• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • MASSOW von Bertha, source: piotr.redblog.gk24.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMASSOW von Bertha
    source: piotr.redblog.gk24.pl
    own collection

surname

MASSOW von

forename(s)

Bertha (pl. Berta)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Bertha

  • MASSOW von Bertha - Commemorative plaque, administration building of the Voivodeship Hospital, Koszalin, source: pomeranica.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMASSOW von Bertha
    Commemorative plaque, administration building of the Voivodeship Hospital, Koszalin
    source: pomeranica.pl
    own collection

function

deaconess

creed

Lutheran Church LUmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of Salem Deaconesses DaS
(i.e. Salem Deaconesses)

nationality

German

date and place
of death

06.04.1945

Koszalintoday: Koszalin city pov., West Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

alt. dates and places
of death

12.04.1945 (burial date)

details of death

During Russian winter offensive of 1945 leading to the end of military hostilities of the World War II, started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, day after Russian capture of Koszalin — on 03.03.1945, at the end of the so‐called the Chojnice–Koszalin operation, which was part of a larger Russian East Pomeranian offensive, carried out on 10.02.1945 – 04.04.1945 — stood in defence of co‐sisters being violated by Russian soldiers who entered the hospital (most of the patients were evacuated west earlier).

Beaten up and left to die.

Suffered for a month before perishing (in difficult conditions — on 10.03.1945, the deaconesses were evicted from their motherhouse).

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

01.02.1872

Insterburgtoday: Chernyakhovsk, Królewiec oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.15]

religious vows

08.07.1904 (last)

positions held

1913 – 1945

superior — Koszalintoday: Koszalin city pov., West Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
⋄ Motherhouse, Salem Deaconesses DaS — also: superior of the complex known as „Salem House”, consisting of the following buildings founded by the Congregation: the Kaiser Wilhelm hospital building (1913, transformed into a military hospital in 1939), the Motherhouse (1914), the pastor's house (1915), orphanages and schools (1918‐1924), the home for retired sisters (1928‐1931) and the so‐called „new buildings” (1930‐1932)

1904 – c. 1913

superior — Szczecintoday: Szczecin city pov., West Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Congregation's house, Salem Deaconesses DaS — the Salem Center, consisting of a girls' nursing home and a household school; also: service at the district hospital in Zdroje near Szczecin; before: head of the Salem Assembly (from 23.05.1903), member of the five–person Board of Trustees (from c. 31.03.1902)

others related
in death

BRUNClick to display biography Ginter, HELDTClick to display biography Charles Henry, ONNASCHClick to display biography Frederick Albert, ONNASCHClick to display biography Frederick Charles Günter

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
www.przyjaciele.koszalin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, forum.historia.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]

original images:
piotr.redblog.gk24.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
, pomeranica.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.04.02]

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