• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
LINK to Nu HTML Checker

full list:

displayClick to display full list

wyświetlKliknij by wyświetlić pełną listę po polsku


Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

po polskuKliknij by wyświetlić to bio po polsku

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJAKliknij by wyświetlić to bio po polsku
  • BERNHEIM Wolfgang (Bro. Paul) - 1940, source: gedenkbuch-augsburg.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBERNHEIM Wolfgang (Bro. Paul)
    1940
    source: gedenkbuch-augsburg.de
    own collection
  • BERNHEIM Wolfgang (Bro. Paul), source: jmaugsburg.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBERNHEIM Wolfgang (Bro. Paul)
    source: jmaugsburg.de
    own collection

surname

BERNHEIM

forename(s)

Wolfgang

religious forename(s)

Paul (pl. Paweł)

function

laybrother

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Saint Benedict OSBmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Benedictines, Black Monks)

nationality

Jewish

date and place
of death

10.1942

ZL Sakrauslave labour camp
today: Zakrzów, Gogolin gm., Krapkowice pov., Opole voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.05]

alt. dates and places
of death

11.1942, 30.04.1943

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after invasion of Holland by the Germany in 05.1940, arrested by the Germans on 26.08.1942 in nearby Vaals, where went summoned by the Germans — after the pastoral letter of the Dutch Catholic bishops of 28.07.1942 condemning the deportations of Dutch forced laborers and Jews.

Taken to Westerbok transit camp.

On 28.08.1942 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp in a transport of Jews from Holland.

In Koźle, c. 120 km from KL Auschwitz, taken out of the wagon and transported on a truck to the forced labor camp ZL Sakrau (on Koźle train station the Germans selected c. 8,000–10,000 strong Jews for slave labor).

Slaved in inhumane conditions in i.a. clearing trees and land for the construction of a motorway.

There perished.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

07.05.1923

Augsburgtoday: Augburg urban dist., Swabia reg., Bavaria state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]

positions held

1941 – 1942

novitiate — Mamelistoday: Vaals, Limburg prov., Niederlands
more on
nl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.05]
⋄ Mt. St Benedict (Nl. Sint–Benedictusberg) Abbey, Benedictines OSB

11.04.1941

accession — Benedictines OSB

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

ZL Sakrau: German Germ. Zwangsarbeitslager (Eng. forced labor camp) in Sakrau (today: Zakrzów). It operated from c. 15.10.1940 to mid‑1943, as part of the Germ. Dienststelle Schmelt (Eng. Office Schmelt), founded by the „Special representative of the Reichsführer SS for of the deployment of foreign labor in Upper Silesia”, SS‑Brigadeführer Albrecht Schmelt, who in Upper Silesia (later also Lower Silesia and the Sudetenland) managed a network of c. 177 forced labor camps and over 50,000 employees. Prisoners — mainly Jews, initially from ghettos in Będzin and Sosnowiec, then also Jews from Western Europe — supervised by the German SS and the Jewish Order Police, slaved, among others, on the construction of the Germ. Reichsautobahn (Eng. Reichs highway) Berlin–Wrocław–Kraków. Other Germ. Dienststelle Schmelt camps the Germans liquidated from 09.1943 to 07.1944. Most of the prisoners were murdered. (more on: sztetl.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.12.05]
)

KL Auschwitz: German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
thema.erzbistum-koeln.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.02.15]
, www.benediktinerlexikon.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.02.15]
, jmaugsburg.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.12.05]
, gedenkbuch-augsburg.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.12.05]
, gedenkbuch-augsburg.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.12.05]
,
original images:
gedenkbuch-augsburg.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.12.05]
, jmaugsburg.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.12.05]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an Email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at WikipediaPatrz:
en.wikipedia.org
, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATORClick and try to call your own Email client

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: BERNHEIM Wolfgang

To return to the biography press below:

Click to return to biographyClick to return to biography