• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

MAKULEC

forename(s)

John (pl. Jan)

  • MAKULEC John - Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John Evangelist archcathedral, Lublin, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMAKULEC John
    Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John Evangelist archcathedral, Lublin
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • MAKULEC John - Commemorative plague, Mental Hospital Victims Memorial monument, Chełm Lubelski, source: wikimapia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMAKULEC John
    Commemorative plague, Mental Hospital Victims Memorial monument, Chełm Lubelski
    source: wikimapia.org
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lublin diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

date and place
of death

12.01.1940

Chełmtoday: Chełm city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]

alt. dates and places
of death

11.1939

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, murdered in a mass murder of the patients of the psychiatric hospital.

Germans forced c. 440 patients — in their pyjamas — onto the hospital yard and there massacred them.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

12.07.1883

Garwolintoday: Garwolin gm., Garwolin pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1905

positions held

patient — psychiatric hospitals — Chełm Lubelski, Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Warsaw (St John of God)

1919 – 1928

parish priest — Topólczatoday: Zwierzyniec gm., Zamość pov., Lublin voiv., Poland ⋄ St Isidore the Confessor RC parish ⋄ Szczebrzeszyntoday: Szczebrzeszyn gm., Zamość pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery

1919

vicar — Wąwolnicatoday: Wąwolnica gm., Puławy pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr and Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Puławyform.: Nowo–Aleksandrya
today: Puławy urban gm., Puławy pov., Lublin voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery — appointee

till 1919

vicar — Rudnotoday: Michów gm., Lubartów pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Lubartówtoday: Lubartów gm., Lubartów pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery

1918

vicar — Wola Gułowskaalso: Gułowska Wola
today: Adamów gm., Łuków pov., Lublin voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Łukówtoday: Łuków urban gm., Łuków pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.09.24]
RC deanery

1917 – 1918

resident — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ St Paul the Apostle RC parish ⋄ Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery — priest at the larch church in the Bronowice district, brought in 1916 from Pawłów near Chełm (constucted in 1744)

1914 – 1916

administrator — Stanintoday: Łuków gm., Stanin pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Łukówtoday: Łuków urban gm., Łuków pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.09.24]
RC deanery

1911 – c. 1914

administrator — Kopcietoday: Grębków gm., Węgrów pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
⋄ St Christopher the Martyr RC parish ⋄ Węgrówtoday: Węgrów urban gm., Węgrów pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery

1911

vicar — Kumówtoday: Kumów Plebański, Leśniowice gm., Chełm pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Chełmtoday: Chełm city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery

1909 – c. 1911

administrator — Pratulintoday: Rokitno gm., Biała Podlaska pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish ⋄ Konstantynówtoday: Konstantynów gm., Biała Podlaska pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
RC deanery

c. 1909

vicar — Siedlcetoday: Siedlce city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ St Stanislav the Bishop and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Siedlcetoday: Siedlce city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery

1906 – c. 1908

vicar — Sokołów Podlaskitoday: Sokołów Podlaski gm., Sokołów Podlaski pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ St Michael the Archangel RC parish ⋄ Sokołów Podlaskitoday: Sokołów Podlaski gm., Sokołów Podlaski pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
RC deanery

1900 – 1905

student — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

PAWŁOWSKIClick to display biography Boleslav

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Chełm Lubelski (hospital): Hospital for the mentally ill in Chełm Lubelski. On 12.01.1940 a special German commando, as part of «Aktion T4», murdered c. 440 hospital patients — 304 men, 124 women i 17 children. The hospitals building were surrounded by German soldiers (prob. SS). The victims were forced, barefoot, in their pyjamas, into a hospital yard and there slaughtered. Some were murdered right a the doors of their buildings. Those that attempted to hide were murdered inside and their bodies were thrown out of the buildings. The next day, the Germans ordered local peasants to take the bodies down to a clay pit nearby (the bodies were also transported by cars). The pit was sprinkled with lime and covered with earth. Two Catholic priests, as far as it possible to ascertain, were among the victims. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
)

«Aktion T4»: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). At a peak, in 1940‑1941, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish Catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of «Aktion T4» was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
ltg.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, garwolin.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
, garwolin.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.09.29]
,
original images:
www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, wikimapia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

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MARTYROLOGY: MAKULEC John

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