• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • STRASZEWSKI Joseph - 08.1938, Włocławek, source: digital.fides.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTRASZEWSKI Joseph
    08.1938, Włocławek
    source: digital.fides.org.pl
    own collection
  • STRASZEWSKI Joseph, source: www.prawy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTRASZEWSKI Joseph
    source: www.prawy.pl
    own collection
  • STRASZEWSKI Joseph - Martyrs of Ląd monastery, contemporary image, martyrs altar, monastery, Ląd, source: wsdts.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTRASZEWSKI Joseph
    Martyrs of Ląd monastery, contemporary image, martyrs altar, monastery, Ląd
    source: wsdts.pl
    own collection

religious status

blessed

surname

STRASZEWSKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • STRASZEWSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Włocławek, source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTRASZEWSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Włocławek
    source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl
    own collection
  • STRASZEWSKI Joseph - Commemorative plague, Assumption of the Virgin Mary cathedral basilica, Włocławek, source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTRASZEWSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plague, Assumption of the Virgin Mary cathedral basilica, Włocławek
    source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl
    own collection
  • STRASZEWSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, Higher Theological Seminary, Stanislaus Karnkowski the Primate Str., Włocławek, source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTRASZEWSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, Higher Theological Seminary, Stanislaus Karnkowski the Primate Str., Włocławek
    source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl
    own collection
  • STRASZEWSKI Joseph - Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin, source: www.szczecin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTRASZEWSKI Joseph
    Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin
    source: www.szczecin.pl
    own collection

beatification date

13.06.1999more on
www.swzygmunt.knc.pl
[access: 2013.05.19]

John Paul IImore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Włocławek ie. Kalisz diocese

honorary titles

honorary canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Kalisz cathedral)

date and place of death

12.08.1942

TA HartheimSchloss Hartheim „euthanasia” center
today: Alkoven, Eferding dist., Salzburg state, Austria

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.18]

alt. dates and places of death

24.09.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 07.11.1939 together with 9 professors and 22 students of theological seminary.

Jailed in Włocławek prison.

On 16.01.1940 interned in Ląd transit camp, from where on 03.04.1941 transported to Inowrocław prison where as everybody else was beaten by German guards.

From there moved to Berlin prison where was incarcerated during Easter 13‑14.04.1941.

Next on 25.04.1941 transported — via Halle, Weimer and Nürenburg — to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Finally — totally exhausted — sent in a so‑called „invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center and murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

18.01.1885

Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

18.06.1911 (Włocławek cathedral)

positions held

1922 – 1939

parish priest {parish: Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1921 – 1922

vicar {church: Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary}, also: prefect of the State Gymnasium and gymnasium for girls

1917 – 1921

vicar {parish: Krzepicetoday: Krzepice gm., Kłobuck pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, St James the Apostle; dean.: Kłobuckotoday: Kłobuck, Kłobuck gm., Kłobuck pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}

1912 – 1917

vicar {parish: Borownotoday: Mykanów gm., Częstochowa pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, Our Lady of Mount Carmel; church: St Lawrence the Deacon and Martyr; dean.: Noworadomskotoday: Radomsko /from 1918/, Radomsko urban gm., Radomsko pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1911 – 1912

vicar {parish: Rozprzatoday: Rozprza gm., Piotrków Trybunalski pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.05]
, Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr and St Bartholmew the Apostle; dean.: Piotrków Trybunalskitoday: Piotrków Trybunalski city pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.29]
}

1905 – 1911

student {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

biography (own resources)

Click to read biography details from our resourcesClick to read biography details from our resources

others related in death

BRZUSKIClick to display biography Henry, DEMBCZYKClick to display biography Sylvain, KACZOROWSKIClick to display biography Henry, KOZALClick to display biography Michael, URBAŃSKIClick to display biography Andrew

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
)

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 24545Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

Berlin (Moabit): Prison in Berlin at Lehrter Straße, called Germ. Zellengefängnis (Eng. Cell prison), constructed in 1842‑9 by the order of Frederic William IV, King of Prussia. During II World War German army Wehrmacht remand prison, and next German political police Gestapo prison. Place of execution including by beheading. Place of death of many Poles. Shut down in 1957‑8. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.11.17]
)

Inowrocław: Internment camp (Germ. Interniertenlager Thalerhof) for Rusyns and Lemkovs for Galicia and Bukovina, accused of „ Moscow sympathies”, set up by Austro–Hungarian Empire in war with Russian Empire, built n. Graz in Austria (on the lands Graz airport today is located on), and operational during I World War, from 04.09.1914 to c. 10.05.1917. Altogether 14,000 – 20,000, including more than 350 priest of Greek Catholic Church — prisoner were held captive. Prisoners were subjected to very harsh, inhumane conditions. During first year there were no barracks and internees had to sleep on the ground. Typhus and cholera outbreaks were noted. Austrians recorded 1.757 death cases. Other sources claim 3,000. Executions were also carried out there. (more on: www.inowroclawfakty.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
)

Ląd: In 1940‑41, in a formerly cistercian priory and monastery (today Salesian Institute) in Ląd on Warta river Germans set‑up a transit camp for Polish priests and religious, from Włocławek, Gniezno, Warszawa, Poznań, Płock and Częstochowa dioceses and religious and monks from a number of congregations. Approx. 152 religious (70 till 03.04.1941 and 82 in 6‑28.10.1941) were held there prior to being sent to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: yadda.icm.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Włocławek: Police detention centre at Karnkowski str. in downtown Włocławek run by Germans. In 1939‑40 Germans held there hundreds of Poles, including dozens of Polish priests, that were subsequently transported to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sztetl.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.01.21]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, www.stanislawbm.wloclawek.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]

bibliograhical:, „Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947,
original images:
digital.fides.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, www.prawy.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, wsdts.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
, pomniki.wloclawek.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
, pomniki.wloclawek.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
, pomniki.wloclawek.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
, www.szczecin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]

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