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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • BIELOWSKI Joseph; source: thanks to Ms Helen Zięcik, Przedecz regional historian, kindness (private correspondence, 2021.04.14), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBIELOWSKI Joseph
    source: thanks to Ms Helen Zięcik, Przedecz regional historian, kindness (private correspondence, 2021.04.14)
    own collection

surname

BIELOWSKI

surname
versions/aliases

BIELAWSKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Włocławek ie. Kalisz diocese

academic distinctions

Doctor of Sacred Theology

date and place of death

10.08.1942

TA HartheimSchloss Hartheim „euthanasia” center
today: Alkoven, Eferding dist., Salzburg, Austria

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 26.08.1940.

Jailed in Szczeglin transit camp.

From there on 29.08.1940 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

On 14.12.1940 moved to KL Dachau concentration camp where slaved on field plantations.

From there — totally exhausted — transported in a so‑called „invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center where was murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

04.04.1895

Stróżetoday: Lubień Kujawski gm., Włocławek pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18

alt. dates and places of birth

04.04.1894, 05.05.1896

Przedecztoday: Przedecz gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01

Stróżatoday: Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22.06.1919

positions held

1939 – 1940

administrator {parish: Przedecztoday: Przedecz gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01
, Holy Family; dean.: Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
}

1939

librarian {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
, Prince Chodyńskis' book collection, Theological Seminary}

1937 – 1939

parish priest {parish: Bronisławtoday: Dobre gm., Radziejów pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, St Bartholomew the Apostle; dean.: Radziejówform.: Radziejów Kujawski
today: Radziejów gm., Radziejów pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16
}

1936 – 1937

parish priest {parish: Karnkowotoday: Lipno gm., Lipno pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, St Hedwig; dean.: Lipnotoday: Lipno gm., Lipno pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01
}

1935 – 1936

prefect {parish: Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
, St John the Baptist; dean.: Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
; parish}, e.g. private Ursuline Nuns' Women's Gymnasium and technical school

1932 – 1935

administrator {parish: Połajewotoday: Radziejów gm., Piotrków Kujawski pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16
, Holy Trinity; dean.: Radziejówform.: Radziejów Kujawski
today: Radziejów gm., Radziejów pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16
}

1928 – 1932

vice–rector {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
, Theological Seminary}, also: lecturer and librarian of the Seminary's library

1926 – 1928

prefect {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
, John Długosz's gymnasium}

1922 – 1926

PhD student {Lublintoday: Lublin city pow., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20
, Catholic University of Lublin KUL (since 1928), Catholic University of Lublin KUL — clandestine, underground (1939‑44), University of Lublin (1918‑1928)}

1921 – 1922

chaplain {Częstochowatoday: Częstochowa city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, Congregation of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth}

1920 – 1922

prefect {parish: Częstochowatoday: Częstochowa city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, St Sigismund the Martyr; dean.: Częstochowatoday: Częstochowa city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
}, Resurrectionist Sisters' gymnasium for girls

1919 – 1920

vicar {parish: Rozprzatoday: Rozprza gm., Piotrków Trybunalski pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.05
, Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr and St Bartholmew the Apostle; dean.: Gorzkowicetoday: Gorzkowice gm., Piotrków Trybunalski pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11
}

1914 – 1919

student {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

membership {Polish Prehistoric Society}

others related in death

ABTClick to display biography Steven, AKSMANClick to display biography Julius Felician, ANDRZEJEWSKIClick to display biography Casimir, BĄKClick to display biography John Baptist, CEPIELClick to display biography Charles, CHABERKOWSKIClick to display biography Steven, CHYCZEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, CISZAKClick to display biography Boleslaus, CZAPCZYKClick to display biography Henry, DEMBOWSKIClick to display biography Casimir Marian Anthony, DETKENSClick to display biography Edward, DRAPIEWSKIClick to display biography Theodore, DRZEWIECKIClick to display biography Francis, DYJAClick to display biography Edward, DZIENISZClick to display biography Leo, FALKOWSKIClick to display biography Theophilus, GABRYELSKIClick to display biography Thaddeus Narcissus, GRABOWSKIClick to display biography Sigismund, GRZESITOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, GRZYMAŁAClick to display biography Edward, GUTOWSKIClick to display biography Leo, GZELClick to display biography Eugene Henry, HERMAŃCZYKClick to display biography Oscar, JARANOWSKIClick to display biography Boleslaus Ignatius, KAZIMIEROWICZClick to display biography Henry Maximilian, KLINClick to display biography Conrad Anastasius, KONSTANTYNOWICZClick to display biography Stanislaus Peter, KORCZAKClick to display biography Valentine, KOSTRZEWAClick to display biography Nicholas, KOTELAClick to display biography Joseph, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Sigismund Marian, KOZIKClick to display biography Valentine (Fr Cherubin), KRĘCICKIClick to display biography Boleslaus, KRZAKClick to display biography William, KURKOWSKIClick to display biography Leo Paul, LASKOWSKIClick to display biography Henry, MACIEJEWSKIClick to display biography Leo, MAKOWSKIClick to display biography Alexander Ceslaus, MĄDRYClick to display biography John, MICHNIEWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus Thomas, MOLSKIClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.05.30)

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.10.31)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22668Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.05.30)

KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 29939): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.11.18)

Szczeglin: Transit and labour camp, operational from 01.10.1939 till 15.09.1940. Germans kept there approx. 4,600 Poles before transporting them to concentration camps. Among others on 29.08.1940 Germans sent from Szczeglin 188 Polish priests to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Approx. 150 of those held in Szczeglin were murdered — some in the camp itself, the others in an execution site in Świerkowice forest. (more on: www.dsh.waw.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.06.23)

26.08.1940 arrests (Warthegau): As part of strategy formulated by the Gaulaiter of German‑occupied Wartheland, Artur Greiser, implementing „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — policy, hundreds of Polish priests were arrested on this day. They were jailed, together with priests arrested previously and held in Ląd on Warta river camp, among others, in Szczeglin transit camp n. Mogilno. Three days later all were transferred to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)

sources

personal:
kujawsko-pomorskie.regiopedia.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.08.31, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23
bibliograhical:, Adalbert Drapiński, private correspondence, 01–02.2016, „Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947, „Register list of the Polish prisoners' transport to KL Sachsenhausen on 29.08.1940”, thanks to Ms Catherine Maciejak kindness, private correspondence, 03.01.2019

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