• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • WILKANS Julian - 08.1936, Poznań, source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    08.1936, Poznań
    source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • WILKANS Julian - 08.1932, Poznań, source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    08.1932, Poznań
    source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • WILKANS Julian - 04.10.1931, Biedrusko, source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    04.10.1931, Biedrusko
    source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • WILKANS Julian - 19.11.1930, Poznań, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    19.11.1930, Poznań
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • WILKANS Julian - 01.1931, Poznań, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    01.1931, Poznań
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • WILKANS Julian - autumn of 1919, Bobruysk, Belarus, source: www.facebook.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    autumn of 1919, Bobruysk, Belarus
    source: www.facebook.com
    own collection
  • WILKANS Julian, source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org
    own collection

surname

WILKANS

forename(s)

Julian

  • WILKANS Julian - Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno; source: thanks to Mr. Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno
    source: thanks to Mr. Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness
    own collection
  • WILKANS Julian - Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno; source: thanks to Mr Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno
    source: thanks to Mr Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness
    own collection
  • WILKANS Julian - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • WILKANS Julian - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWILKANS Julian
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Gniezno and Poznań archdiocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.archpoznan.pl
[access: 2012.11.23]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

prelatemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

Papal chamberlainmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.22]

Officer's Cross „Polonia Restituta”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

Gold „Cross of Merit”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

date and place of death

05.12.1942

KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2016.05.30]

details of death

After outbreak of the World War I drafted into German army.

In 1914‑8 served as chaplain in Inowrocław.

Before the outbreak of Greater Poland Uprising 1918‑9 member of Clandestine Cross–Party Citizens Committee in Inowrocław that at the end of I World War, right before the Uprising, merged with Soldiers Council to form Polish independence Soldiers–Workers–Citizens Committee.

After Poland regained independence chaplain of the Polish Army from 01.06.1919.

Took part — as the chief chaplain of 1st Greater Poland Riflemen Division and chaplain of 1st Greater Poland Riflemen Regiment — in Polish–Russian war of 1919‑21 (among others in the autumn of 1919 was in Bobruysk in Belarus, captured by Polish troops in 08.1919 and held till the summer of 1920).

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation and arrest by the Germans of Fr John Szlachta in 1940, ministered in Niechanowo parish.

There himself arrested by the Germans on 01.10.1941.

Jailed in KL Posen (Fort VII) concentration camp and next on 10.10.1941 in Ląd transit camp.

Finally on 30.10.1941 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp, where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

18.12.1886

Oćwiekatoday: Gąsawa gm., Żnin pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

30.01.1910 (Poznań cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

positions held

1940 – 1941

administrator {parish: Niechanowotoday: Niechanowo gm., Gniezno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, St James the Apostle; dean.: Wrześniatoday: Września gm., Września pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
}

1921 – 1939

military dean {Corps District No. VII, Command of the Corps District DOK No. VII Poznań, Polish Army}

parish priest {parish: Jarząbkowotoday: Niechanowo gm., Gniezno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]
, St Martin, the Bishop and Confessor}

vicar {parish: Poznańtoday: Poznań city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Poznańtoday: Poznań city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

1911 – 1918

vicar {parish: Inowrocławtoday: Inowrocław gm., Inowrocław pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, main parish St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Inowrocławtoday: Inowrocław gm., Inowrocław pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

1910 – 1911

vicar {parish: Gnieznotoday: Gniezno urban gm., Gniezno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Holy Trinity; dean.: Gniezno – Holy Trinitydeanery name
today: Gniezno urban gm., Gniezno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
}

others related in death

SZLACHTAClick to display biography John, DADACZYŃSKIClick to display biography Roman Joseph, GORGOLEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, SMOLIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph Tomislav, TRZYBIŃSKIClick to display biography Valentine, WOJTYNIAKClick to display biography Ceslaus

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 28220Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

Ląd: In 1940‑41, in a formerly cistercian priory and monastery (today Salesian Institute) in Ląd on Warta river Germans set‑up a transit camp for Polish priests and religious, from Włocławek, Gniezno, Warszawa, Poznań, Płock and Częstochowa dioceses and religious and monks from a number of congregations. Approx. 152 religious (70 till 03.04.1941 and 82 in 6‑28.10.1941) were held there prior to being sent to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: yadda.icm.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

KL Posen: German Posen — Fort VII — camp founded in c. 10.10.1939 in Poznań till mid of 11.1939 operated formally as KL Posen concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager), and this term is used throughout the White Book, also later periods. It was first such a concentration camp set up by the Germans on Polish territory — in case of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) directly incorporated into German Reich. In 10.1939 in KL Posen for the first time Germans used gas to murder civilian population, in particular patients of local psychiatric hospitals. From 11.1939 the camp operated as German political police Gestapo prison and transit camp (Germ. Übergangslager), prior to sending off to concentration camps, such as KL Dachau or KL Auschwitz. In 28.05.1941 the camp was rebranded as police jail and slave labour corrective camp (Germ. Arbeitserziehungslager). At its peak up to 7‑9 executions were carried in the camp per day, there were mass hangings of the prisoners and some of them were led out to be murdered elsewhere, outside of the camp. Altogether in KL Posen Germans exterminated approx. 20,000 inhabitants of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) region, including many representatives of Polish intelligentsia, patients and staff of psychiatric hospitals and dozen or so Polish priests. Hundreds of priests were held there temporarily prior to transport to other concentration camps, mainly KL Dachau. From 03.1943 the camp had been transformed into an industrial complex (from 25.04.1944 — Telefunken factory manufacturing radios for submarines and aircrafts). (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.27]
)

06.10.1941 arrests (Warthegau): On 13.09.1941 Gaulaiter of German province Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland, in German–occupied Greater Poland (where German standard law was in force), Artur Greiser, implementing „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — policy issued a decree formally dissolving Catholic Church and forming in its place a Roman Catholic German National Church in Wartheland, an organization subject to a German private law. All the contacts with Vatican were forbidden. All the religion congregations were also dissolved. On 06‑07.10.1941 mass arrests of Polish Catholic priests took place. All were herded into Konstantynów or Ląd on Warta river transit camps or KL Posen concentration camp (in this case, the detainees were first registered, photographed and examined in the infamous Poznań headquarters of the German political police, the Gestapo, in the former Soldier's House). On 30.10.1941 most of them were transported to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—21: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Greater Poland Uprising: Military insurrection of Poles living in Posen Provinz (Eng. Poznań province) launched against German Reich in 1918‑9 aiming to incorporate lands captured by Prussia during partitions of Poland in XVIII century into Poland, reborn in 1918. Started on 27.12.1918 in Poznań and finished with total Polish victory on 16.02.1919 by a ceasefire in Trier. Many Polish priests took part in the Uprising, both as chaplains of the insurgents units and members and leaders of the Polish agencies and councils set up in the areas covered by the Uprising. In 1939 after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World war those priests were particularly persecuted by the Germans and majority of them were murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.08.14]
)

sources

personal:
www.wtg-gniazdo.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.archiwum.archidiecezja.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.10.13]
, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]

bibliograhical:, „Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981,
original images:
www.audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
, www.audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
, www.audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
, audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.08.14]
, audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.08.14]
, www.facebook.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, www.wtg-gniazdo.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.katedrapolowa.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.16]

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