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    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

ZAJĄC

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

religious forename(s)

Alexander of St Joseph (pl. Aleksander od św. Józefa)

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Poor Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools SPmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Piarists, Scolopi, Escolapios)

diocese / province

Pinsk diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

date and place
of death

05.07.1942

Liubeshivtoday: Liubeshiv hrom., Kamin‐Kashyrskyi rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.12]

alt. dates and places
of death

05.08.1942

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and the start of World War II, after the start of the Russian occupation, ministered as rector of the monastery in Lubieszów and parish priest of the local parish — due to the departure of the rector of the monastery from Lubieszów together with the Polish army in 09.1939.

In 1940, evicted from the monastery by the Russians.

Settled in abandoned buildings of banned by the Russians Capuchin Fathers of the Easter Rite monastery, later at his Ukrainian acquaintance's place.

After German attack in 06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of the German occupation early morning taken out of his abode by the Germans — prob. denounced by Ukrainian nationalists of helping the persecuted Jews — marched to a nearby forest.

There forced to dig his own grave and murdered shot at the back of the head, together with group of local Jews.

alt. details of death

According to some sources, the reason for the arrest and murder was a help extended to a former soldier of the Russian army who, after the Russian defeat in 06.1941, was in hiding and collaborated with the Russian partisans formed by other Russian soldiers in hiding.

According to other assumptions, opposed the Germans' plans to use the church as a military warehouse.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans / Ukrainians

date and place
of birth

15.03.1906

Krościenko Niżnetoday: district of Krosno, Krosno city pov., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]

religious vows

1928 (temporary)
01.01.1932 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

20.04.1935 (chapel of the Bishop's Palace at 3 Franciszkańska Str. in Krakówmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.21]
)

positions held

1939 – 1942

rector and parish priest — Liubeshivtoday: Liubeshiv hrom., Kamin‐Kashyrskyi rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.12]
⋄ monastery, Piarists SP ⋄ St John the Evangelist RC parish ⋄ Ivanavaform.: Janów Poleski
today: Ivanava dist., Brest reg., Belarus

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
RC deanery — acting („ad interim”)

1937 – 1939

educator — Liubeshivtoday: Liubeshiv hrom., Kamin‐Kashyrskyi rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.12]
⋄ boarding hall, College, Piarists SP

1935 – 1937

educator — Rakowicetoday: part of District III Prądnik Czerwony and District XIV Czyżyny in Kraków, Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.21]
⋄ boarding hall, Scientific and Educational Institute, i.e. Fr Stanislav Konarski Private Gymnasium, Piarists SP

1931 – 1935

student — KrakówStare Miasto (Old Town) district
today: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Conventual Franciscans Order's Philosophical and Theological College, monastery (by the Transfiguration church), Piarists SP

1928 – 1931

friar — Rakowicetoday: part of District III Prądnik Czerwony and District XIV Czyżyny in Kraków, Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.21]
⋄ Scientific and Educational Institute, i.e. Fr Stanislav Konarski Private Gymnasium, monastery, Piarists SP — student of the last years of gymnasium, in 1931 culminating with matura exam

till 1928

novitiate — Shchuchynalso: Lithuanian Shchuchyn
today: Shchuchyn dist., Grodno reg., Belarus

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.17]
⋄ monastery, Piarists SP

from 1925

novitiate — Rakowicetoday: part of District III Prądnik Czerwony and District XIV Czyżyny in Kraków, Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.21]
⋄ monastery, Piarists SP

1925

accession — Piarists SP — robed on 19.03.1925

1923 – 1925

pupil — Rakowicetoday: part of District III Prądnik Czerwony and District XIV Czyżyny in Kraków, Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.21]
⋄ Scientific and Educational Institute, i.e. Fr Stanislav Konarski Private Gymnasium, Piarists SP

others related
in death

BORRELClick to display biography John (Fr of the Incarnation), KOWALIKClick to display biography Francis (Bro. Dominic of St Joseph Calasanctius), MOJSIJONEKClick to display biography Peter (Bro. Peter of the Holiest Heart of Jesus), SZOSTAKClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

«Genocidium Atrox»: In 1939‐1947, especially in 1943‐1944, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volyn and surrounding regions of pre‐war Poland, from 130,000 to 180,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish‐Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after World War I (in particular resulting in Polish‐Ukrainian war of 1918‐1919), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‐1941, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‐called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German‐Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volyn, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished in this holocaust — known as «Genocidium Atrox» (Eng. „savage genocide”) The nature and purpose of genocide is perhaps best reflected in the song sung by the murderers: „We will slaughter the Poles, we will cut down the Jews, we must conquer the great Ukraine” (ukr. „Поляків виріжем, Євреїв видусим, велику Україну здобути мусим”). This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‐1945 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‐South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‐Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: www.swzygmunt.knc.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.06.20]
)

Help to the Jews: During World War II on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered.

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‐occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Ribbentrop‐Molotov Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so‐called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply Germ. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.duszki.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.rp.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, pijarzy.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.12.21]
, www.kresykedzierzynkozle.home.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.13]

bibliographical:
Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‐45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‐1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
Mysterium iniquitatis. Clergy and religious of the Latin rite murdered by Ukrainian nationalists in 1939‐1945”, Fr Józef Marecki, Institute of National Remembrance IPN, Kraków 2020

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