• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • SPERSKI Boleslaus; source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939—1988”, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSPERSKI Boleslaus
    source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939—1988”, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
    own collection

surname

SPERSKI

forename(s)

Boleslaus (pl. Bolesław)

  • SPERSKI Boleslaus - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSPERSKI Boleslaus
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Vilnius archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Vilnius diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Sacred Theology MA

honorary titles

honorary canon „de numero”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Vilnius cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

date and place of death

23.04.1951

Verkhneuralsktoday: Verkhneuralsk reg., Chelyabinsk oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]

details of death

In 1902 accompanied Bp Stephen Zwierowicz deported by Russian Tsarist authorities to Tver.

For admitting Orthodox parishioners to Catholic Church and organisation of Polish schools arrested by the Russians and in c. 1912 held for 13 months in Vilnius and Psków prisons.

In 1914 forced to emigrate to Canada.

In 1917 volunteered to Polish army being formed in France under Gen. Haller, as chaplain prob. of 1st Division of Polish Riflemen.

In the spring of 1919 returned with his army to Poland.

Took part prob. in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9 and Polish–Russian war of 1919‑20, as a chaplain of prob. 13th Kresy Infantry Division of the Polish Army.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of German occupation, sent by Abp Jałbrzykowski to minister in Minsk.

After a week arrested by the Germans and transported back to Vilnius.

There participated in efforts to help persecuted Jews.

On 03.03.1942 arrested by the Germans again together with 28 professors and 81 seminarians of Theological Seminary in Vilnius and jailed in Lukishki prison.

Next on 29.03.1942 transported to Szałtupie concentration camp where held till mid 1944.

After release moved in 09.1940 east to minister to Catholics in Russia, in the regions beyond pre‑war Polish border.

On 14.12.1946 arrested by the Russians in Vilnius.

Accused of conducting intelligence and anti–Russian activities.

In 08.1947 sentenced to 5 years of slave labour in concentration camps — Gulag.

Jailed in Stalinogorsk camp and prob. forced to slave labour at chromium mine in Bobrik Donskoj.

Next transported to Włodzimierz on Klaźma prison.

Finally moved to a solitary cell in Wierchniouralsk prison where perished.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

05.04.1871

Kończynyzaścianek (yeomen's settlement), non–existent\
form.: prob. also Koncuny
today: Širvintos dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1897

positions held

c. 1946

priest {parish: Orshatoday: Orsha dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

till 1945

priest {parish: Mogilevtoday: Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

from 1944

priest {parish: Babruysktoday: Babruysk dist., Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}

1936 – 1944

parish priest {parish: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, All the Saints; dean.: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

1931 – 1936

rector {church: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, St Bartholomew the Apostle; dean.: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}, also: prefect of Business School (from 1934)

1927 – 1931

dean {dean.: Grodnotoday: Grodno dist., Grodno reg., Belarus}

1927 – 1931

parish priest {parish: Grodnotoday: Grodno dist., Grodno reg., Belarus, main parish St Francis Xavier; dean.: Grodnotoday: Grodno dist., Grodno reg., Belarus}

1921 – 1927

dean {dean.: Vawkavysktoday: Vawkavysk dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

1921 – 1927

parish priest {parish: Vawkavysktoday: Vawkavysk dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, main parish St Wenceslaus the King and Martyr; dean.: Vawkavysktoday: Vawkavysk dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

1920 – 1921

parish priest {parish: Kobryntoday: Kobryn dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Kobryntoday: Kobryn dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1916 – 1917

parish priest {parish: Torontotoday: Ontario prov., Canada
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Blessed Virgin Mary; Ontario, Canada}

from 1914

parish priest {parish: St. Catharinestoday: Niagara reg., Ontario prov., Canada
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Blessed Virgin Mary of Perpetual Help; Ontario, Canada}, organizer and first parish priest

c. 1914

priest {parish: Wellandtoday: Niagara reg., Ontario prov., Canada
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; Ontario, Canada}, parish organizer

