• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • MICHAŁKOWSKI John Chrysostom, source: www.sanktuarium.rodzina.net, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHAŁKOWSKI John Chrysostom
    source: www.sanktuarium.rodzina.net
    own collection
  • MICHAŁKOWSKI John Chrysostom, source: www.salon24.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHAŁKOWSKI John Chrysostom
    source: www.salon24.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

MICHAŁKOWSKI

forename(s)

John Chrysostom (pl. Jan Chryzostom)

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Confederation of Oratories of Saint Philip Neri COrmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Oratorian Fathers)

diocese / province

Sandomierz diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

date and place
of death

26.12.1943

KL Mittelbau‐Doraconcentration camp
today: n. Nordhausen, Nordhausen dist., Thuringia state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of Russian occupation in Volyn, transferred to Lviv.

From there deported to Czechia in accordance with an exchange agreement between Russians and Germans.

Interned in a transit camp.

Refused to sign „Volkslist” (German nationality list).

Released from camp returned in 08.1940 to Tarnów then in German–run General Governorate.

Teacher of Polish clandestine educational network (part of Polish Clandestine State).

On 22.08.1943 arrested by the Germans for defending a teacher of the aforementioned clandestine Polish educational network — a former commissioned officer of the Polish army.

Tortured.

On 02.10.1943 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp, and from there on 23.10.1943 to KL Buchenwald concentration camp.

Finally on 17.11.1943 transported to KL Mittelbau‐Dora concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

02.01.1914

Jerkatoday: Krzywiń gm., Kościan pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

alt. dates and places
of birth

02.10.1914

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

29.06.1938 (Tarnów cathedral)

positions held

1941 – 1943

resident — Sady‐Koloniatoday: Klwów gm., Przysucha pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.10]
⋄ Sacred Heart of Jesus RC parish ⋄ Skrzynnotoday: Wieniawa gm., Przysucha pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
RC deanery — parish pries assistant, acting vicar

1940 – 1941

friar — Studziannatoday: Poświętne gm., Opoczno pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.10]
⋄ Society's house (oratory), Oratorian Fathers Cor

1939

friar — Novyi Oleksynetstoday: Lopushne hrom., Kremenets rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.10]
⋄ Society's house (oratory), Oratorian Fathers Cor

1938 – 1939

friar — Gostyńtoday: Gostyń gm., Gostyń pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Society's house („Holy Mountain” oratory), Oratorian Fathers Cor

1933 – 1938

student — Tarnówtoday: Tarnów city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

1933

accession — Oratorian Fathers Cor

1926 – 1933

pupil — Gostyńtoday: Gostyń gm., Gostyń pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ State Gymnasium — resident of the boarding school of the „Holy Mountain” Congregation of the Oratorians, education crowned with matura diploma in 1933

others related
in death

GUZIKClick to display biography Stanislav, JĘDRAClick to display biography Martin, ŁUKOWIAKClick to display biography Anthony, MAŁUSZYŃSKIClick to display biography Adam, PANKOWSKIClick to display biography Marian, WOJCIECHOWSKIClick to display biography Steven

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Mittelbau‐Dora: German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL, operational from 08.1943 till 11.04.1945 when American troops entered the camp. Set up to provide the slave workforce for an underground military factory „Mittelwerk” — in tunnels of Kohnstein mountain n. Nordhausen town V‐1 and V‐2 rockets were manufactured. Initially functioned as a sub‐camp of KL Buchenwald concentration camp (till summer 1944). Approx. 20,000 prisoner perished (large part of them were brought there at the end of 1944, in „death marches”, from KL Auschwitz), among whom 10,000 during camp evacuation (which also took form of „death marches”) — in 04.1945, right before liberation. Also c. 1,200 prisoners perished during bombardments by the Allied forces. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.01.09]
)

KL Buchenwald (prisoner no: 34091Click to display biography): In German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL Buchenwald concentration camp, founded in 1937 and operational till 1945, Germans held c. 238,380 prisoners and murdered approx. 56,000 of them, among them thousands of Poles. Prisoners were victims of pseudo‐scientific experiments, conducted among others by Behring‐Werke from Marburg and Robert Koch Institute from Berlin companies. They slaved for Gustloff in Weimar and Fritz‐Sauckel companies manufacturing armaments. To support Erla‐Maschinenwerk GmbH in Leipzig, Junkers in Schönebeck (airplanes) and Rautal in Wernigerode Germans organized special sub‐camps. In 1945 there were more than 100 such sub‐camps. Dora concentration camp was initially one of them, as well as KL Ravensbrück sub‐camps (from 08.1944). On 08.04.1945 Polish prisoner, Mr Guido Damazyn, used clandestinely constructed short wave transmitter to sent, together with a Russian prisoner, a short message begging for help. It was received and he got a reply: „KZ Bu. Hold out. Rushing to your aid. Staff of Third Army” (American). Three days later the camp was liberated. (more on: www.buchenwald.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 153688Click to display biography): German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL and Germ. Vernichtungslager (Eng. extermination camp) VL Auschwitz was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was Germ. Vernichtungslager (Eng. extermination camp) VL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‐occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Ribbentrop‐Molotov Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so‐called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply Germ. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
pl.auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.filipini.gostyn.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.hagiographycircle.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]

original images:
www.sanktuarium.rodzina.netClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.11.07]
, www.salon24.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.11.07]

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