St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
displayClick to display full list
searchClick to search full list by categories
wyświetlKliknij by wyświetlić pełną listę po polsku
szukajKliknij by przeszukać listę wg kategorii po polsku
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
po polskuKliknij by wyĹ›wietliÄ‡ to bio po polsku
Paul (pl. Paweł)
Hillary (pl. Hilary)
John Paul IImore on
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Order of the Brothers of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (Carmelites - OCarm)more on
Bachelor of Theology
date and place of death
KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria, Germany
alt. dates and places of death
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 12.1940 — voluntarily went to German political police station to offer himself for one his friars previously arrested by the Germans.
His wish was heeded — Germans agreed to arrest him instead.
Jailed in Montelupich Str. prison in Kraków.
Next transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp and from there to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
Finally on 09.09.1941 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp — by train through 09.09.1941 Berlin – Halle (Saale), 11.09.1941 Halle (Saale) – Leipzig, 17.09.1941 Leipzig – Hof, 18.09.1939 Hof – Nuremberg, 19.09.1941 Nuremberg – Munich — where arrived on 19.09.1941.
There after three years volunteered to minister to the sick with typhoid in the camp's „hospital” — together with him c. 32 other Polish priests volunteered, among them Fr Stephen Vincent Frelichowski who was the inspiration behind this ministry, Fr Sigismund Mikołajewski, Fr George Stanislaus Musiał, Fr Joseph Zapłata, Fr Stephen Zielonka and at least one German priest, Fr Richard Henkes — contracted typhoid himself and perished.
cause of death
extermination: exhaustion, starvation, typhus
date and place of birth
Krajenkitoday: Kęsowo gm., Tuchola pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
presbyter (holy orders)/
15.07.1934 (Rometoday: Rome prov., Lazio reg., Italy
others related in death
FRELICHOWSKIClick to display biography Steven Vincent, HENKESClick to display biography Richard, MIKOŁAJEWSKIClick to display biography Sigismund, MUSIAŁClick to display biography George Stanislaus, ZAPŁATAClick to display biography Joseph (Bro. Dominic), ZIELONKAClick to display biography Steven, KOZAClick to display biography Michael (Fr Leo)
camps (+ prisoner no)
KL Dachau (prisoner no: 27648Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.05.30)
KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 37088): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.11.18)
KL Auschwitz: German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.07.06)
Cracow (Montelupich): Cracow penal prison, during occupation run by the Germans — from 28.02.1941 by Germ. Geheime Staatspolizei (Eng. Secret State Police, known as Gestapo. In 1940‑4 Germans jailed there approx. 50,000 prisoners, mainly Poles and Jews. Some of them were transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp, some were executed. After cease in war effort the prison was used by UB — a Polish unit of Russian NKVD — as a prison for Polish independence resistance fighters, some of which were subsequently sent to prisons and slave labour camps in Russia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.10.31)
General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.12.04)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23, www.karmel.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23,
www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, krakowianie1939-56.mhk.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.08.10, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.krakow.karmelici.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, carmelites.infoClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09, www.sw-stanislaw.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19, www.bj.uj.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.05.19, www.szczecin.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.09.21
If you have an Email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at WikipediaPatrz:
en.wikipedia.org, among others — try the link below, please:
LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATORClick and try to call your own Email client
If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:
giving the following as the subject:
MARTYROLOGY: JANUSZEWSKI Paul
To return to the biography press below:
Click to return to biography