• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • MARGENFELD Mary (Sr Mary Mauritia), source: newsaints.faithweb.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARGENFELD Mary (Sr Mary Mauritia)
    source: newsaints.faithweb.com
    own collection
  • MARGENFELD Mary (Sr Mary Mauritia) - Contemporary painting, source: katarzynki.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARGENFELD Mary (Sr Mary Mauritia)
    Contemporary painting
    source: katarzynki.org.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

MARGENFELD

surname
versions/aliases

MORGENFELD

forename(s)

Mary (pl. Maria)

religious forename(s)

Mary Mauritia (pl. Maria Maurycja)

function

nun

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the Sisters of st Catherine the Virgin and Martyr CSCmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Sisters of St Catherine)

diocese / province

Warmia diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.09.02]

nationality

German

date and place
of death

07.04.1945

Tula labour campGULAG slave labour camp network
today: Tula oblast, Russia

details of death

During the final Russian winter offensive of 1945 of the World War II — started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 — marked by numerous gang rapes, beatings and maltreatment of women by Russians soldiers, maltreated by them in Marian hospital in Olsztyn in 01.1945.

Beaten up with gun butts.

Driven on foot through town while Russian soldiers threw live electrical wires at her feet.

From 03.02.1945 jailed in Ciechanów transit camp and next transported out to Russia — with co‑nuns: Sr Cecilia Mischke and Sr Catherine Müller.

In Tuła took care of sick and wounded.

Soon perished.

alt. details of death

According to same sources perished in transport to a Russian slave labour concentration camp — prob. Osanovo–Dubovoye, where turf was mined.

cause of death

extermination: rape and murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

24.04.1904

Zawidytoday: Reszel gm., Kętrzyn pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

religious vows

20.10.1932 (last)

positions held

nun — Olsztyntoday: Olsztyn city pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
⋄ Congregation's house, St Catherine Sisters CSC — nurse and dietitian at St Mary's Hospital

nun — Berlintoday: Berlin state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ Congregation's house, St Catherine Sisters CSC

1927

accession — St Catherine Sisters CSC

others related
in death

ABRAHAMClick to display biography Mary (Sr Mary Rolanda), ANGRICKClick to display biography Rosalie (Sr Mary Sabinella), BOLZClick to display biography Mary (Sr Mary Generosa), BÖNIGKClick to display biography Agatha Euphemia (Sr Mary Adelgarda), DOMNIKClick to display biography Mary (Sr Mary Liberia), FAHLClick to display biography Hedwig (Sr Mary Caritina), KLOMFASSClick to display biography Martha (Sr Mary Christophora), MISCHKEClick to display biography Cecilia (Sr Mary Tiburtia), MÜLLERClick to display biography Catherine Elisabeth (Sr Mary Leonis), PESTKAClick to display biography Anne (Sr Mary Bona), RAUTENBERGClick to display biography Barbara (Sr Mary Secundina), ROHWEDDERClick to display biography Mary (Sr Mary Xaveria), SCHRÖTERClick to display biography Mary (Sr Mary Gebharda), SKIBOWSKAClick to display biography Claire Anne (Sr Mary Aniceta), STEFFENClick to display biography Dorothea (Sr Mary Gunhilde), WERMTERClick to display biography (Sr Louise), BASNERClick to display biography (Sr Silesia), WENGClick to display biography (Sr Eutropia), WITTClick to display biography (Sr Claire), SCHWARKClick to display biography Anne (Sr Vinciana), SLODOWSKAClick to display biography (Sr Eusebia), SCHLESIGERClick to display biography Erna (Sr Clementine)

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

TulaLag: Set of Russian concentration camps of forced slaved labour (part of Gulag penal system), in Tuła and Stalinogorsk region. There were at least two „filtration” camps and three prisoner–of–war camps, e.g. nearby, in Dubrówka, a special camp for Poles (among others from the Vilnius region), and next to it a camp for the so‑called ethnic Germans — people of German descent living in Russia. Prisoners, among them Germans captured and exiled to Russia in 1945, slave in coal mines, among others. One of the camps was a gulag for women (prob. No 5458). Women were forced to work in the nearby kolkhozes, e.g. growing tomatoes. (more on: mk.tula.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно–трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea–Baltic Canal (1931‑1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held there at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Alexander Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Deportation of Germans to Russia in 1945: On 06.02.1945 Russian State Defence Committee issued an order to intern all Germans, mainly men, able to work from the German territories captured by Russian army and transport them into Russia — to slave labour camps in Donbas region in Ukraine, to industrial centers in Ural mountains, to Russian occupied Belarus, etc. — in order to rebuild destroyed by the war Russia. It was planned to use c. 500,000 Germans, 17‑50 years old, although in practice much older were also arrested. From Upper Silesia only c. 90,000 Germans and Poles were deported 20% of which returned after many years. Among the victims were members of Polish clandestine Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) fighting with Germans. Tens of thousands were deported from Warmia and Mazurian regions. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

Ciechanów: Detention centre run by Germans. After German expulsion by the Russians in 1945 also a Russian transit camp for German prisoners, among others, prior to exile to concentration camps in Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Mass rapes in 1945: During capture in 1944‑1945 of pre–war German territories and territories incorporated into Germany in 1939 after German invasion of Poland Russian soldiers committed mass, often multiple, rapes on mainly German, but also Polish, women. Up to 2 mln women might have been violated, from 8 to 80 or more years old. Many were murdered as a consequence. Rapes were prob. tolerated if not encouraged by Russian military and civilian NKVD commanders. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
gross-kleeberg.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23]
, katarzynki.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
, www.studiawarminskie.uwm.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]
,
original images:
newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23]
, katarzynki.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]

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