st. Adalbert parish church, Starogard Gdański
    source: www.panoramio.com
    own collection
  • SZUMAN Anthony Henry - Commemorative plaque, monument to the fallen Fordon inhabitants, town square, Old Fordon, source: grant.zse.bydgoszcz.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZUMAN Anthony Henry
    Commemorative plaque, monument to the fallen Fordon inhabitants, town square, Old Fordon
    source: grant.zse.bydgoszcz.pl
    own collection
  • SZUMAN Anthony Henry - Commemorative plaque, St Nicholas parish church, Bydgoszcz-Fordon, source: forum.ioh.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZUMAN Anthony Henry
    Commemorative plaque, St Nicholas parish church, Bydgoszcz-Fordon
    source: forum.ioh.pl
    own collection
  • SZUMAN Anthony Henry - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZUMAN Anthony Henry
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

honorary titles

prelate
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of death

02.10.1939

Bydgoszcz
Fordon district, Bydgoszcz city pow., Kuyavia-Pomerania voiv., Poland

details of death

While doing secondary education at Classical Gymnasium in Toruń, during German occupation (Prussian partition of Poland), leader of Polish clandestine self—education organization Pomeranian Philomaths (1896‑1900). After denouncement tried by the Germans in a so‑called Toruń trial of 09‑12.09.1901. Prob. sentenced to a few weeks in prison and expelled from school. On 06.09.1939, few days after German invasion of Poland and start of the World War II (Russians invaded Poland 17 days after Germans), forced to leave his parish in Starogard Gdański. The new German town leader told him that „two of them cannot govern in the one and the same town”. Went to his friend, Fr Joseph Szydzik, parish priest in Fordon who few days later however was arrested by the Germans and murdered. For a dozen or so days fulfilled then his duties as a parish priest. On 02.10.1939 dragged out of the church, when praying on the prie‑dieu and murdered by the St Nicholas church main gate in Fordon, together with 6 members of this parish and its vicar, Fr Hubert Raszkowski with „Long live Christ the King! Long live Poland!” on his lips.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

13.06.1882

Toruń
Toruń city pow., Kuyavia-Pomerania voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

23.02.1908 (Pelplin)

positions held

1937–1939 — dean {dean.: Starogard Gdański}
1932–1939 — parish priest {parish: Starogard Gdański, St Matthew the Apostle; dean.: Starogard Gdański}
from 1932 — administrator {parish: Starogard Gdański, St Adalbert; dean.: Starogard Gdański}, church builder
membership {„Consilium a Vigilantia” (Eng. Committee on Morals); dioc.: Chełmno}
membership {Warsaw, Social Welfare Council; at the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare}
president {Pomeranian Society for the Protection of Children}
president {Pomeranian Circle of Abstinent Priests}
1920–1932 — parish priest {parish: Nawra, St Catherine the Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Chełmża}
1915–1920 — parish priest {parish: Trzebcz Szlachecki, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary}
1913–1914 — vicar {parish: Wiele}
vicar {parish: Nidzica}
1911 — vicar {parish: Dobrcz, St Lawrence the Martyr; dean.: Fordon}
1909–1910 — vicar {parish: Lubichowo, St James the Apostle}
1908 — vicar {parish: Brodnica, St Catherine of Alexandria the Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Brodnica}
from 1912 — student {Cracow, Department of Theology, Jagiellonian University UJ}
1904–1908 — student {Pelplin, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}
1925–1927 — editor {magazine, „Little World”}
1913–1918 — editor {magazine, „Our Guide”}
1907–1939 — membership {Toruń, scientific society}, member of the board (1915‑20)

others related in death

KUKUŁKA Lucyn, RASZKOWSKI Hubert, ROŻEK Alexander, SZYŁKIEWICZ Victor

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Fordon: In the „Valley of Death” in Fordon, where from 10.10.1939 till 11.11.1939 Germans murdered — as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — 1,200‑3,000 Poles from Bydgoszcz, mainly from intelligentsia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Pomeranian Philomaths: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — in Pomerania around Vistula river (Gdańsk Pomerania and Chełmno county), in Prussian–occupied Polish territories (one of the partitions of Poland). On 08.01.1901 Germans conducted a series of interrogations of students at Chełmno, Brodnica and Toruń gymnasiums. On 09‑12.09.1901 the first of court trials of Polish students from those gymnasiums and students of Theological Seminary in Pelplin was held in Toruń. 1 person was sentenced to 3 months in prison, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 weeks, 7 to 3 weeks, 2 to 2 weeks, 19 to a week, 2 to 1 day, 10 were reprimanded. 15 were cleared. More definitive penalties were relegations from the schools with so‑called wolf’s ticket, forbidding sentenced students to continue secondary and higher studies in Prussia (Germany). Among those penalized were a few future Catholic priests — those were able to continue their education for the Chełmno diocese bishop, Bp August Rosentreter, refused to relegate students from Theological Seminary. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

sources

personal:
www.hagiographycircle.com [access: 2012.11.23], niedziela.pl [access: 2013.02.09], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2015.09.30]
original images:
www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2015.09.30], wojciechstarogard.pl [access: 2018.03.25], wojciechstarogard.pl [access: 2018.03.25], bookmaster.com.pl [access: 2015.09.30], www.panoramio.com [access: 2014.01.16], grant.zse.bydgoszcz.pl [access: 2014.01.06], forum.ioh.pl [access: 2014.10.31]

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