• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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surname

OLSZEWSKI

forename(s)

Sigismund Constantine (pl. Zygmunt Konstantyn)

  • OLSZEWSKI Sigismund Constantine - Commemorative plaques, Holiest Heart of Jesus church, Turek; source: thanks to Ms Agatha Rola-Bruni's kindness (private correspondence, 09.11.2019), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOOLSZEWSKI Sigismund Constantine
    Commemorative plaques, Holiest Heart of Jesus church, Turek
    source: thanks to Ms Agatha Rola-Bruni's kindness (private correspondence, 09.11.2019)
    own collection
  • OLSZEWSKI Sigismund Constantine - Commemorative memorial, Holiest Heart of Jesus church, Turek; source: thanks to Ms Agatha Rola-Bruni's kindness (private correspondence, 09.11.2019), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOOLSZEWSKI Sigismund Constantine
    Commemorative memorial, Holiest Heart of Jesus church, Turek
    source: thanks to Ms Agatha Rola-Bruni's kindness (private correspondence, 09.11.2019)
    own collection
  • OLSZEWSKI Sigismund Constantine - Commemorative plaque, Theological Seminary, Włocławek, source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOOLSZEWSKI Sigismund Constantine
    Commemorative plaque, Theological Seminary, Włocławek
    source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Włocławek ie. Kalisz diocese

date and place of death

26.09.1942

KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2016.05.30

alt. dates and places of death

26.08.1942

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 06.10.1941 rmans.

Interned in Konstantynów transit camp.

On 30.10.1941 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where — totally exhausted — perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

21.03.1897

Małyńtoday: Zadzim gm., Poddębice pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18

alt. dates and places of birth

19.03.1897

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

13.06.1920 (Włocławek cathedral)

positions held

1938 – 1941

parish priest {parish: Wielenintoday: Uniejów gm., Poddębice pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, St James the Apostle and St Dorothy the Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Uniejówtoday: Uniejów gm., Poddębice pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
}

1931 – 1938

professor {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
, Theological Seminary}, church singing, also conductor of the church choir

1937

founder {music publisher, „Choir Library”}

1927 – 1930

student {Rometoday: Rome prov., Lazio reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, Pontifical Institute of Sacred Music (Lat. Pontificium Institutum Musicae Sacrae) /since 1931/, Pontifical College of Sacred Music /1914‑31/, Higher School of Sacred Music /1911‑4/}

1923 – 1927

curatus/rector/expositus {parish: Sieradztoday: Sieradz urban gm., Sieradz pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.05
, All the Saints; church: post–Dominican St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Sieradztoday: Sieradz urban gm., Sieradz pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.05
}, also: prefect of Urban Coeducational Gymnasium

1922 – 1923

professor {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
, Theological Seminary}, church singing lecturer; also: conductor of the church choir

1920 – 1922

vicar {parish: Rakówtoday: district of Częstochowa, Częstochowa city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, St Joseph the Craftsman; chapel: Our Lady of the Rosary; dean.: Częstochowatoday: Częstochowa city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
}

1914 – 1920

student {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

{composer, author of motets, mass music and songs}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 28281Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.05.30)

Konstantynów: Transit concentration camp set up on 05.01.1940 and operational till 16.08.1943. Polish prisoners from Greater Poland (Wielkopolska), Pomerania and central Poland were held there. Approx. 42,000 were interned, thousands of them perished out of which approx. 700 were identified. In 10.1941‑12.1941 approx. 450 Polish priests and religious from Częstochowa, Łódź and Włocławek dioceses and Poznań archdiocese were imprisoned there prior to transport to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19)

06.10.1941 arrests (Warthegau): On 13.09.1941 Gaulaiter of German province Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland, in German–occupied Greater Poland (where German standard law was in force), Artur Greiser, implementing „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — policy issued a decree formally dissolving Catholic Church and forming in its place a Roman Catholic German National Church in Wartheland, an organization subject to a German private law. All the contacts with Vatican were forbidden. All the religion congregations were also dissolved. On 06‑07.10.1941 mass arrests of Polish Catholic priests took place. All were herded into Konstantynów or Ląd on Warta river transit camps or KL Posen concentration camp (in this case, the detainees were first registered, photographed and examined in the infamous Poznań headquarters of the German political police, the Gestapo, in the former Soldier's House). On 30.10.1941 most of them were transported to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)

sources

personal:
pbp.sieradz.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23
bibliograhical:, „Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947,
original images:
pomniki.wloclawek.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2020.09.26

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