• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • GRABOWSKI Sigismund; source: thanks to Ms John Henry Karkocha's kindness (private correspondence, 07.09.2020), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRABOWSKI Sigismund
    source: thanks to Ms John Henry Karkocha's kindness (private correspondence, 07.09.2020)
    own collection

surname

GRABOWSKI

forename(s)

Sigismund (pl. Zygmunt)

  • GRABOWSKI Sigismund - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRABOWSKI Sigismund
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • GRABOWSKI Sigismund - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRABOWSKI Sigismund
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Lutsk-Zhytomyr diocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place
of death

10.08.1942

TA HartheimSchloss Hartheim „euthanasia” center
today: Alkoven, Eferding dist., Salzburg state, Austria

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.18]

alt. dates and places
of death

12.09.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

details of death

On 28.04.1939 nominated chaplain of the Polish Army reserve.

In 08.1939 mobilized into Polish Army.

During German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, after start of the World War II, chaplain of the 12th Podole Cavalry Regiment of Volyn Cavalry Brigade.

After September 1939 defeat avoided arrest.

Unable to return to his diocese taken over by the Russians returned to his homeland and ministered as a vicar in Jędrzejów, in County hospital among others.

There participated in emerging Polish resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ (part of Polish Clandestine State) and there also arrested by the Germans on 11.06.1940.

Jailed in Kielce prison.

Next on 15.07.1940 taken to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp and from there on 14.12.1940 to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Finally totally exhausted brought in a so‑called „invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center and murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

25.08.1897

Jędrzejówform.: Andrzejów
today: Jędrzejów gm., Jędrzejów pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

10.06.1923 (Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
)

positions held

1939 – 1940

chaplain — Jędrzejówtoday: Jędrzejów Stary and Jędrzejów Nowy, Jakubów gm., Mińsk Mazowiecki pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
⋄ District Hospital

1936 – 1939

parish priest — Shumbartoday: Shumsk urban hrom., Kremenets rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.05]
⋄ Sacred Heart of Jesus RC parish ⋄ Kremenetstoday: Kremenets urban hrom., Kremenets rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.18]
RC deanery

c. 1932 – c. 1934

parish priest — Voytkevichytoday: Kamyane, Berezove hrom., Sarny rai., Rivne, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.05]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Sarnytoday: Sarny urban hrom., Sarny rai., Rivne, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.05]
RC deanery — prob. also chaplain of the „Voytkevichy” border company, part of the „Polesia” Brigade of the Border Protection Corps KOP

c. 1930 – c. 1931

parish priest — Kholonevychitoday: Kholonevychi hrom., Lutsk rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.05]
⋄ RC parish ⋄ Rivnetoday: Rivne urban hrom., Rivne rai., Rivne, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1926 – 1930

parish priest — Rafalivkatoday: Rafalivka hrom., Varash rai., Rivne, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.05]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish ⋄ Sarnytoday: Sarny urban hrom., Sarny rai., Rivne, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.05]
RC deanery — also: prefect of elementary schools

c. 1926 – 1930

administrator — Chortoryisktoday: Manevychi hrom., Kamin‑Kashyrskyi rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.05]
⋄ RC parish ⋄ Sarnytoday: Sarny urban hrom., Sarny rai., Rivne, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.05]
RC deanery — acting („ad interim”)

c. 1925 – 1926

treasury officer / procurator — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Theological Seminary

c. 1925 – 1926

notary — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Office, Diocesan Curia ⋄ Office, Diocesan Curia

1923 – 1925

prefect — Koveltoday: Kovel urban hrom., Kovel rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
⋄ Julius Słowacki's State Gymnasium ⋄ St Anne RC parish ⋄ Koveltoday: Kovel urban hrom., Kovel rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
RC deanery

1920 – 1923

student — Gnieznotoday: Gniezno urban gm., Gniezno pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Archbishop's Practical Theological Seminary (Lat. Seminarium Clericorum Practicum) ⋄ philosophy and theology, Archbishop's Practical Theological Seminary (Lat. Seminarium Clericorum Practicum)

1919 – 1920

student — Olykatoday: Olyka hrom., Lutsk rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary ⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary — also: for some time in Tarnów Theological Seminary

1919 – 1920

student — Olykatoday: Olyka hrom., Lutsk rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary ⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary — also: for some time in Tarnów Theological Seminary

till 1919

student — Kielcetoday: Kielce city pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

