• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • PAWOŁEK John; source: thanks to Fr Joseph Niesłony OMI kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWOŁEK John
    source: thanks to Fr Joseph Niesłony OMI kindness
    own collection
  • PAWOŁEK John; source: „Strzelno my place” (strzelno3.bloog.pl), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWOŁEK John
    source: „Strzelno my place” (strzelno3.bloog.pl)
    own collection
  • PAWOŁEK John; source: Joseph Alois Pielorz, „Martyrology of Polish Oblates 1939—1945”, Poznań 2005, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWOŁEK John
    source: Joseph Alois Pielorz, „Martyrology of Polish Oblates 1939—1945”, Poznań 2005
    own collection
  • PAWOŁEK John - c. 1920, source: historialubliniec.slask.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWOŁEK John
    c. 1920
    source: historialubliniec.slask.pl
    own collection
  • PAWOŁEK John - c. 30.07.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWOŁEK John
    c. 30.07.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org)
    own collection
  • PAWOŁEK John - c. 30.07.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWOŁEK John
    c. 30.07.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org)
    own collection
  • PAWOŁEK John - c. 30.07.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWOŁEK John
    c. 30.07.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org)
    own collection

surname

PAWOŁEK

forename(s)

John (pl. Jan)

  • PAWOŁEK John - Commemorative plaque, Our Lady the Immaculate church, Harmęże, source: www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWOŁEK John
    Commemorative plaque, Our Lady the Immaculate church, Harmęże
    source: www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl
    own collection
  • PAWOŁEK John - Commemorative plaque, Holy Cross monastery; source: thanks to Fr Joseph Niesłony OMI kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWOŁEK John
    Commemorative plaque, Holy Cross monastery
    source: thanks to Fr Joseph Niesłony OMI kindness
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate OMImore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Oblates)

diocese / province

Polish province OMI
Polish provincial vicariate (vice-province) OMI
Katowice diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

German province OMI

date and place
of death

13.11.1941

KL Auschwitzconcentration camp
today: Oświęcim, Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

alt. dates and places
of death

13.10.1941, 28.02.1942

details of death

During his stay in Piekary Śląskie in 1919‑1920, participated in Polish preparations for the plebiscite to decide the nationality of Upper Silesia (the plebiscite took place a year later).

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of World War II, detained by the Germans on 17.10.1939 in his Congregation's house in Poznań.

On 08.01.1940 arrested.

Interned in Ląd.

On 17.06.1940 released and deported to German–controlled General Governorate.

Moved in to Holy Cross monastery.

There on 16/18.07.1941 arrested by the Germans.

Jailed in Kielce prison.

Finally on 30.07.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

10.07.1882

Stary Popielówtoday: Popielów, Popielów gm., Opole pov., Opole voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

religious vows

15.08.1902 (temporary)
15.08.1903 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

09.05.1907 (Hünfeldtoday: Fulda dist., Kassel reg., Hesse state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2024.03.19]
)

positions held

1939 – 1940

superior — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Christ the King Congregation's house, Oblates OMI

1938 – 1939

friar — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Christ the King Congregation's house, Oblates OMI — peoples' missionary

1934 – 1938

superior — KatowiceBogucice district
today: Katowice city pov., Silesia voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
⋄ Congregation's missionary residence w szpitalu pw. Aniołów Stróżów, prowadzonym przez Zakon Braci Bonifratrów OH, Oblates OMI — also: people's missionary, builder of a new Congregation's house in the Koszutki district in Katowice

1926 – 1934

editor and publisher — „Oblate of the Immaculata” monthly magazine (10,000 copies) — also: publisher of Polish translations of many Oblate missionary works, author of many articles

1931 – 1934

friar — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Christ the King Congregation's house, Oblates OMI — also: consultant/councillor to the Provincial

1927 – 1931

superior — Chumiętkitoday: Krobia gm., Gostyń pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.20]
⋄ St John Cantius the Confessor Congregation's house („Krobia”), Oblates OMI

