• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • FIBAK Peter, source: bip-files.idcom-web.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOFIBAK Peter
    source: bip-files.idcom-web.pl
    own collection

surname

FIBAK

forename(s)

Peter (pl. Piotr)

  • FIBAK Peter - Grave plaque, St Peter and St Paul cemetery, Gniezno, source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOFIBAK Peter
    Grave plaque, St Peter and St Paul cemetery, Gniezno
    source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Gniezno and Poznań archdiocese (aeque principaliter)
more on: www.archpoznan.pl [access: 2012.11.23]

honorary titles

honorary canon (Kruszwica collegiate)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of death

24.03.1945

Gniezno
Gniezno gm., Gniezno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland

details of death

After German invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II for the first time arrested on 21.11.1939 by the Germans. Jailed in Inowrocław prison. Next transferred to Ląd transit camp. In 07.1940 released. On 26.08.1940 arrested again and incarcerated in Błonie n. Inowrocław penal camp. After some time released. Next ministered in dozen or so parishes orphaned by Polish priests arrested by the Germans. In 12.1944 arrested yet again. Perished in 1945, after liberation, in „Dziekanka” hospital in Gniezno, from wounds sustained and exhaustion.

cause of death

exhaustion

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

15.01.1880

Sulmierzyce
Krotoszyn pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland

alt. dates and places of birth

18.01.1880

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

13.12.1903 (Gniezno)

positions held

c. 1933–1945 — dean {dean.: Gniewkowo}
1931–1945 — parish priest {parish: Szadłowice, St Bartholomew; dean.: Gniewkowo}
1932–1939 — visitor / inspector of religion science {primary schools; Inowrocław county}
1914–1931 — parish priest {parish: Kamieniec, St James Apostle the Greater; dean.: Trzemeszno}
1911–1914 — parish priest {parish: Karmin, St Barbara the Virgin and Martyr and St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Pleszew}
1907–1911 — parish priest {parish: Sośnica, St Mary Magdalene; dean.: Pleszew}
1905–1907 — vicar {parish: Kcynia, St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Kcynia}
c. 1905 — vicar {parish: Inowrocław, parish church St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Inowrocław}
1904 — vicar {parish: Szczepanowo, St Bartholomew the Apostle; dean.: Żnin}
chaplain {Inowrocław district, Polish Gymnastic Society „Falcon”}
till 1903 — student {Gniezno, philosophy and theology, Practical Theological Seminary (Lat. Seminarium Clericorum Practicum)}
student {Poznań, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Gniezno (Dziekanka): Institute and hospital for the mentally ill in Gniezno. In the period of 07.12.1939‑12.01.1940 a special German commando (special unit of German secret state police in Poznań „Sonderkommando SS”), as part of „Aktion T4”, murdered c. 1,200 of the hospital patients, mainly Poles and a few Jews. The victims were given injections with sedatives and muscle relaxants — women under breasts, men in the forearm — and thus duped were driven on closed lorries — c. 40 victims to a truck — out the hospital and city. During the trip they were murdered by the exhaust fumes or gassed — some trucks were equipped with bottles with poisonous gasses. Some of the bodies were prob. buried in the nearby Mielno and Nowaszyce forests, the other in Wierzyce forests. Later patients were murdered on the spot, in the hospital, by the German hospital staff — victims were given injections with death coming very fast. Altogether during 1939‑1945 Germans murdered in excess of 3,500 patients of „Dziekanka” hospital — apart from Poles and Jews also Germans from Hamburg, Rheinland and from Berlin vicinity. Prob. in 1943 Germans dug out the bodies buried in the forests and burnt them. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.27], www.dziekanka.net [access: 2013.12.27])

26.08.1940 arrests (Warthegau): As part of strategy formulated by the Gaulaiter of German‑occupied Wartheland, Artur Greiser, implementing „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — policy, hundreds of Polish priests were arrested on this day. They were jailed, together with priests arrested previously and held in Ląd on Warta river camp, among others, in Szczeglin transit camp n. Mogilno. Three days later all were transferred to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Ląd: In 1940‑41, in a formerly cistercian priory and monastery (today Salesian Institute) in Ląd on Warta river Germans set‑up a transit camp for Polish priests and religious, from Włocławek, Gniezno, Warszawa, Poznań, Płock and Częstochowa dioceses and religious and monks from a number of congregations. Approx. 152 religious (70 till 03.04.1941 and 82 in 6‑28.10.1941) were held there prior to being sent to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10], yadda.icm.edu.pl [access: 2016.03.14])

Inowrocław: Internment camp (Germ. Interniertenlager Thalerhof) for Rusyns and Lemkovs for Galicia and Bukovina, accused of „ Moscow sympathies”, set up by Austro–Hungarian Empire in war with Russian Empire, built n. Graz in Austria (on the lands Graz airport today is located on), and operational during I World War, from 04.09.1914 to c. 10.05.1917. Altogether 14,000 – 20,000, including more than 350 priest of Greek Catholic Church — prisoner were held captive. Prisoners were subjected to very harsh, inhumane conditions. During first year there were no barracks and internees had to sleep on the ground. Typhus and cholera outbreaks were noted. Austrians recorded 1.757 death cases. Other sources claim 3,000. Executions were also carried out there. (more on: www.inowroclawfakty.pl [access: 2013.05.19])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.inowroclawfakty.pl [access: 2013.05.19], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.wtg-gniazdo.org [access: 2012.11.23], www.gniewkowo.eu [access: 2016.05.30], www.archiwum.archidiecezja.pl [access: 2016.05.30]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
bip-files.idcom-web.pl [access: 2021.05.06], www.wtg-gniazdo.org [access: 2012.11.23]

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