ABTClick to display biography Steven, AKSMANClick to display biography Julius Felician, ANDRZEJEWSKIClick to display biography Casimir, BĄKClick to display biography John Baptist, BIELOWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, CEPIELClick to display biography Charles, CHABERKOWSKIClick to display biography Steven, CHYCZEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, CISZAKClick to display biography Boleslav, CZAPCZYKClick to display biography Henry, DEMBOWSKIClick to display biography Casimir Marian Anthony, DETKENSClick to display biography Edward, DRAPIEWSKIClick to display biography Theodore Hillary, DRZEWIECKIClick to display biography Francis, DYJAClick to display biography Edward, DZIENISZClick to display biography Leo, FALKOWSKIClick to display biography Theophilus, GABRYELSKIClick to display biography Thaddeus Narcissus, GRZESITOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislav, GRZYMAŁAClick to display biography Edward, GUTOWSKIClick to display biography Leo, GZELClick to display biography Eugene Henry, HERMAŃCZYKClick to display biography Oscar Louis Ignatius, JARANOWSKIClick to display biography Boleslav Ignatius, KAZIMIEROWICZClick to display biography Henry Maximilian, KLINClick to display biography Conrad Anastasius, KONSTANTYNOWICZClick to display biography Stanislav Peter, KORCZAKClick to display biography Valentine, KOSTRZEWAClick to display biography Nicholas, KOTELAClick to display biography Joseph, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Sigismund Marian, KOZIKClick to display biography Valentine (Fr Cherubin), KRĘCICKIClick to display biography Boleslav, KRZAKClick to display biography William, KURKOWSKIClick to display biography Leo Paul, LASKOWSKIClick to display biography Henry, MACIEJEWSKIClick to display biography Leo, MAKOWSKIClick to display biography Alexander Ceslav, MĄDRYClick to display biography John, MICHNIEWSKIClick to display biography Stanislav Thomas, MOLSKIClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen‑Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of «Aktion T4», the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocide Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
)

«Aktion T4»: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). At a peak, in 1940‑1941, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish Catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of «Aktion T4» was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22630Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL for Catholic priests and religious during World War II: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer‑SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. The priests were forced to slave labor in the Germ. „Die Plantage” — the largest herb garden in Europe, managed by the genocidal SS, consisting of many greenhouses, laboratory buildings and arable land, where experiments with new natural medicines were conducted — for many hours, without breaks, without protective clothing, no food. They slaved in construction, e.g. of camp's crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer, especially acute in 1941‑1942. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub‑camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

KL Sachsenhausen: In Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL Sachsenhausen, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑1944 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen‑Gusen and KL Bergen‑Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

Kielce: The prison at Zamkowa Str. in Kielce was opened in 1826‑1828. In 09.1939, after start of German occupation, under German control. Initially a POW camp and next prison run by German political police Gestapo. Till 1945 more then c. 16,000 prisoners were held there. Any time c. 2,000 were incarcerated, in space build for c. 400 people. Prisoners, in extremely cramped conditions, were starved, ill‑treated and murdered in prison, executed outside, transported to German concentration camps or deported to slave labour sites. Prison chapel Germans used as torture chamber. At the same time in 08.1941 (after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, do till the autumn of 1944 in Fijałkowski’s barracks in Kielce Bukówka district Germans set up a POW camp for Russian prisoners (branch of Stalag XII C „Kamienna” in Skarżysko‑Kamienna, later of Stalag 367 Częstochowa). According to one of the witnesses first 100 POWs were brought in 09.1941. A week later 4,500 more arrived and within a fortnight another 5,000. Following that the POWs were brought in groups of 500‑1,000. Altogether c. 15,000‑20,000 Russian POWs were held in the camp. POWs slaved at forest clearances, digging sewage ditches, at train loading. They got a hunger rations (as a result acts of cannibalism took place). Slept in unheated barracks. Were beaten and tortured (with wooden battons). Received to medical help. For any type of transgression they were penalized with execution. The camp was managed by the Germans and was supported by a camp’s militia, composed mainly by the Ukrainians. Only few hundred prisoners survived who in the autumn of 1944 were transferred to other camps. From 1945 in Russian Commie‑Nazi hands. Till 1956 many political prisoners, e.g. members of former restistance Home Army AK and National Armed Forces NSZ (part of Polish Clandestine State) where held camptive there. On 04‑05.1945 Polish partisans commanded by Mjr Anthony Heda attacked the prison and release c. 700 prisoners. (more on: www.chroniclesofterror.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.02.08]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.hdbg.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.duszki.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.andreovia.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.03.11]
, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]

bibliographical:
Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
original images:
www.katedrapolowa.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.16]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an Email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at WikipediaPatrz:
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, among others  — try the link below, please:

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MARTYROLOGY: GRABOWSKI Sigismund

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