• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina) - After 09.1939, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina)
    After 09.1939
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • KRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina), source: www.findagrave.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina)
    source: www.findagrave.com
    own collection
  • KRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina) - Contemporary image, source: www.iskolanoverek.hu, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina)
    Contemporary image
    source: www.iskolanoverek.hu
    own collection
  • KRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina) - Contemporary image, source: gerhardinger.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina)
    Contemporary image
    source: gerhardinger.org
    own collection
  • KRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina) - Contemporary image, source: gerhardinger.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina)
    Contemporary image
    source: gerhardinger.org
    own collection
  • KRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina) - Contemporary image, source: mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina)
    Contemporary image
    source: mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl
    own collection

religious status

blessed

surname

KRATOCHWIL

forename(s)

Mary Anne (pl. Maria Anna)

religious forename(s)

Mary Antonina (pl. Maria Antonina)

  • KRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina) - Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin, source: www.szczecin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRATOCHWIL Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina)
    Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin
    source: www.szczecin.pl
    own collection

beatification date

13.06.1999

John Paul II

function

nun

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the School Sisters of Notre Dame (School Sister of Notre Dame - SSND)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

02.10.1942

Stanyslaviv
today: Ivano-Frankivsk, Stanislaviv/Ivano-Frankivsk obl., Ukraine

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation, forced to abandon teaching responsibilities due to Russian nationalization of schools and ban on religious education. In 02.1940 forced moved with 9 nuns into a single room in her Congregation’s house — the rest was taken over by Jewish Communist students from Lviv, collaborating with Russians who turned the building into a holiday house. In c. 03.1940 evicted from this single room — moved into Greek Catholic nuns local congregation’s house in Mikuliczyn. All bar one managed to avoid Russian deportation of Poles into Russia. After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, returned to their house taking over half of it for the rest was appropriated by Ukrainians, collaborating with Germans, and turned into an Ukrainian school. Arrested together with 6 co‑nuns — including Sr Hermione Łapa and Sr Sabine Dziurdzia — on 09.07.1942 by the Germans. Transported to Stanisławów prison. There held with Fr Edward Tabaczkowski, among others. Locked in a cell with 29 women — with 7 beds and no mattresses. Repeatedly interrogated and maltreated. After standing up for Jewish co‑prisoner beaten up with a wood stick. Not able to lie down. Together with his co‑nuns released at the end of 09.1942. Taken to infectious diseases hospital — had signs of typhoid — perished few days later.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

21.08.1881

Vítkovice-Ostrava
Ostrava city dist., Moravian-Silesian reg., Czechia

religious vows

27.09.1910 (last)

positions held

superior of Congregation’s house in Mikuliczyn (12.1939‑1942), f. nun at Congregration and Provincial house in Lviv (1932‑9) — director and teacher at school run by the Congregation, superior of the Congregation candidates’ formation, f. superior at Congregation’s house in Tłumacz (1925‑32) — manager of the halls of residence and exercise center by Maria Piłsudska nee Billewicz Private Teacher’s Seminary and Gymnasium for Girls, f. nun at Congregation’s house in Lviv (1917‑25) — teacher, f. nun at Congregation’s house in Karviná (1910‑7) — teacher at public school and school by the Jindřich coal mine, novitiate in Wroclaw Congregation’s Mother House from 27.09.1909, f. certified teacher in Karviná (1906‑9)

biography (own resources)

click to read biography from our resources

others related in death

DZIURDZIA (Sr Sabine), ŁAPA (Sr Jeronima), TABACZKOWSKI Edward

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Stanyslaviv: Prison used by the Russians (in 1939‑41 — in 06.1941, when escaping from advancing Germans, Russians perpetrated a mass murder on prison inmates — and from 1944); the Germans (in 1941‑4); and again by the Russian occupiers after replacing Germans in 1944. Thousands of Poles were jailed there. (more on: stanislawow.net [access: 2014.01.06], stanislawow.net [access: 2014.01.06])

Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.pl [access: 2013.08.31])

Deportations to Siberia: In 1939‑41 Russians deported — in four large groups in: 10.02.1940, 13‑14.04.1940, 05‑07.1940, 05‑06.1941 — up to 1 mln of Polish citizens from Russian occupied Poland to Siberia leaving them without any support at the place of exile. Thousands of them perished or never returned. The deportations east, deep into Russia, to Siberia resumed after 1944 when Russians took over Poland. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
swzygmunt.knc.pl [access: 2012.11.23], cracovia-leopolis.pl [access: 2013.01.06]
bibliograhical:
„A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
original images:
commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2018.09.23], www.findagrave.com [access: 2018.09.23], www.iskolanoverek.hu [access: 2018.09.23], gerhardinger.org [access: 2018.09.23], gerhardinger.org [access: 2018.09.23], mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl [access: 2018.09.23], www.szczecin.pl [access: 2014.09.21]

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