• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • STEINKI Joseph, source: gosc.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTEINKI Joseph
    source: gosc.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

STEINKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Joseph (pl. Josef)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Warmia diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.09.02]

honorary titles

Minor Canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Warmia cathedral in Fromborkmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

date and place
of death

16.02.1945

Olsztyntoday: Olsztyn city pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II arrested by the national–socialist German authorities in 01.1941, accused of — together with 4 other priests, including Fr Bruno Weichsel and three other clerics — for dissemination of information about murder of Polish priests from Pelplin diocese by the Germans in 1939.

Sentenced to 3 and half years in prison.

Held in Sztum prison.

Forced to resign from canon's post at Frombork cathedral.

Released after 30 months.

Went to Olsztyn.

There on 14.02.1945, after the final Russian winter offensive of 1945 of the World War II — started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 — after start of Russian occupation (Russians captured Olsztyn on 22.01.1945), marked by numerous gang rapes, beatings and maltreatment of women by Russians soldiers, attempting to defend nuns and nurses from a local Mary's hospital beaten up unconscious by Russian soldiers.

Two days later arrested by the Russians and jailed in Olsztyn prison where perished on the same day.

According to other sources released but perished next day at his rectory.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

19.12.1889

Głotowotoday: Dobre Miasto gm., Olsztyn pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

09.07.1916

positions held

04.1944 – 1945

chaplain — Olsztyntoday: Olsztyn city pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
⋄ Mary's Hospital

from 1937

deputy vicar general

1936 – 1943

canon of the chapter — Fromborktoday: Frombork gm., Braniewo pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Andrew the Apostle RC cathedral church — penitentiary

president — St Boniface Association

chaplain — Women's Chaplaincy

from 1924

director — Braniewotoday: Braniewo urban gm., Braniewo pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.14]
⋄ „Caritas” Charity Society — organizer of the Seminar for Kindergarten Teachers in Olsztyn, holiday centers for children in Koronowo and Tolkmicko, a holiday home for mothers in Gietrzwałd, the St Joseph Institute (orphanage) in Lidzbark Warmiński, orthopedic clinic in Frombork, recreational holidays for children from the Ruhr, among others

from 1924

curatus/rector/expositus — Braniewotoday: Braniewo urban gm., Braniewo pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.14]
⋄ Holy Cross RC church ⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Braniewotoday: Braniewo urban gm., Braniewo pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.14]
RC deanery

1916 – 1924

vicar — Królewiectoday: Królewiec oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.24]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish (main parish)Samlanddeanery name
today: Królewiec oblast, Russia

more on
de.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
RC deanery

1916

vicar — Reszeltoday: Reszel gm., Kętrzyn pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish ⋄ Reszeltoday: Reszel gm., Kętrzyn pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
RC deanery

till 1916

student — Braniewotoday: Braniewo urban gm., Braniewo pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.14]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

student — Wrocławtoday: Wrocław city pov., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
⋄ mathematics, [University of Wrocław (since 1945), Royal University i.e. Breslau Academy (1816‑1911), Frederic Wilhelm University of Silesia (1911‑1945)]

student — Munichtoday: Bavaria state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.12]
⋄ mathematics

others related
in death

BOLZClick to display biography Mary (Sr Mary Generosa), DOMNIKClick to display biography Mary (Sr Mary Liberia), KLEMENTClick to display biography Bernard, KLOMFASSClick to display biography Martha (Sr Mary Christophora), WEICHSELClick to display biography Bruno, BREHMClick to display biography William, CHMIELEWSKIClick to display biography John Paul, FUCHSClick to display biography Godfrey, HUHNClick to display biography Paul, KORTENDIECKClick to display biography Theodore, LANGKAUClick to display biography Otto, LINDENBLATTClick to display biography John, LINKAClick to display biography Arthur, LUDWIGClick to display biography Francis, LUNKWITZClick to display biography Paul, MARQUARDTClick to display biography John, PREUSCHOFFClick to display biography Clement, PROTHMANNClick to display biography Adalbert, RAHMELClick to display biography Engelbert, SCHIKOWSKIClick to display biography Ulrich, SCHULZClick to display biography Arthur, SCHWARTZClick to display biography Paul, SIEGELClick to display biography Bruno Alexander, ŚWITALSKIClick to display biography Vladislav Bronislav, WILKEClick to display biography George, ZAGERMANNClick to display biography Francis, ZIEMETZKIClick to display biography Joachim

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Sztum: Prison in Sztum was built in 1910‑1914, during the Prussian (German) partition of Poland. Initially, it had 450 cells that formed the letter 'T'. In the mid‑1930s — after World War I and the establishment of the Polish state, Sztum remained in Germany, in the West Prussian regency — another wing was added for 300 more prisoners, and the facility took the form of a cross. In 1939, just before the start of World War II, arrests of Polish activists began. Many passed through the Sztum prison before being sent to German concentration camps. During the war, the prison functioned normally. On 20.01.1945, in the face of the Russian offensive, the Germans began to evacuate the city and emptied the prison. After start of the Russian occupation, the Commie–Nazis held in prison, among others Germans, soldiers of the Polish resistance Home Army AK — until 1953 the prison was overcrowded: 501 cells held up to 6,000 prisoners. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.28]
)

Mass rapes in 1945: During capture in 1944‑1945 of pre–war German territories and territories incorporated into Germany in 1939 after German invasion of Poland Russian soldiers committed mass, often multiple, rapes on mainly German, but also Polish, women. Up to 2 mln women might have been violated, from 8 to 80 or more years old. Many were murdered as a consequence. Rapes were prob. tolerated if not encouraged by Russian military and civilian NKVD commanders. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
ekai.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, files.bildarchiv-ostpreussen.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
,
original images:
gosc.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.28]

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