St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Anthony M. (pl. Antoni M.)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Society of Jesus (Jesuits - SI)more on
diocese / province
Greater Poland-Mazovian province SI
date and place of death
Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
details of death
In 07.1939 sent to Rome by Congregation.
Because of impending war outbreak returned however, prob. in 08.1939, to Poland.
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II ministered in German–run General Governorate.
Perished on the second day of Warsaw Uprising, in a basement of Warsaw monastery, pelted by German soldiers with grenades and machine‑gun bullets, during mass murder of Jesuits in their Congregation's house at Rakowiecka Str. in Warsaw.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Zaniemyśltoday: Zaniemyśl gm., Środa Wielkopolska pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
others related in death
BAJAKClick to display biography Felix, BOBRITZKIClick to display biography Clement, FUSClick to display biography Joseph, GŁAUDANClick to display biography Adam, GRABOWSKIClick to display biography Zbigniew, KOSIBOWICZClick to display biography Edward, LIBIŃSKIClick to display biography Herman, MADALIŃSKIClick to display biography John, ORZECHOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, PAWELSKIClick to display biography John, SZYMANIAKClick to display biography Francis, ŚWIĘCICKIClick to display biography Ceslaus, TOMASZEWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, WIĄCEKClick to display biography Vladislav, WILCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Henry, WRÓBLEWSKIClick to display biography Mieczyslav Felix
camps (+ prisoner no)
Warsaw (Jesuit monastery, Rakowiecka st.): On 02.08.1944, the second day of Warsaw Uprising Germans, murdered in the Jesuit monastery in Warsaw on Rakowiecka Str. 44 people, including 16 Jesuits. Most of them died in a basement pelted with grenades and machine‑gun bullets. After the atrocity Germans doused the bodies with gasoline and set fire on them. (more on: www.info-pc.home.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19)
Warsaw Uprising: Lasted from 01.08.1944 till 03.10.1944. Was an attempt to liberate Polish capital from occupying Germans by the Polish Clandestine State — a unique in the history of the world political structure on the territories occupied by the Germans, effectively governing clandestinely in Poland — and by fighting on its behalf underground military units, mainly of Home Army (former Armed Struggle Association ZWZ) and National Armed Forced (NSZ). At the same time Russians stopped on purpose the offensive on all front, halted on the other bank of Vistula river and watched calmly the annihilation of the city, refusing even the mid–landing rights to the Allied planes carrying weapons and supplies to the insurgents from Italy. During the Uprising Germans murdered approx. 200,000 Poles, mainly civilians. Approx. 200 priests and nuns died in fighting or were murdered by the Germans, many in mass executions. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.08.17)
General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.12.04)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
www.bj.uj.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23, college.holycross.eduClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23, naszaprzeszlosc.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.03.25, www.info-pc.home.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19, archive.todayClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19
bibliograhical:, „Jesuits on Polish and Lithuanian territory knowledge encyclopedia, 1564‑1995”, Fr Louis Grzebień SI (editor), WAM Printing House, Cracow 1996, „A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965,
www.sowiniec.com.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.03.14, college.holycross.eduClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.05.19, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09
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