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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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surname

SCHEBESTA

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of the Divine Word (ie. Verbite Fathers) SVDmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Verbites, Divine Word Missionaries, Steyler Missionaries)

date and place
of death

06.02.1944

between Hansa Bay and Wewak Baytoday: Bismark Sea, Pacific Ocean, Papua New Guinea

details of death

During World War II started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, after the outbreak of Japan–American war on 07.12.1941 and the Japanese attack on the islands, which were then a protectorate of Australia, and today belong to the state of Papua New Guinea (the fighting for the islands lasted from 23.01.1942 to 1945), arrested by the Japanese together with Bogia town and its vicinity inhabitants (including members of the mission house) — on the New Guinea island.

Perished from American bombardment of Japanese positions, when „Yorihime Maru” cruiser ship —vessel commandered by the Imperial Japanese Army for use as a passenger and cargo vessel and armed with anti–aircraft guns — was attacked while moving prisoners from Hansa Bay to Kairiru Island of the Wewak village on the mainland (c. 160 km t the north–east from Bogia mission house, along the coast of the mainland, of the Wewak village — a Japanese garrison was stationed there).

The ship was already under attack in Hansa Bay, from where it was sailing from — replied with fire, in the course of which prob. one of the three attacking US bombers was shot down.

When it reached the island of Kairiru, of the village of Turubu (today there is a Catholic church there) the ship was attacked by c. 12 bombers, which in half an hour neutralized the ship's anti–aircraft guns, killing some of the ship's crew and passengers.

Of the 138 arrested Catholics, 7 priests died with him, including bp Francis Wolf, Apostolic Vicar of Eastern New Guinea, 14 religious brothers, 28 nuns and many civilians, including children.

The damaged ship managed to reach and anchor in the nearby Wewak Bay.

cause of death

warfare

perpetrators

Japanese / Americans

date and place
of birth

18.01.1885

Pietrowice Wielkietoday: Pietrowice Wielkie gm., Racibórz pov., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

religious vows

1907 (last)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1910

positions held

c. 1911 – 1944

priest — Bogiatoday: Bogia dist., Madang prov., Papua New Guinea
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.10.06]
⋄ Missionhouse, Verbites SVD — missionary of the entire Bogia district; translator and publisher of the Catholic Church's catechism and biblical history in the local Bogia dialect

others related
in death

ROMAŃSKIClick to display biography John

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
de.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]

bibliographical:
Opole Silesia clergy's martyrology during II World War”, Fr Andrew Hanich, Opole 2009

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