St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Nicholas (pl. Mikołaj)
Andrew Avellino Mary (pl. Andrzej Avellino Maria)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)more on
diocese / province
date and place of death
Niepokalanówtoday: part of Paprotnia village, Teresin gm., Sochaczew pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
details of death
After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II released on 06.09.1939 from Niepokalanów monastery.
It is unknown whether managed to reach his family home for already on 01.11.1939, after start of German occupation, was back in Niepokalanów.
Gravely wounded from aerial bombardment prior to Russian advance on German positions, during the winter 1945 offensive ending military hostilities of the II World War.
Perished 4 hours later in monastery's hospital.
6 friars fell dead during this bombardment.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Siedlemintoday: Jarocin gm., Jarocin pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
alt. dates and places of birth
others related in death
CHUDZIKClick to display biography Casimir (Bro. Cassian Mary), JĘDRZEJEWSKIClick to display biography John (Bro. Pancras Mary), MARKOWSKIClick to display biography Francis Michael (Bro. Darius Mary), PISAREKClick to display biography Bronislaus (Bro. Marcel Mary), SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Henry (Bro. Andrew the Hermit Mary)
camps (+ prisoner no)
General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
www.bj.uj.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23], www.ksiegazmarlych.franciszkanie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.13], www.teresin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18], www.niepokalanow.plClick to attempt to display webpage
bibliograhical:, „Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016, „A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965,
www.sowiniec.com.plClick to attempt to display webpage
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