• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • DRUŻBACKI Nicholas, source: ordynariat.wp.mil.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODRUŻBACKI Nicholas
    source: ordynariat.wp.mil.pl
    own collection

surname

DRUŻBACKI

forename(s)

Nicholas (pl. Mikołaj)

  • DRUŻBACKI Nicholas - Commemorative plaque, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist cathedral, Przemyśl, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODRUŻBACKI Nicholas
    Commemorative plaque, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist cathedral, Przemyśl
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • DRUŻBACKI Nicholas - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODRUŻBACKI Nicholas
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • DRUŻBACKI Nicholas - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODRUŻBACKI Nicholas
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Przemyśl diocesemore on
www.przemyska.pl
[access: 2013.02.15]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Canon Law

honorary titles

Expositorii Canonicalis canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

Rochettum et Mantolettum canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of death

11.09.1939

Lutsktoday: Lutsk rai., Volyn obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]

details of death

During World War I volunteer in Eastern Legion and next in Polish Legions (2nd Brigade 3rd Regiment 1st Battalion 1st Unit).

During Polish–Russian war of 1920 volunteer in 1st Artillery Regiment 2nd Division 4th Battery of Polish Legions.

Took part in defense of Przemyśl and Lviv from Russian invasion in 1920.

After German invasion of Poland in 09.1939 (before Russian invasion) and start of the World War II helped the wounded during German aerial raids on Warsaw.

On 07.09.1939 left Warsaw together with his bishop Gawlina who accompanied, in accordance with the Field Ministry Regulations, the Army Commander of the Polish Armed Forces.

During an aerial bombing raid in Lutsk mortally wounded by shrapnel bombs.

German bomb fell onto the Lutsk bishop gardens, took his arm out and cut his head off.

cause of death

shelling (bombardment)

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

11.07.1895

Wieliczkatoday: Wieliczka gm., Wieliczka pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22.05.1921 (Przemyśl cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

positions held

till 1939

chaplain {to Joseph Gawlina, the Field Bishop; also a secretary}

till 1939

secretary {Field Curia, Polish Army}

1936 – 1938

notary {Polish Army Field Curia}

1936

chaplain {parish: Dęblintoday: Dęblin miasto gm., Ryki pow., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Pius V; church: garrison church St Michael the Archangel; Command of the Corps District DOK No. I Warsaw, Polish Army; dean.: Stężycatoday: Stężyca gm., Ryki pow., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}

from 1936

chaplain {Polish Army}, from 19.03.1939 senior chaplain

c. 1932 – c. 1935

administrator {parish: Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Blessed Virgin Mary of Perpetual Help; dean.: Przemyśl citydeanery name
today: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
}

c. 1931 – c. 1935

vicar {parish: Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist; dean.: Przemyśl citydeanery name
today: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
}

c. 1931 – c. 1935

pro–synodal judge {Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Diocesan Ecclesiastical Court, Diocesan Curia}

1929 – 1930

prefect {Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Theological Seminary}, also: public elementary schools

c. 1929 – c. 1930

notary {Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Diocesan Ecclesiastical Court, Diocesan Curia}

1928 – 1929

treasury officer / procurator {Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Theological Institute}

1927 – 1928

vicar {parish: Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist; dean.: Przemyśl citydeanery name
today: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
}

1924 – 1927

PhD student {Rometoday: Rome prov., Lazio reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Pontifical University of St Thomas Aquinas (Lat. Pontificia Universitas Studiorum a Sancto Thoma Aquinate in Urbe) — „Angelicum” /since 1963/, Pontifical International Institute of St Thomas Aquinas (Lat. Pontificium Institutum Internationale Divi Thomæ de Urbe) — Angelicum /1926‑1963/, Pontifical College of St Thomas Aquinas (Lat. Pontificium Collegium Divi Thomæ de Urbe) — Angelicum /1906‑1926/, College of St Thomas Aquinas (Lat. Collegium Divi Thomæ de Urbe) – Angelicum /until 1906/}

c. 1924

notary {Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Office, Diocesan Curia}

1922 – c. 1923

secretary {Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Office, Diocesan Curia}, formally: notary II

1921 – 1922

vicar {parish: Gorlicetoday: Gorlice gm., Gorlice pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Biecztoday: Biecz gm., Gorlice pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
}

till 1921

student {Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Air raids 1939: During invasion of Poland commenced on 01.09.1939 Germans systematically attacked civilian targets. Many cities (Wieluń, Frampol, Warszawa, Lwów, Łomża, Puck, etc.) were bombed during air raids and totally destroyed. The hospitals and churches, visibly marked as such, were not spared. German planes also attacked columns of fleeing people on the roads, massacring them. It is estimated that c. 150,000–200,000 civilians were killed or murdered by the Germans in 09.1939. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—21: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.05.20]
)

sources

personal:
www.duszki.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.ordynariat.wp.mil.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, ordynariat.wp.mil.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]

bibliograhical:, „Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005, „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007, „Schematismus Venerabilis Cleri Dioecesis PremisliensisClick to display biography”, Przemyśl diocesa Curia, from 1866 to 1938,
original images:
ordynariat.wp.mil.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.08.14]
, www.katedrapolowa.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.16]

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