St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Congregation of the Silesian Sisters Servants of Mary Immaculate Conception (Sisters Servants of Silesia - sł. NMPNP)more on
date and place of death
Dobratoday: Strzeleczki gm., Krapkowice pow., Opole voiv., Poland
alt. dates and places of death
Prudniktoday: Prudnik gm., Prudnik pow., Opole voiv., Poland
details of death
During the final Russian winter offensive of 1945 of the World War II — started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 — Russian on c. 26.01.1945 reached Krapkowice and its surrounds.
From that point on, for next two months a fierce battles raged around between Russians and Germans.
Prob. on 26.01.1945 Russians entered Dobra to be expelled next day by the Germans (Germans murdered then a dozen or so wounded Russian soldiers who did not managed to escape in time).
A day earlier though the Russians murdered the nun in the parish church, on the steps leading up to the choir — Russians behaved as everywhere then, committing numerous gang rapes, beatings and maltreatment of local population.
In Dobra they also murdered another nun, Sr Francisca Spałek.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Kozłówtoday: Sośnicowice gm., Gliwice pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
others related in death
SPAŁEKClick to display biography Francesca (Sr Silvina), GONSCHIORClick to display biography Hedwig (Sr Caritas), GÓRECZKAClick to display biography Josephine (Sr Pelagia), HAWLIKClick to display biography Helen (Sr Bertrama), JOJKOClick to display biography Francesca (Sr Thecla), LOHNERTClick to display biography Irmgard (Sr Jovita), PORSCHKEClick to display biography Anne (Sr Flavia), STANICZEKClick to display biography Agnes (Sr Secunda), RIEMELClick to display biography (Sr Aloisia)
camps (+ prisoner no)
Mass rapes in 1945: During capture in 1944‑5 of pre–war German territories and territories incorporated into Germany in 1939 after German invasion of Poland Russian soldiers committed mass, often multiple, rapes on mainly German, but also Polish, women. Up to 2 mln women might have been violated, from 8 to 80 or more years old. Many were murdered as a consequence. Rapes were prob. tolerated if not encouraged by Russian military and civilian NKVD commanders. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
bibliograhical:, „Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981, „Jesuits on Polish and Lithuanian territory knowledge encyclopedia, 1564‑1995”, Fr Louis Grzebień SI (editor), WAM Printing House, Cracow 1996
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