• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - 1937, Pelplin seminary; source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    1937, Pelplin seminary
    source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness
    own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph, source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl
    own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - 1937, Pelplin seminary; source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    1937, Pelplin seminary
    source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

ROSKWITALSKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - Monument to the priests-martyrs 1939—45, parish cemetery, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    Monument to the priests-martyrs 1939—45, parish cemetery, Pelplin
    source: own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, monument to the murdered, Tczew, source: www.panoramio.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, monument to the murdered, Tczew
    source: www.panoramio.com
    own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - Monument to the murdered, Tczew, source: www.portalpomorza.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    Monument to the murdered, Tczew
    source: www.portalpomorza.pl
    own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Theology

honorary titles

Minor Canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Pelpin cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

date and place of death

20.10.1939

Tczewtoday: Tczew urban gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

alt. dates and places of death

21.10.1939

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II left Pelplin but soon — after start of German occupation — returned.

On 20.10.1939 called in by the Germans for a meeting at the Theological Seminary building in Pelplin.

After arrival arrested together with 18 other Pelplin canons. Marched off from the city and rushed to Tczew.

There in the former military barracks tortured and murdered during the night together with 15 other Pelplin canons.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

24.04.1893

Dąbrówkatoday: Starogard Gdański gm., Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

14.05.1916

positions held

1936 – 1939

canon of the chapter {church: Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Cathedral Chapter}

1935 – 1939

rector {Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
, Theological Seminary}, also: lecturer in pedagogy, catechetics and pastoral theology

1936 – 1939

censor of religious books (Lat. censores librorum) {Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
, Diocesan Curia}

c. 1935 – 1939

pro–synodal examiner {Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
, Diocesan Curia}

c. 1920 – 1935

prefect {Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, [King John III Sobieski’s State Gymnasium and Classical Lyceum /1935‑9 /, King John III Sobieski’s State Classical Gymnasium /1933‑5/, State Gymnasium for Men and State Humanities Gymnasium for Females /1921‑33/, Polish Gymnasium /1920‑1/]}, professor of religion and introductory philosophy

till 1933

PhD student {Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
, John Casimir University — clandestine, underground /1941‑1944/, Ivan Franko University /1940‑1941/, John Casimir University /1919‑1939/, Franciscan University /1817‑1918/}, PhD thesis „Creative school in the study of religion” (defense in 1933)

PhD student {Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
, Department of Catholic Theology, [University of Warsaw /from 1945/, University — clandestine, underground /1939‑45/, Joseph Piłsudski University /1935‑39/, University of Warsaw /1915‑35/, Imperial University of Warsaw /1870–1915/]}

vicar {parish: Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
; dean.: Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}

1916 – 1920

vicar {parish: Starogard Gdańskitoday: Starogard Gdański gm., Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
, St Matthew the Apostle; dean.: Starogard Gdańskitoday: Starogard Gdański gm., Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
}

1912 – 1916

student {Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

1919 – 1920

membership {Toruńtoday: Toruń city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
, scientific society}

others related in death

BARTKOWSKIClick to display biography Julius, BISTRAMClick to display biography John, DZIARNOWSKIClick to display biography Augustine Charles, GRAJEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, JANKOWSKIClick to display biography John, KIRSTEINClick to display biography Paul, KUROWSKIClick to display biography Paul, LEWANDOWSKIClick to display biography Louis, PARTYKAClick to display biography Boleslaus, RASZEJAClick to display biography Maximilian, RÓŻYŃSKIClick to display biography Francis, SCHÜTTClick to display biography Walter, SIELSKIClick to display biography Julius, WIŚNIEWSKIClick to display biography John, ZAREMBAClick to display biography John

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Tczew (mord kapłanów): On 20.10.1939 Germans in Pelplin and vicinity arrested c. 21 Catholic priests. The group was driven to a nearby Belawski forest where they were forced to dig a large ditch. For some reason (possibly for place was open to local inhabitants) the group was forced to march back to Pelplin, being publicly maltreated and tortured on the way, towards train station. There they were put on lorries and taken to Tczew prison. In the evening after torture 16 of them were executed in the Tczew military barracks, at the place traditionally known as Old Powder Site — by the shots to the back of the head (Germ. „Genickschuss”). Some of them were prob. buried in a mass grave alive. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
)

Tczew (obóz): Transit camp set up by the Germans on 10.09.1939 for inhabitants of Tczew county. Organised at former Polish army barracks and from end of 11.1939 in the Artisans’ school building. Altogether c. 1,000‑1,500 people where incarcerated and repeatedly tortured. 120‑150 were murdered in the barracks including 16 priests from Pelplin. Some were mass murdered in Szpęgawsk forest, others were transferred to KL Stutthof concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
www.zkp.tczew.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, niedziela.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, teologia.uksw.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.02.24]
, www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]
,
original images:
www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.panoramio.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, www.portalpomorza.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]

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