1926 – 1927

friar — Chumiętkitoday: Krobia gm., Gostyń pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.20]
⋄ St John Cantius the Confessor Congregation's house („Krobia”), Oblates OMI — peoples' missionary

friar — Markowicetoday: Strzelno gm., Mogilno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Congregation's house, Oblates OMI — peoples' missionary

from 1920

friar — Krotoszyntoday: Krotoszyn gm., Krotoszyn pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Congregation's house, Oblates OMI — peoples' missionary

1919 – 1920

friar — Piekary Śląskietoday: Piekary Śląskie city pov., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
⋄ Congregation's house, Oblates OMI — peoples' missionary

c. 1917 – c. 1919

friar — Höntroptoday: district of Bochum, Bochum urban dist., North Rhine–Westphalia state, Germany
more on
de.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.20]
⋄ Missionhouse, Oblates OMI

1907 – c. 1917

friar — Kapellentoday: district of Grevenbroich, Rhein‑Kreis Neuss dist., Düsseldorf reg., Rhineland–Palatinate state, Germany
more on
de.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.20]
⋄ St Nicholas Congregation's house (Germ. Nikolauskloster), Oblates OMI — chaplain to the Polish emigrantsin the Rhineland and Westphalia

1902 – 1907

student — Hünfeldtoday: Fulda dist., Kassel reg., Hesse state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2024.03.19]
⋄ Higher Theological Seminary i.e. Scholasticate, Oblates OMI

1901 – 15.08.1902

novitiate — Houthemtoday: Valkenburg aan de Geul, Limburg prov., Niederlands
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.20]
⋄ St Gerlach Congregation's house, Oblates OMI

1901

accession — Oblates OMI

1885 – 1901

pupil — Valkenburg aan de Geultoday: Valkenburg aan de Geul, Limburg prov., Niederlands
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.06]
⋄ Carolinum College — Minor Theological Seminary i.e. Juniorate (equiv. to gymnasium), Oblates OMI

author of brochures, e.g. „Our Father in heaven! A few words of comfort in hard times”, Poznań 1915, „What the war tells us or the war mission. A field letter for soldiers and those who stayed at home”, Góra Świętej Anny, 1916

others related
in death

BARTOSZClick to display biography Ceslav, FINCClick to display biography John, KULAWYClick to display biography John William, KULAWYClick to display biography Paul, LESZCZYKClick to display biography Anthony

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 19025Click to display biography): German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL and Germ. Vernichtungslager (Eng. extermination camp) VL Auschwitz was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was Germ. Vernichtungslager (Eng. extermination camp) VL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Kielce: The prison at Zamkowa Str. in Kielce was opened in 1826‑1828. In 09.1939, after start of German occupation, under German control. Initially a POW camp and next prison run by German political police Gestapo. Till 1945 more then c. 16,000 prisoners were held there. Any time c. 2,000 were incarcerated, in space build for c. 400 people. Prisoners, in extremely cramped conditions, were starved, ill‑treated and murdered in prison, executed outside, transported to German concentration camps or deported to slave labour sites. Prison chapel Germans used as torture chamber. At the same time in 08.1941 (after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, do till the autumn of 1944 in Fijałkowski’s barracks in Kielce Bukówka district Germans set up a POW camp for Russian prisoners (branch of Stalag XII C „Kamienna” in Skarżysko‑Kamienna, later of Stalag 367 Częstochowa). According to one of the witnesses first 100 POWs were brought in 09.1941. A week later 4,500 more arrived and within a fortnight another 5,000. Following that the POWs were brought in groups of 500‑1,000. Altogether c. 15,000‑20,000 Russian POWs were held in the camp. POWs slaved at forest clearances, digging sewage ditches, at train loading. They got a hunger rations (as a result acts of cannibalism took place). Slept in unheated barracks. Were beaten and tortured (with wooden battons). Received to medical help. For any type of transgression they were penalized with execution. The camp was managed by the Germans and was supported by a camp’s militia, composed mainly by the Ukrainians. Only few hundred prisoners survived who in the autumn of 1944 were transferred to other camps. From 1945 in Russian Commie‑Nazi hands. Till 1956 many political prisoners, e.g. members of former restistance Home Army AK and National Armed Forces NSZ (part of Polish Clandestine State) where held camptive there. On 04‑05.1945 Polish partisans commanded by Mjr Anthony Heda attacked the prison and release c. 700 prisoners. (more on: www.chroniclesofterror.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.02.08]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Ribbentrop‑Molotov Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so‑called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Deportations from niem. Reichsgau Wartheland: After defeating Poland in 1939 a new province was created in Germany, Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland (Eng. Warta German Region) and defined as „indigenous German”, although in 1939 Germans constituted less than 10% of the total population there. In the same 1939, the national‑socialist leader of Germany, Adolf Hitler, announced the need to move Germans from the East to the Reich, mainly to the Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland. Another German leader, Robert Ley, stated, „In 50 years there will be a thriving German country where there will be neither a Pole nor a Jew! If someone asks me where they will be, I will answer: I don't know. In Palestine or in the Sahara desert, I don't care. But German people will live here!” Deportations began. By the end of 1939, c. 80 railway transports were sent to the General Governorate — a total of 87,883 people, mainly Poles and Jews. By 03.1941, over 280,000 people had been displaced. The deported had the right to take with them 12‑30 kg per person. They were given half an hour to pack. Over 60,000 Germans from Estonia, Latvia, Finland, later from other regions, were brought in to replace them. In 1941, c. 70,000 remaining Jewsa were displaced. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.11.20]
)

