St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Congregation of the School Sisters of Notre Dame (School Sisters of Notre Dame - SSND)more on
date and place of death
Nysatoday: Nysa gm., Nysa pow., Opole voiv., Poland
details of death
During the final Russian winter offensive of 1945 of the World War II — started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 — left Opole on 18.01.1945 together with most the nuns of local convent and as part of the evacuation of the town moved to Nysa.
Nysa fall to Russians on 24.03.1945, and Russian occupation, marked by numerous gang rapes, beatings and maltreatment by Russians soldiers (in Nysa itself c. 27 other nuns were murdered) started.
There perished from numerous ordeals, in unknown circumstances.
cause of death
others related in death
STRIEGANClick to display biography (Sr Anicilla), NEUMANNClick to display biography (Sr Cordia), LEHNERTClick to display biography Amelia (Sr Hermenegilde), ONDRUSZClick to display biography (Sr Teondolinde)
camps (+ prisoner no)
Nysa (rapes): In 02‑03.1945 when victorious Russian troops were approaching Nysa Germans ordered evacuation of the town. But many old, infirm and wounded — tended to in hospitals among others — were unable to move. Many religious sisters decided to stay with them, mainly Elisabethan nuns. After fall of largely untouched by war town on 24.03.1945 Russians set alight historic city center. In a burning city drunken Russian soldiers initiated hunts for women. More than 150 nuns were raped and insulted, numerous times — some a few dozen — soldiers formed long queues to their victims. They did not spare 80 years old and even paralysed nuns. Those that attempted to defend were murdered on sight or tortured. In effect 27 nuns were slaughtered. Many of those that survived were deported to Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Mass rapes in 1945: During capture in 1944‑5 of pre–war German territories and territories incorporated into Germany in 1939 after German invasion of Poland Russian soldiers committed mass, often multiple, rapes on mainly German, but also Polish, women. Up to 2 mln women might have been violated, from 8 to 80 or more years old. Many were murdered as a consequence. Rapes were prob. tolerated if not encouraged by Russian military and civilian NKVD commanders. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
bibliograhical:, „Opole Silesia clergy's martyrology during II World War”, Fr Andrew Hanich, Opole 2009, „Opole Silesia clergy's martyrology during Silesian Uprisings and the II World War”, Fr Andrew Hanich, Opole 2019
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