• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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  • WOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus), source: prawy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus)
    source: prawy.pl
    own collection
  • WOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus) - Contemporary image, Zbigniew Kotyłło, cathedral, Lublin, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus)
    Contemporary image, Zbigniew Kotyłło, cathedral, Lublin
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • WOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus) - Contemporary image, source: klasztor.niepokalanki.edu.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus)
    Contemporary image
    source: klasztor.niepokalanki.edu.pl
    own collection

religious status

blessed

surname

WOŁOWSKA

forename(s)

Casimira (pl. Kazimiera)

religious forename(s)

Mary Martha of Jesus (pl. Maria Marta od Jezusa)

  • WOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus) - Monument, Pietralewicka Hill n. Słonim, Belarus, source: www.flickr.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus)
    Monument, Pietralewicka Hill n. Słonim, Belarus
    source: www.flickr.com
    own collection
  • WOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus) - Monument, Pietralewicka Hill n. Słonim, Belarus, source: www.flickr.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus)
    Monument, Pietralewicka Hill n. Słonim, Belarus
    source: www.flickr.com
    own collection
  • WOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus) - Commemorative plaque, Krakowskie Przedmieście str., Lublin, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus)
    Commemorative plaque, Krakowskie Przedmieście str., Lublin
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • WOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus) - Commemorative plaque,Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary cloister, Słonim, source: www.niepokalanki.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus)
    Commemorative plaque,Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary cloister, Słonim
    source: www.niepokalanki.pl
    own collection
  • WOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus) - Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin, source: www.szczecin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWOŁOWSKA Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus)
    Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin
    source: www.szczecin.pl
    own collection

beatification date

13.06.1999more on
www.swzygmunt.knc.pl
[access: 2013.05.19]

John Paul IImore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

function

nun

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM - SIC)more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

Gold „Cross of Merit”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

date and place
of death

19.12.1942

Petralevichitoday: Petralevichi 1 and Petralevichi 2, Pavlovo ssov., Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.01.18]

details of death

In 1920, during the Polish–Russian war, managed to evacuate c. 100 young children — poor, „short–cut in gray dresses, speaking with Ruthenian accent” — orphans from Volhynia and the surrounding area, from World War I, who „fell in love with to her as if she were a born mother” to the Congregation's convent in Szymanów near Warsaw.

After the Russian defeat in the Battle of Warsaw („miracle on the Vistula river”), returned in the fall of 1920to the ministry in Volhynia.

After the German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of World War II, after start of the Russian occupation, almost immediately evicted with her sisters from the main rooms of the monastery in Słonim, which the Russians turned into a children's hospital. Moved to little rooms in the attic.

Forbidden to wear habits.

A few were hired to work in the hospital as laundresses or orderlies.

Herself started working in the city gardens and digging potatoes.

In 04.1940 evicted from the rooms in the attic.

Lived secretly with friends.

After the German attack on 22.06.1941 on her former ally, the Russians, and the start of the German occupation, returned to Congregation's house, where the Germans organized a military hospital.

When the persecution of Jews began and a ghetto was established in Słonim, helped Jews, among others smuggling food.

Hid and gave shelter to the Jewish children in Słonim convent.

During the night of 18.12.1942 — after bloody liquidation of Słonim ghetto in 07.1942 — arrested by the Germans, together with Sr Bogumila Noiszewska, from Słonim convent, and Fr Adam Sztark, local Jesuit parish priest.

In the morning next day murdered by Germans and Belarus police collaborating with them in a mass execution.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans / Belarusians

date and place
of birth

12.10.1879

Lublintoday: Lublin city pow., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]

religious vows

03.07.1909 (permanent)

positions held

from 1939

superior {Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}

1934 – 1939

superior {Maciejówtoday: Lukiv, Lukiv hrom., Kovel rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.17]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}

1932 – 1934

superior {Jarosławtoday: Jarosław gm., Jarosław pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}

1929 – 1932

superior {Wirówtoday: Jabłonna Lacka gm., Sokołów Podlaski pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.17]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}, director of the Teachers' Seminary, founder of a primary school

1928 – 1929

superior {Nowy Sącztoday: Nowy Sącz pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}

1919 – 1928

superior {Maciejówtoday: Lukiv, Lukiv hrom., Kovel rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.17]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}, organizer of an orphanage for over a hundred children of various nationalities, a primary school, a 5‑year teachers' seminar for girls, transformed in 1936 into a private Queen of the Polish Crown girls' gymnasium, and a vocational school

1917 – 1919

nun {Jarosławtoday: Jarosław gm., Jarosław pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}, assistant

nun {Nowy Sącztoday: Nowy Sącz pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}, assistant

1907 – 1917

nun {various Congregation's Houses, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}, assistant

till 1907

nun {Yazlovetstoday: Buchach urban hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}

novitiate {Yazlovetstoday: Buchach urban hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}

postulate {Yazlovetstoday: Buchach urban hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}

04.11.1900

accession {Yazlovetstoday: Buchach urban hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
, Congregation's House, Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Sisters SIC}

biography (own resources)

Click to read biography details from our resourcesClick to read biography details from our resources

others related
in death

GROCHOWSKIClick to display biography Casimir, NOISZEWSKAClick to display biography Bogumila (Sr Mary Eve of Providence), SZTARKClick to display biography Adam

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Pietralewicka Hill: A small hill nearby Pietralewicze village by the Słonim town, place of German mass murders, mainly Jews, but also of local Polish intelligentsia. From 10,000 to 21, 000 victims might have been murdered there (or even as many as 42,000). (more on: www.sztetl.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.27]
)

Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.31]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence [...], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions [...] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”... Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.stankiewicze.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.02.15]

bibliograhical:, „A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965,
original images:
prawy.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.09.24]
, commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.09.24]
, klasztor.niepokalanki.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.09.24]
, www.flickr.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
, www.flickr.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
, www.niepokalanki.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
, www.szczecin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]

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MARTYROLOGY: WOŁOWSKA Casimira

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