St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Fritz (pl. Fryc)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans, Minorites - OFM)more on
date and place of death
KL Auschwitzconcentration camp
today: Oświęcim, Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
details of death
In 11.1938 attacked by Nazi Germans during Jewish pogroms.
Hid by Fr Rechmann in Dusseldorf.
On 01.03.1939 left Germany and moved to Rotterdam in Netherlands.
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation of Holland in 1940, arrested by the Germans on 02.08.1942 — after the Dutch bishop's pastoral letter from 26.07.1942 condemning deportations of Dutch workers and Jews — in Woerden, in his Dutch monastery.
Jailed in Scheveningen prison and Amersfoort and JDG Westerbork transit camps.
From there on 07.08.1942 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp where in KL Auschwitz II Birkenau subcamp murdered in a gas chamber.
cause of death
extermination: gassing in a gas chamber
date and place of birth
Wittentoday: Arnsberg reg., North Rhine–Westphalia, Germany
others related in death
BOCKClick to display biography Therese Christine Mary Clementine (Sr Charitas), LÖBClick to display biography Dorothea (Sr Mary Therese), LÖBClick to display biography Ernest (Fr Nivardus), LÖBClick to display biography George (Fr Ignatius), LÖBClick to display biography Lien (Sr Hedwig), LÖBClick to display biography Robert (Bro. Linus), LÖWENFELSClick to display biography Luise (Sr Mary Aloise), MENDES da COSTAClick to display biography Judith Henrietta, MICHAELISClick to display biography Else Sarah (Sr Miriam), REISClick to display biography Alice (Sr Mary Benita of the Cross), STEINClick to display biography Edith (Sr Therese Benita of the Cross)
camps (+ prisoner no)
KL Auschwitz: German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.07.06)
JDG Westerbork: Transit camp for Jews (Germ. Judendurchgangslager) set up by Germans in Westerbork in Drenthe province in Holland. Operational in 1942‑5. Each Tuesday, from 07.1942 till 09.1944 a transport was dispatched, mainly to KL Auschwitz II Birkenau (65 train loads, c. 60,330 people) and Sobibór (19 train loads; c. 34,313 people) death camps. Almost all were murdered. Altogether c. 97,776 people wre sent out from JDG Westerbork. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2020.06.02)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
www.communityjoodsmonument.nlClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.03.21, www.edith-stein-medien.deClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.03.21,
www.joodsmonument.nlClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.02.15, commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.02.15
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