• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

RYCHTER

forename(s)

Leo (pl. Leon)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Łódź diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Warsaw archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Sacred Theology
Bachelor of Canon Law

honorary titles

Rochettum et Mantolettum canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of death

04.04.1943

alt. dates and places of death

KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2016.05.30]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, on 28.11.1939 evicted by the Germans — together with all staff and students — from the Theological Seminary building in Łódź.

The Seminary reconvened in Bishops manor in Szczawin n. Zgierz.

On 28.02.1940 all manor's building were taken over by the Germans and all Polish inhabitants evicted.

The Seminary ceased to exist. Moved to Łódź.

Fate thereafter unknown.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

17.07.1893

Zduńska Wolatoday: Zduńska Wola urban gm., Zduńska Wola pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1918

positions held

from 1940

priest {parish: Łódźtoday: Łódź city pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Łódźtoday: Łódź city pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

c. 1935 – 1937

pro–synodal judge {Bishop's Diocesan Court}

till c. 1937

censor of religious books (Lat. censores librorum)

from 1936

chaplain {Łódźtoday: Łódź city pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, German Secondary Schools Association's Private gymnasium for Men}

till 1936

vicar {parish: Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
, All the Saints}

chaplain {Łódźtoday: Łódź city pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, 2nd Municipal House of Education}

1927 – 1930

vice–rector

1925 – 1927

professor {Łódźtoday: Łódź city pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Theological Seminary}, moral theology, also the first prefect

from 1928

PhD student {Paristoday: Paris dep., Île–de–France reg., France
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.13]
}, prob.

till 1928

vicar {parish: Łódźtoday: Łódź city pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Łódźtoday: Łódź city pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

1922 – 1925

student {Paristoday: Paris dep., Île–de–France reg., France
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.13]
, moral theology, Institut Catholique (Eng. Catholic University)}

prefect {Łódźtoday: Łódź city pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

others related in death

BARTKIEWICZClick to display biography Bronislaus, BĘDKOWSKIClick to display biography Casimir, BIERNACKIClick to display biography Felix, BRZEZIŃSKIClick to display biography Romualdo, CHMIELIŃSKIClick to display biography John, CHOJNACKIClick to display biography Vladislav, CHOMICZEWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, CIESIELSKIClick to display biography Vladislav Anthony, CZERWIŃSKIClick to display biography Vincent, DOMAGAŁAClick to display biography Vladislav, DROZDALSKIClick to display biography John, DZIUDAClick to display biography Joseph, FIJAŁKOWSKIClick to display biography John, GAJEWICZClick to display biography Sigismund, GIERCZAKClick to display biography John, GOSTKOWSKIClick to display biography Steven, GRĘDAClick to display biography Mieczyslav, GRZELAKClick to display biography Vladislav, GUZOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, HAUSERClick to display biography Steven, JABŁOŃSKIClick to display biography Vincent, JAWORSKIClick to display biography Marian, JĘDRZEJCZAKClick to display biography Cornelius, KACZYŃSKIClick to display biography Dominic, KASPROWICZClick to display biography John, KASZYCAClick to display biography Leo Constantine, KNAPSKIClick to display biography Sigismund, KOCHANIAKClick to display biography Francis, KONECKIClick to display biography Roman, KOZANECKIClick to display biography Edmund Eugene, KRUPCZYŃSKIClick to display biography John Alexander, KUBIŚClick to display biography Adalbert, LASKOWSKIClick to display biography Louis, LEWANDOWICZClick to display biography Mieczyslav, LISClick to display biography Thomas, MACHNIKOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, MACKIEWICZClick to display biography John, MIKOŁAJEWSKIClick to display biography Sigismund, NOWICKIClick to display biography Casimir, PALINCEUSZClick to display biography Joseph, PATRYCYClick to display biography Ceslaus Alexander, PAWŁOWSKIClick to display biography Ignatius, PEŁCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, PERZYNAClick to display biography Michael, PYSZYŃSKIClick to display biography Hippolytus, RABIŃSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, SIERADZKIClick to display biography Matthew, SIKORSKIClick to display biography Vaclav Steven, SKOCZYLASClick to display biography Casimir, SKOWROŃSKIClick to display biography Steven, STAŃCZAKClick to display biography Ceslaus, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Casimir, ŚWIDEREKClick to display biography Vladislav, ŚWITAJSKIClick to display biography John Bronislaus, WILKClick to display biography Stanislaus, WRONOWSKIClick to display biography Sigismund, ZYSKClick to display biography Francis, ŻWIREKClick to display biography Vladislav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau: KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
www.tgcp.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, archidiecezja.lodz.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.10.13]
, cybra.lodz.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.10.18]

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