1911 – c. 1912

parish priest {parish: Lipnishkitoday: Ivye dist., Grodno reg., Belarus, St Casimir the Prince and Confessor; dean.: Vishnyevatoday: Vishnyeva ssov., Valozhyn dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1907 – 1911

parish priest {parish: Žaludoktoday: Žaludok ssov., Shchuchyn dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.10.26]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Lidatoday: Lida dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1904 – 1907

parish priest {parish: Žyrmunytoday: Voranava dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Lidatoday: Lida dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1903 – 1904

prefect {Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
, W.M. Prozorowa's Gymnasium for Women, S.A. Kowaluk's Lower Gymnasium and Railway School}

till 1903

chaplain {to Stephen Zwierowicz, the Bishop of Chełmno and Sandomierz dioceses}, secretary

1897 – 1901

professor {Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Theological Seminary}

1894 – 1897

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918)}

1890 – 1894

student {Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

ANDRIUŠKAClick to display biography Benedykt, ŠEŠKEVIČIUSClick to display biography Vincent

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Verkhneuralsk (prison): Hard–labour prison in Verkhneuralsk (Chelyabinsk oblast). Founded in 1914 during Tsarist regime. From 1925 a „politisolator” — prison for political prisoners — initially for prisoner from Solovetsky Islands. Run first by murderous OGPU and then by NKVD, and forming part of Russian system of slave labour Gulag. In 1948 rebranded as special prison. Political prisoners were held there till 1955. (more on: ru.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Vladimir (on Klaźma river): On of the harshest Russian prisons for political prisoners where dozens of catholic priest were held.

Šaltupis: In 01.1942, at the Šaltupis estate in Lithuania, the Germans established a slave labor camp for the Polish clergy. The formal order was issued by a Lithuanian collaborator, the police chief of the city of Vilnius. The camp was managed by the German Secret Political Police Gestapo, but the commandant was another Lithuanian collaborator, known for his brutality and sadism towards prisoners. On 17.10.1942, professors of the Theological Faculty of the University of Stefan Batory and the Theological Seminary in Vilnius were brought in. Apart from them, Vilnius monks and friars were kept in the camp: the Discalced Carmelites, Jesuits, Missionaries, Brothers Hospitallers of Saint John of God and one Franciscan. Together c. 50 people. The internees slaved on a farm. In 04.1943 some of the prisoners were released. Most of them however were held until the defeat of Germany and the start of the Russian occupation in 07.1944. A few perished in the camp.

Vilnius (Lukishki): Vilnius prison used both by Russians and Germans. Thousands of Poles were kept there. From 2,000 to 16,000 prisoners were jailed at any time there. In 06.1941, after German invasion, Russians murdered most of the prisoners. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.07.04]
)

03.03.1942 arrests (Vilnius): On 03.03.1942 in Vilnius Germans arrested 28 professors and 81 seminarians of Vilnius Theological Seminary, prob. denounced by the Lithuanians. A few weeks later, on 26.03.1942, the Germans and the Lithuanians who collaborated with them arrested 9 religious fathers, 5 brothers, 2 novices and 1 boy helping in the kitchen, from the Jesuit College of Vilnius. All were locked in Łukiszki prison in Vilnius. Professors were on 18.03.1942 transported to Wyłkowyszki and interned there. In 10.1942 were subsequently sent to concentration camp (i.e. Szałtupie, Poniewieżyk). The seminarians were transported out on 04.05.1942 to Germany for slave labour (most of them escaped during the transport). Theological seminary was closed. Few weeks after Vilnius seminary arrests, on 26.03.1942 Germans arrested Vilnius religious friars and clerics (Jesuits and Missionary Fathers of St Vincent a Pauli, among others) who got exposed to the same prison treatment. (more on: www.tygodnik.ltClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
)

Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.31]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—21: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.05.20]
)

sources

personal:
www.katolicy.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]

bibliograhical:, „Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939‑1945”, Fr Thaddeus Krahel, Białystok, 2017, „Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939‑1988”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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MARTYROLOGY: SPERSKI Boleslaus

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