St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Peter (pl. Piotr)
Ukrainian Greek Catholicmore on
date and place of death
Rzeszówtoday: Rzeszów city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
details of death
Arrested on 10.10.1944, after German withdrawal and capture of Rzeszów by Russians (Russians entered Rzeszów on 02.08.1944) and start of Russian occupation — at the end of the World War II started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 — prob. by Russian genocidal NKVD organization.
It might have taken place in Brzozów (c. 70 km to the south of Rzeszów), where — according to Russian sources — prob. attempted to convince wounded Russian soldiers of Ukrainian origin to join Ukrainian nationalist cause (i.e.
Ukrainian genocidal OUN/UPA organization).
Held in Rzeszów (prob. in the Castle, where then Russians held hundreds of Polish independence activists and partisans from clandestine Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State — it's worthwhile noting that was brought to Rzeszów Castle prison prob. few days after failed attempt to released AK soldiers held by the Russians by a partisan unit led by Col.
Lukas Ciepliński, future chairman of 4th Command of WiN, murdered by Commie–Nazis in 1951).
cause of death
Russians / Poles
date and place of birth
Izdebkitoday: Nozdrzec gm., Brzozów pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
others related in death
DROZDClick to display biography Gregory, KARPYSZYNClick to display biography Basil, SZCZESNIUKClick to display biography Adrian, WALUCHClick to display biography Bogdan, SZEWCZUKClick to display biography Basil
camps (+ prisoner no)
Rzeszów: During German occupation penal prison run by the Germans set up in Rzeszów Castle. At any one time more than 2,500 prisoners were held there (for instance from 01.04.1943 till 01.03.1944), mainly Poles. In the Castle basements and on prison yard executions were carried out of those sentenced by the German Sondergericht (Eng. special court) kangaroo court — other prisoners of the Castle were executed by the Germans at other sites in Rzeszów as well. After German withdrawal on 02.08.1944 and capture of Rzeszów by the Russians the prison was taken over initially by the Russian genocidal NKVD and then by Polish UB, a unit of murderous Russian NKVD. Thousands, of prisoners — Polish political activists and partisans, members of various clandestine organizations (among others from Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State, and Freedom and Independence WiN) — were then held captive there. Local AK leader, Col. Lukas Ciepliński, future chairman of 4th Command of WiN, murdered by Commie–Nazis in 1951, reported in 1944 that „during interrogations even women are brutally beaten. The processes […] are led by NKVD” and „the prisoners’ situation […] is dreadful. They simply perish from hunger. The food in German times compared to today was simply a luxury”. Executions of those held — Polish independence activists, but also German war criminals and Ukrainian nationalist — were also, as done by the Germans, carried out then in the Castle, in Castle’s basements and on the gallows in the prison yard. (more on: www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
Genocidium Atrox: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volyn and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 130,000 to 180,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volyn, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished in this holocaust — known as „Genocidium Atrox” (Eng. „savage genocide”) The nature and purpose of genocide is perhaps best reflected in the song sung by the murderers: „We will slaughter the Poles, we will cut down the Jews, we must conquer the great Ukraine” (ukr. „Поляків виріжем, Євреїв видусим, велику Україну здобути мусим”). This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: www.swzygmunt.knc.plClick to attempt to display webpage
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
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