• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • ŻOŁNIEROWICZ Ignatius, source: catholichurch.ru, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŻOŁNIEROWICZ Ignatius
    source: catholichurch.ru
    own collection

surname

ŻOŁNIEROWICZ

forename(s)

Ignatius (pl. Ignacy)

  • ŻOŁNIEROWICZ Ignatius - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŻOŁNIEROWICZ Ignatius
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]

date and place of death

08.1937

KarLag labour camp
Dolinka, Karaganda reg., Kazakhstan

details of death

Arrested by the Russians on 22.11.1929 in Smoleńsk. On 10.04.1930 sentenced to 3 years exile in Kansk (Krasnoyarsk Krai). On 05.10.1930 arrested again and sentenced to 5 years of slave labour. On 05.12.1927 exiled to SLON concentration camps on Solovetsky Islands. In 1931 transferred to Anzer Island (part of SLON complex). There on 05.07.1932 again tried in Catholic priests held in SLON trial. Got sentence increased to 10 years in isolation from other Catholic priests. In 07.1934 released from camp and exiled to Rybinsk. In 08.1934 released. Returned to Smolensk. There in the beginning of 1936 arrested again. On 01.02.1936 sentenced to 5 years of slave labour again by a genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as „Troika NKVD”). Transported to KarLag slave labour concentration camp (part of Gulag complex) where perished. On 28.06.1938 Polish Red Cross was informed about his death.

alt. details of death

Possibly murdered during Russian genocide of Poles living in Russia in 1937.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

07.11.1890

Babariki
Vitebsk reg., Belarus

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1915

positions held

1934–1936 — administrator {parish: Smolensk}
1928–1929 — administrator {parish: Smolensk}
1925–1928 — administrator {parish: Moscow, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary}
1925 — administrator {parish: Święciłowicze; dean.: (Mogilev, Horki)}
1921–1925 — administrator {parish: Orsha}
1916–1921 — prefect {parish: Rybinsk; school(s) in the parish}
1915 — vicar {parish: Smolensk}
till 1915 — student {Sankt Petersburg, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

ZARYCKI Alexander, DIDŽIOKAS Vladislav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

KarLag: Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp n. Karaganda in Kazakhstan. One of the largest in Gulag penal system, operational in 1930‑59 (though even later parts of the camp were used as a new concentration camp and prison). Stretched over 300 by 200 km, centered in Dolinka village, c. 45 km from Karaganda. One of the goals was creation a large food base for the developing coal and metallurgical industries of Kazakhstan. 10,000 to 65,000 (in 1949) prisoners — including women and children many of whom perished — were held in the camp at any one time. In total over 1,000,000 inmates slaved in KarLag over its history. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.10.13])

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Trial of 05.07.1932: Russian trial of Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands and Anzer Island, accused of „creation of an anti–Russian group that conducted anti–Russian agitation, clandestinely celebrated Mass and religious rites and maintained an illegal contact with a free worker for purposes of transmitting abroad information of an espionage character about the situation of Catholics in the Russia”. The prisoners were given prolonged sentences in concentration camp and spread them among the various Gułag camps.

AnzerLag: Russian concentration camp on the Anzer Island on White Sea. On the Island, 47 km2, belonging to Solovetsky Islands archipelago, Russians organised one of the first concentration camps in Russia (part of Solovetsky Islands concentratoin camp). In 1930ties c. 32 Catholic priests were held there most of who perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], crusader.org.ru [access: 2016.03.14], nekropole.info [access: 2016.03.14], ru.openlist.wiki [access: 2020.10.25]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
catholichurch.ru [access: 2016.03.14], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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