Ląd: In 1940‑1941, in a formerly cistercian priory and monastery (today Salesian Institute) in Ląd on Warta river Germans set‑up a transit camp for Polish priests and religious, from Włocławek, Gniezno, Warszawa, Poznań, Płock and Częstochowa dioceses and religious and monks from a number of congregations. Approx. 152 religious (70 till 03.04.1941 and 82 in 06‑28.10.1941) were held there prior to being sent to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
, yadda.icm.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Silesian Uprisings: Three armed interventions of the Polish population against Germany in 1919‑1921 aiming at incorporation of Upper Silesia and Opole region into Poland, after the revival of the Polish state in 1918. Took place in the context of a plebiscite ordered on the basis of the international treaty of Versailles of 28.06.1919, ending the First World War, that was to decide national fate of the disputed lands. The 1st Uprising took place on 16‑24.08.1919 and broke out spontaneously in response to German terror and repression against the Polish population. Covered mainly Pszczyna and Rybnik counties and part of the main Upper Silesia industrial district. Suppressed by the Germans. 2nd Uprising took place on 19‑25.08.1920 in response to numerous acts of terror of the German side. Covered the entire area of the Upper Silesia industrial district and part of the Rybnik county. As a result Poles obtained better conditions for the campaign prior the plebiscite. The poll was conducted on 20.03.1921. The majority of the population — 59.6% — were in favor of Germany, but the results were influenced by the admission of voting from former inhabitants of Upper Silesia living outside Silesia. As a result the 3rd Uprising broke out, the largest such uprising of the Silesian in the 20th century. It lasted from 02.05.1921 to 05.07.1921. Spread over almost the entire area of Upper Silesia. Two large battles took place in the area of St. Anna Mountain and near Olza. As a result on 12.10.1921 the international plebiscite commission decided on a more favorable for Poland division of Upper Silesia. The territory granted to Poland was enlarged to about ⅓ of the disputed territory. Poland accounted for 50% of metallurgy and 76% of coal mines. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.05.25]
)

sources

personal:
dl.dropboxusercontent.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
, pl.auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]

bibliographical:
Opole Silesia clergy's martyrology during II World War”, Fr Andrew Hanich, Opole 2009
original images:
strzelno3.bloog.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
, historialubliniec.slask.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.11.20]
, auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
, auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
, auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
, www.harmeze.franciszkanie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an Email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at WikipediaPatrz:
en.wikipedia.org
, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATORClick and try to call your own Email client

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: PAWOŁEK John

To return to the biography press below:

Click to return to biographyClick to return to biography