• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • KURACH Anthony; source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKURACH Anthony
    source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002
    own collection

surname

KURACH

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • KURACH Anthony - Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKURACH Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock
    source: own collection
  • KURACH Anthony - Commemorative plaque, St Catherine of Alexandria church, Działdowo, source: radioolsztyn.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKURACH Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, St Catherine of Alexandria church, Działdowo
    source: radioolsztyn.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Płock diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

05.1940

Komornicki foresttoday: Działdowo gm., Działdowo pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

alt. dates and places of death

KL Soldauconcentration camp
today: Działdowo, Działdowo urban gm., Działdowo pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.09.02]

details of death

Arrested by the Germans on 09.09.1939, just a few days after German invasion of Poland (Russians invaded Poland on 17.09.1939) and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation.

The preserved archives of the criminal German political police Gestapo contain a note about him stating: „there is a suspicion that, as a priest, he participated in incitement against the German nation”.

Jailed in POW Stalag I B Hohenstein camp (for a time in camp's hospital for he got gravely ill) and from 15.11.1939 in Springborn camp (in Stoczek Warmiński Franciscan monastery).

From there in 12.1939 prob. transported to KL Hohenbruch concentration camp.

On 17.03.1940 transported to KL Soldau concentration camp, then operated as DL Soldau, i.e. transit camp (among many priests who were falsely told they would be taken to German–run General Governorate) and murdered.

In the White Book it is assumed that was murdered in a nearby Komorniki forests in a mass execution during genocidal Germ. „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish ruling classes and intelligentsia.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

17.01.1909

Mozolice Małetoday: Sieciechów gm., Kozienice pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

06.06.1937 (Płock cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

positions held

1939

vicar {parish: Ciechanówtoday: Ciechanów urban gm., Ciechanów pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Joseph; church: Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Ciechanówtoday: Ciechanów urban gm., Ciechanów pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1938 – 1939

vicar {parish: Chrostkowotoday: Chrostkowo gm., Lipno pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Barbara the Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Rypintoday: Rypin gm., Rypin pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1937 – 1938

vicar {parish: Sochocintoday: Sochocin gm., Płońsk pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.06]
, St John the Baptist; dean.: Płońsktoday: Płońsk urban gm., Płońsk pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1931 – 1937

student {Płocktoday: Płock city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BIAŁYClick to display biography Vladislav, CIBOROWSKIClick to display biography Thaddeus, KRYSIAKClick to display biography Andrew, LATARSKIClick to display biography Joseph, MORAWSKIClick to display biography Michael, PAWLAKClick to display biography Anthony, ROGIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph Stanislaus, STEFAŃCZYKClick to display biography Faustinus, WĄDOŁOWSKIClick to display biography Francis, BAGDZIŃSKIClick to display biography Mieczyslav, CHWIŁOWICZClick to display biography Mieczyslav, JANKOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, KEMPIŃSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, KLEPACZEWSKIClick to display biography Louis, KŁAPKOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, KRYSIŃSKIClick to display biography John Julian, ŁADAClick to display biography Alexander, MIASTKOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, PIEŃKOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, PŁOSZAJClick to display biography Stanislaus, RAMOTOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, ROSZKOWSKIClick to display biography Ceslaus, SZCZEPANOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus Felix, SZCZODROWSKIClick to display biography Marian, SZYMCZYKClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Komorniki forests: Series of mass murders perpetrated by Germans at the bottom of Komorniki Hill, c. 6 km from Działdowo. Victims were Poles, representatives of Germ. Führungsschicht (Eng. Leading Classes), teachers, Catholic priests, office workers, farmers, political and social activists — prisoners of then DL Soldau Germ. „Durchgangslager für polnische Zivilgefangene” (pl. „transit camp for Polish civilian POWs”). The first of the murders was prob. in 12.1939, on 34 teachers in Ciechanów county. Later prisoners transported from KL Hohenbruch, AbL Rudau, AbL AbL Groß‑Mischen, AbL Baydritten, Stalag I B Hohenstein camps in East Prussia, arrested earlier, were murdered. The victims were brought to the execution site — the trenches of 8 m × 6 m × 2 m were dug out earlier — in trucks and murdered from machine guns fire. Some individuals were executed in DL Soldau camp itself — in the basements of one of camp’s buildings. There they were killed with single shots to the head and bodies were subsequently buried in Komorniki forests. Altogether c. 1,500 people were murdered then, including c. 26. Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.07.31]
)

KL Soldau: KL Soldau concentration camp (in modern Działdowo city) — since the pre–war Polish Działdowo county was incorporated into Germ. Regierungsbezirk Allenstein (Eng. Olsztyn regency) the camp was located in occupied territories where general German law was in force, i.e. in Germany proper — was founded in 09.1939, when in former barracks of 32nd Infantry Regiment of Polish Army Germans set up a temporary camp for POW captured during September 1939 campaign. In autumn 1939 was also used as police jail. In 1939‑40 changed into niem. „ Durchgangslager für polnische Zivilgefangene” (Eng. Transit Camp for Polish Civilians), prior to transport to other concentration camps. In reality it was used then as a place of extermination of Polish intelligentsia within Germ. Intelligenzaktion genocidal program and extermination of sick and disabled within Aktion T4 program. Next in 05.1940 the camp was changed again into niem. Arbeitserziehungslager (Eng. Work Education Camp), and finally into penal comp for criminal and political prisoners, most of whom were sentenced to death. In 1939‑41 Germans imprisoned, maltreated and tortured in KL Soldau hundreds of Polish priests and religious. Approx. 80 priests, religious and nuns perished. They were murdered in the camp itself, by a shot into a head, or in places of mass executions in nearby forests — Białuty forest, Malinowo forets, Komorniki. Dates and precise locations of these murders remain unknown. Altogether in KL Soldau approx. 15,000 prisoners were murdered, including thousands victims — patients of psychiatric institutions (within Aktion T4 plan). (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

KL Hohenbruch: German concentration camp Germ. Konzentrationslager Hohenbruch and forced labour camp, mainly for Poles — e.g. captured during „Intelligenzaktion” — in operation in 1939‑44/5 in East Prussia, n. Konigsberg. Prisoners — a few thousands — slaved mainly at forest clearances and swamp draining. C. 200 perished murdered. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Springborn: In Franciscan monastery in Springborn (now: Stoczek Klasztorny) Germans interned and jailed many priests starting from 1938. In 1938 Austrian bishops were held captive there. In 1939, after German invasion of Poland, Polish priests from northern Poland were being held there prior to being sent to concentration camps. After 1945 commi–nazi authorities held Polish Primate, cardinal Stephen Wyszyński in the monastery. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.05.09]
)

Stalag I B Hohenstein: Stalag I B Hohenstein — POW camp n. Olsztynek (Germ. Hohenstein). One of the largest POW camps in Eastern Europe — during II World War up to 650,000 POWs were held (60,000 perished). Poles, French, Russians, Italians, Belgians and Serbians were held captive. First were the Poles brought there in the first days of 09.1939. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
mazowsze.hist.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]

bibliograhical:, „Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939‑1945”, Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, Włocławek–Płock 2002, „Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981,
original images:
radioolsztyn.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.08.06]

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