St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Peter (pl. Piotr)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
date and place of death
KL Sachsenhausenconcentration camp
today: Sachsenhausen–Oranienburg, Oberhavel dist., Brandenburg, Germany
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 01.11.1939 in Nowiny.
Tortured. Managed to escape.
Hid in Lublin working in Polish Red Cross.
Captured by the Germans in a street round–up.
On c. 01.07.1940 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp (prisoner at barrack no 65).
There slaved at brick factory known as „Klinkenwerk” (till c. 20.10.1941), among others.
There perished — formal cause: „heart failure, bronchopneumonia”.
cause of death
extermination: exhaustion, starvation, disease
date and place of birth
Eišiškėstoday: Šalčininkai dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
alt. dates and places of birth
Prob. a friar of a St Paschalis Congregation founded by Bro.
Stanislaus Szelest, statute of which was recognized by Lublin bishop.
others related in death
SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Felix
camps (+ prisoner no)
KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 026436): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.11.18)
Street round-up: Ambush method used by Germans to capture a larger number of random passers on the streets of occupied Polish towns and cities in order to imprison them (that sometimes ended with public executions), resettle, sent to concentration camps or to a forced labor in Germany. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.04.18)
General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.12.04)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
www.niedziela.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2020.10.02, www.straty.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.30
bibliograhical:, „Sachsenhausen Memorial and Museum Archives (Germ. Gedenkstätte und Museum Sachsenhausen Achiv)”, Ms Monica Liebscher, private correspondence, 04.12.2020
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