• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • NIECHAJ Michael, source: www.kul.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIECHAJ Michael
    source: www.kul.pl
    own collection

surname

NIECHAJ

forename(s)

Michael (pl. Michał)

  • NIECHAJ Michael - Commemorative plaque, execution site, Lublin Castle, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIECHAJ Michael
    Commemorative plaque, execution site, Lublin Castle
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • NIECHAJ Michael - Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John Evangelist archcathedral, Lublin, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIECHAJ Michael
    Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John Evangelist archcathedral, Lublin
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lublin diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Sacred Theology and Eastern Theology

date and place
of death

23.12.1939

Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]

alt. dates and places
of death

25.12.1939

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 09.11.1939.

Jailed in Castle prison in Lublin.

On 23.12.1939 — on Christmas Eve, because according to Canon Law, if 24.12 fell on Sunday, then the Christmas Eve was moved to the previous day — taken out of the cell.

Hit hard with a rifle butt.

Driven out of prison on a lorry, together with c. 9 Polish fellow prisoners: 2 judges, 2 lawyers, 1 professor at the Catholic University of Lublin (Fr Ceslav Martyniak), 2 starosts and 2 directors.

Murdered with them all at c. 17:00, in the old Jewish cemetery on Kalinowszczyzna in Lublin, probably by collaborating with Germans Ukrainian nationalists.

Apparently was still alive when buried in mass grave.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans / Ukrainians

date and place
of birth

26.07.1900

SzczebrzeszynBłonie district
today: Szczebrzeszyn gm., Zamość pov., Lublin voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1924

positions held

1929 – 1939

professor — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ Theological Seminary — also: director of library in the seminary

c. 1938 – c. 1939

lecturer — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ dogmatics, Catholic University of Lublin KUL [i.e. Catholic University of Lublin KUL (since 1928) / clandestine Catholic University of Lublin KUL (1939‐1944) / University of Lublin (1918‐1928)]

c. 1938 – 1939

editor — „Lublin Diocesan News

1934 – c. 1937

assistant — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ dogmatics, Catholic University of Lublin KUL [i.e. Catholic University of Lublin KUL (since 1928) / clandestine Catholic University of Lublin KUL (1939‐1944) / University of Lublin (1918‐1928)]

1935 – c. 1936

prefect — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ Lower Theological Seminary i.e. Bishop's Gymnasium

c. 1935

rector — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Victorious RC church ⋄ Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery

c. 1932 – c. 1934

prefect — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ Lower Theological Seminary i.e. Bishop's Gymnasium

1931

curatus/rector/expositus — Horodłotoday: Horodło gm., Hrubieszów pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC church ⋄ Our Lady of the Rosary and St Jack the Confessor RC parish ⋄ Hrubieszówtoday: Hrubieszów urban gm., Hrubieszów pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery

1924 – 1929

PhD student — Rometoday: Rome prov., Lazio reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ theology, „Gregorianum[i.e. Lat. Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana (Eng. Pontifical Gregorian University)] — Doctor of Sacred Theology degree conferred on 08.10.1927

till 1924

student — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

theological writer and ecumenical activist

author of i.a. Lat. „Oratio liturgica Pro defunctis in Ecclesia Russa Orthodoxa: exquisitio dogmatic” (Eng. „Liturgical prayer for the dead in the Russian Orthodox Church: a dogmatic examination”), Lublin 1933

others related
in death

CIEŚLIKClick to display biography Stanislav, GINTOWT–DZIEWAŁTOWSKIClick to display biography Peter, GORALClick to display biography Vladislav, HUNICZClick to display biography Anthony, KOSIORClick to display biography Vaclav Justin, LENARTClick to display biography John, MICHALEWSKIClick to display biography John, MYSAKOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislav Francis, OCHALSKIClick to display biography Zdislav Anthony, POBOŻYClick to display biography Anthony, SUROWSKIClick to display biography Dominic, SZYSZKOClick to display biography Louis, WOJSAClick to display biography Stanislav, ZAWISTOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Lublin (Castle): German penal and detention centre. Approx. 40,000 Poles were kept there prior to transport to German concentration camps. After German expulsion in 1944 Russian prison and next prison run by UB, Polish branch of Russian NKVD where thousands of members of clandestine resistance Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State, and National Armed Forces NSZ where jailed, tortured and murdered (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

11.1939 arrests (Lublin): As part of «Intelligenzaktion» — extermination of Polish leading classes — that in Lublin took form of Sonderaktion Lublin (Eng. Action Special Lublin) on 11.1939 c. 2,000 intellectuals from Lublin were arrested by the Germans. On 11.11.1939 Germans entered Lublin Catholic University KUL and arrested 15 professors and lecturers of Lublin Theological Seminary. On 17.11.1939 Lublin ordinary, Bp Marian Fulman, his deputy Bp Vladislav Goral and 11 other clerics were arrested. Curial building got robbed. In 11.1939 Germans formally closed KUL off, as well as Lublin schools and theatres. Altogether c. 100 clerics from Lublin and vicinity were arrested. All were locked in Castle prison in Lublin. On 27.11.1939 13 priests were sentenced by German Sondergericht (Eng. special court) to death. Those sentences were commuted later to life imprisonment. Most of the priests were on 04.12.1939 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp and from there to KL Dachau concentration camp. Many were murdered. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‐called General Governorate where it was called «AB‐aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‐occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Ribbentrop‐Molotov Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so‐called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply Germ. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
horajec.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, pl.scribd.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.straty.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, www.kul.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.08.14]

original images:
www.kul.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.10.13]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.08.14]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

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MARTYROLOGY: NIECHAJ Michael

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