St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Servant of God
Paul (pl. Paweł)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Society of Christ Fathers for Poles Living Abroad (Christ Fathers - SChr)more on
diocese / province
Katowice diocesemore on
date and place of death
Lędzinytoday: Lędziny urban gm., Bieruń–Lędziny pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II returned to occupied Poland from Estonia — initially on 13.09.1939 to Lutsk, few days later captured by Russians, and then on 27.10.1939 to native Paprocany and Tychy under German occupation — the territories directly incorporated into Germany.
On 28.05.1941 arrested by the Germans for patriotic homilies and jailed in Mikołów prison.
Released after a fortnight.
During Russian winter offensive of 1945, ending the military hostilities of the II World War, after capture of Lędziny by the Russians on 28.01.1945, stood up in defense of women gang–raped by Russian soldiers.
Attempted to argue with Russian commander but in reply saw a pistol being aimed at his head.
Beaten up and fell down.
Stripped of his coat and white and red armband — in Polish national colors that was to indicate his peaceful intentions — and shot by Russians on the spot.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Paprocanytoday: district of Tychy, Tychy city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
presbyter (holy orders)/
03.06.1939 (Poznań cathedralmore on
camps (+ prisoner no)
Mass rapes in 1945: During capture in 1944‑5 of pre–war German territories and territories incorporated into Germany in 1939 after German invasion of Poland Russian soldiers committed mass, often multiple, rapes on mainly German, but also Polish, women. Up to 2 mln women might have been violated, from 8 to 80 or more years old. Many were murdered as a consequence. Rapes were prob. tolerated if not encouraged by Russian military and civilian NKVD commanders. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.03.01)
Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: Organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940 planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — aiming at total Germanisation of the region. Some of the arrested were executed in mass murders, some where incarcerated in German concentration camps (priests, for instance, were moved to KL Dachau and then to KL Gusen where they slave in quarries) where most did not come back from, some were deported to German‑run General Governorate. Altogether Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.05.30)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
patrimonium.tchr.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.11.28, www.encyklo.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19, www.chrystusowcy.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.04.18, www.chrystusowcy.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.04.18, www.pismoprofile.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.01.06,
www.brazylia.chrystusowcy.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.02.15, www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.04.23, tygodnikecho.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.02.15, www.ssb24.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.02.15, info.wiara.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.02.15, jankowice.rybnik.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.01.06, www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.04.23, www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.02.15, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.01.06
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