• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • ROSENBAUM Fritz (Bro. Wolfgang), source: www.joodsmonument.nl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSENBAUM Fritz (Bro. Wolfgang)
    source: www.joodsmonument.nl
    own collection




Fritz (pl. Fryc)

religious forename(s)


  • ROSENBAUM Fritz (Bro. Wolfgang) - Commemorative plaque, Witten, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSENBAUM Fritz (Bro. Wolfgang)
    Commemorative plaque, Witten
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection




Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
[access: 2014.09.21]


Order of Friars Minor OFMmore on
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Franciscans, Minorites)



date and place
of death


KL Auschwitzconcentration camp
today: Oświęcim, Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland

more on
[access: 2022.01.09]

details of death

In 11.1938 attacked by Nazi Germans during Jewish pogroms.

Hid by Fr Rechmann in Dusseldorf.

On 01.03.1939 left Germany and moved to Rotterdam in Netherlands.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation of Holland in 1940, arrested by the Germans on 02.08.1942 — after the Dutch bishop's pastoral letter from 26.07.1942 condemning deportations of Dutch workers and Jews — in Woerden, in his Dutch monastery.

Jailed in Scheveningen prison and Amersfoort and JDG Westerbork transit camps.

From there on 07.08.1942 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp where in KL Auschwitz II Birkenau subcamp murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber



date and place
of birth


Wittentoday: Arnsberg reg., North Rhine–Westphalia state, Germany

religious vows

1940 (temporary)

positions held

1940 – 1942

friar — Woerdentoday: Woerden, Utrecht prov., Niederlands
more on
[access: 2022.10.15]
⋄ monastery („Het Klooster”), Franciscans OFM — printer

03.10.1939 – 1940

novitiate — Vlodroptoday: Roerdalen, Limburg prov., Niederlands
more on
[access: 2022.10.15]
⋄ St Louis of Toulouse monastery, Franciscans OFM — in monastery from 01.10.1939

others related
in death

BOCKClick to display biography Therese Christine Mary Clementine (Sr Charitas), LÖBClick to display biography Dorothea (Sr Mary Therese), LÖBClick to display biography Ernest (Fr Nivardus), LÖBClick to display biography George (Fr Ignatius), LÖBClick to display biography Lien (Sr Hedwig), LÖBClick to display biography Robert (Bro. Linus), LÖWENFELSClick to display biography Luise (Sr Mary Aloise), MENDES da COSTAClick to display biography Judith Henrietta, MICHAELISClick to display biography Else Sarah (Sr Miriam), REISClick to display biography Alice (Sr Mary Benita of the Cross), STEINClick to display biography Edith (Sr Therese Benita of the Cross)

murder sites
(+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz: German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]

JDG Westerbork: Transit camp for Jews (Germ. Judendurchgangslager) set up by Germans in Westerbork in Drenthe province in Holland. Operational in 1942‑1945. Each Tuesday, from 07.1942 till 09.1944 a transport was dispatched, mainly to KL Auschwitz II Birkenau (65 train loads, c. 60,330 people) and Sobibór (19 train loads; c. 34,313 people) death camps. Almost all were murdered. Altogether c. 97,776 people wre sent out from JDG Westerbork. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.06.02]

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]


www.communityjoodsmonument.nlClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]
, www.edith-stein-medien.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]
original images:
www.joodsmonument.nlClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.02.15]
, commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.02.15]


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