• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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  • KRESA Anthony - 1930s, Stryj; source: thanks to Mr Marius Greiner and Fr Błoński kindness (private correspondence, 04.03.2018), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRESA Anthony
    1930s, Stryj
    source: thanks to Mr Marius Greiner and Fr Błoński kindness (private correspondence, 04.03.2018)
    own collection
  • KRESA Anthony, source: echokatolickie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRESA Anthony
    source: echokatolickie.pl
    own collection

surname

KRESA

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • KRESA Anthony - Commemorative plaque, cenotaph, parish cemetery, Okrzeja, source: zastawie-netau.net, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRESA Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, cenotaph, parish cemetery, Okrzeja
    source: zastawie-netau.net
    own collection
  • KRESA Anthony - Cenotaph, parish cemetery, Okrzeja, source: zastawie-netau.net, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRESA Anthony
    Cenotaph, parish cemetery, Okrzeja
    source: zastawie-netau.net
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Siedlce diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]

Janów Podlaski diocesemore on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

Lublin diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Płock diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Sacred Theology

honorary titles

Gold „Cross of Merit”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

date and place
of death

31.03.1941

KL Auschwitzconcentration camp
today: Oświęcim, Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

details of death

During Polish–Russian war of 1919‑1920 chaplain of the Polish Army reserve (from 01.06.1919).

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II arrested on 16.09.1940 by the Germans in a group of more than 40 Poles, Polish clandestine resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ army members (part of Polish Clandestine State), mainly intelligentsia, including his vicar, Fr Vladislav Jaworowski, Fr Constantine Pabisiewicz and at least 2 other local priests.

Jailed in Adamów and Radzyń Podlaski prisons.

Tortured.

On 24.11.1940 in Castle prison in Lublin convicted by the German, murderous Sondergericht (Eng. special court) kangaroo court kangaroo court to death.

Next on 09.01.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp where was murdered in a mass execution of c. 80 Polish prisoners.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

19.01.1895

Miedniktoday: Stoczek gm., Węgrów pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

alt. dates and places
of birth

18.01.1895, 19.10.1895

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

29.06.1919

positions held

1929 – 1940

parish priest — Okrzejatoday: Krzywda gm., Łuków pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.13]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish ⋄ Żelechówtoday: Żelechów gm., Garwolin pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.13]
RC deanery

1927 – 1929

vice–rector — Janów Podlaskitoday: Janów Podlaski gm., Biała Podlaska pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Theological Seminary — also: lecturer

1925 – 1927

PhD student — Rometoday: Rome prov., Lazio reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ theology, „Angelicum”, i.e. [Lat. Pontificia Universitas Studiorum a Sancto Thoma Aquinate in Urbe / Eng. Pontifical University of St Thomas Aquinas (today); Lat. Pontificium Institutum Internationale / Eng. Pontifical International Institute (1926‑1963); Lat. Pontificium Collegium / Eng. Pontifical College (1906‑1926); Lat. Collegium / Eng. College (until 1906)] — dogmatic theology student

1922 – 1925

professor — Janów Podlaskitoday: Janów Podlaski gm., Biała Podlaska pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Theological Seminary — i.a. dogmatics, theodicy and liturgy

1922 – 1925

vicar — Siedlcetoday: Siedlce city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC cathedral church

1919 – 1922

student — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ theology, [Catholic University of Lublin KUL (since 1928) / clandestine Catholic University of Lublin KUL (1939‑1944) / University of Lublin (1918‑1928)] — Batchelor degree studies

1918 – till 1919

student — Janów Podlaskitoday: Janów Podlaski gm., Biała Podlaska pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

till 1918

student — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

student — Płocktoday: Płock city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

BOGUCKIClick to display biography Francis, CELIŃSKIClick to display biography Vincent, DRELOWIECClick to display biography Francis, JAWOROWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, KALINOWSKIClick to display biography Leo, KAZIMIERCZAKClick to display biography John, KOZAKClick to display biography Steven, MICHAŁOWSKIClick to display biography John, PABISIEWICZClick to display biography Constantine, PRUŚClick to display biography Alexander, SIDEWICZClick to display biography Simon

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 8671Click to display biography): German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL and Germ. Vernichtungslager (Eng. extermination camp) VL Auschwitz was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was Germ. Vernichtungslager (Eng. extermination camp) VL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Lublin (Castle): German penal and detention centre. Approx. 40,000 Poles were kept there prior to transport to German concentration camps. After German expulsion in 1944 Russian prison and next prison run by UB, Polish branch of Russian NKVD where thousands of members of clandestine resistance Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State, and National Armed Forces NSZ where jailed, tortured and murdered (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Radzyń Podlaski: German penal institution and prison and a number of transit camps, in which Germans in 1939‑1945 (especially in the initial period, during program «AB‑aktion» aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia) held thousands of Poles. (more on: www.rasil.home.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Ribbentrop‑Molotov Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so‑called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply Germ. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Polish‑Russian war of 1919‑1921: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik‑like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
pl.auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.echokatolickie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.echokatolickie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
, echokatolickie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]

original images:
echokatolickie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
, zastawie-netau.netClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, zastawie-netau.netClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

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MARTYROLOGY: KRESA Anthony

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