• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJAKliknij by wyświetlić to bio po polsku
  • KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew; source: „Suffering and love – Jesuit Servants of God – II World War martyrs”, WAM, Cracow, 2009, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŁUŻA Francis Matthew
    source: „Suffering and love – Jesuit Servants of God – II World War martyrs”, WAM, Cracow, 2009
    own collection
  • KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew, source: ruda_parafianin.republika.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŁUŻA Francis Matthew
    source: ruda_parafianin.republika.pl
    own collection
  • KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew, source: ruda_parafianin.republika.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŁUŻA Francis Matthew
    source: ruda_parafianin.republika.pl
    own collection
  • KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew - Francis Kucharczak, contemporary image; source: from: „Witnesses of truth of this land”, John Kochel, Opole, 2016 (docplayer.pl), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŁUŻA Francis Matthew
    Francis Kucharczak, contemporary image
    source: from: „Witnesses of truth of this land”, John Kochel, Opole, 2016 (docplayer.pl)
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

KAŁUŻA

forename(s)

Francis Matthew (pl. Franciszek Mateusz)

  • KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew - Commemorative plaque, St Mary Magdalene parish church, Cieszyn, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŁUŻA Francis Matthew
    Commemorative plaque, St Mary Magdalene parish church, Cieszyn
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew - Commemorative plaque, Jesuits church, Cracow, Kopernika str., source: www.sowiniec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŁUŻA Francis Matthew
    Commemorative plaque, Jesuits church, Cracow, Kopernika str.
    source: www.sowiniec.com.pl
    own collection
  • KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŁUŻA Francis Matthew
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew - Commemorative plaque, Finucaine Center, Rockhurst Jesuit University, Kansas City, source: college.holycross.edu, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŁUŻA Francis Matthew
    Commemorative plaque, Finucaine Center, Rockhurst Jesuit University, Kansas City
    source: college.holycross.edu
    own collection
  • KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew - Commemorative plaque, Holy Ghost church, Nowy Sącz, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŁUŻA Francis Matthew
    Commemorative plaque, Holy Ghost church, Nowy Sącz
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of Jesus (Jesuits - SI)more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Southern Poland province SI
Katowice diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Wrocław archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

Gold „Cross of Merit”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

date and place of death

19.01.1941

KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2016.05.30]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 03.11.1939.

Imprisoned in Cieszyn jail.

In 04.1940 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp and next on 14.12.1940 brought to KL Dachau concentration camp where was tortured and perished totally exhausted in camps' „hospital”.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

18.09.1877

Kowaletoday: Skoczów gm., Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

religious vows

02.02.1932 (last)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22(23).07.1903 (Wrocławtoday: Wrocław city pow., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
)

positions held

superior of Jesuit residence and administrator of Sacred Heart of Jesus parish in Cieszyn (1938‑9), f. superior of Jesuit residence and parish priest of Our Lady of the Rosary parish in Ruda Śląska (1933‑8), f. superior of St Peter and St Paul in Lviv (1930‑3), Bucharest (1929‑30), St Barbara in Kraków (1926‑9) Jesuit residences, f. deputy superior of Jesuit residence and director of Benedictine Sisters' school in Staniątki (1925‑6), f. friar at Stanisławów monastery — operarius and catechist, f. retreat preacher for Silesia clergy, f. moderator of Catholic associations in Kraków, f. friar at Czechowice monastery (1922‑3) — third probate, novitiate in Stara Wieś monastery (1921‑2), in Congregation in Stara Wieś monastery from 25.09.1921, f. chancellor and general councilor of Austrian Silesia Vicariate in Cieszyn (1908‑21), f. vicar of Blessed Virgin Mary parish in Łazy (1903‑8), f. theology and philosophy student at Higher Theological Seminary in Widnawa (till 1903)

others related in death

ADAMECKIClick to display biography Joseph, BARABASZClick to display biography John Nepomucene, GALOCZClick to display biography Clement, KAŁUŻAClick to display biography Charles, KUKLAClick to display biography Stanislaus, KULAClick to display biography Joseph, OLSZAKClick to display biography Henry, PAŹDZIORAClick to display biography Augustine, SZYMECZEKClick to display biography Frederick, TOMANEKClick to display biography Rudolph, WRZOŁClick to display biography Louis, KNYPSClick to display biography Louis, MAROSZClick to display biography John, PŁOSZEKClick to display biography Rudolph, SOSNAClick to display biography Charles

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22748Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 18319): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

Cieszyn: Remand jail run by German political police Gestapo — in the southern part (today: Czech) of town — and investigative prison — in northern (Polish) side, on the other bank of Olza river — run by Germans. In 1940 the prisoners were initially held in Cieszyn jail but next, due to an overcrowding, taken to former Josef and Jacob Kohn furniture manufacturing plant, by Frydecka Str. and Jabłonkowa Str. junction on the southern bank of Olza, where a transit camp was set up. The prisoners — more than 1,000 Poles went through the camp — were interrogated and whipped with horsewhips, prior to being sent to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: A planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940, aiming at total Germanisation of the region. The relevant decree, no IV–D2–480/40, was issued by the RSHA, i.e. Germ. Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Eng. Reich Security Office), and signed by Heinrich Himmler or Reinhard Heydrich. Some of those arrested were murdered in mass executions, some were deported to the German–run General Governorate, and some were sent to concentration camps. The personal details of 3,047 people deported within two months of 1940 were established. Among the victims were 33 Catholic priests, 22 of whom perished in concentration camps (the clergy were sent — in 5 transports — first to KL Dachau, and then to KL Gusen, where they slaved in quarries). Altogether, the Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of the Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
ruda_parafianin.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.jezuici.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.ceeol.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.11.07]
, www.bsip.miastorybnik.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.11.07]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, archive.todayClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]

bibliograhical:, „Jesuits on Polish and Lithuanian territory knowledge encyclopedia, 1564‑1995”, Fr Louis Grzebień SI (editor), WAM Printing House, Cracow 1996,
original images:
ruda_parafianin.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, ruda_parafianin.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, docplayer.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.02.15]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]
, www.sowiniec.com.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
, college.holycross.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]

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