St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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John (pl. Jan)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians, Lazarists - CM)more on
diocese / province
date and place of death
Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
alt. dates and places of death
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II collaborated with an emerging Polish clandestine resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ organization (part of later Polish Clandestine State) under nom–de–guerre „Maple” — under Russian occupation — as an organizer of safe houses for the organization: wounded Polish soldiers treated in the hospitals and hunted by the Russians, and those attempting to cross the border to Hungary and Romania.
Arrested by the Russians on 17.04.1940 during mass arrests of ZWZ members.
Jailed in Zamarstynów prison in Lviv.
Had his heels repeatedly beaten.
During the night of 19/20.11.1940 tried in a process of 14 ZWZ leaders and at 02:00 sentenced by Russians to death.
In his last words did not ask for anything.
Prob. on 23.02.1941 moved to Łąckiego Str. prison in Lviv.
There next day at 23:30 murdered in a mass execution of 13 ZWZ leaders from Lviv district.
Fr Adam Henry Bogdanowicz de Rosco might have been among them.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Zalesietoday: Iwanowice gm., Kraków pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
alt. dates and places of birth
n. Miechówtoday: Miechów pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
presbyter (holy orders)/
1939 (Krakówtoday: Kraków city pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
others related in death
camps (+ prisoner no)
Lviv (Łąckiego): Prison at Łącki Str. in Lviv. Founded in 1918‑20 by Polish authorities, mainly for political prisoners. From 1935 used as investigative jail. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation Russians — local branch of Russian genocidal NKVD organisation — held thousands of prisoners, mainly Poles and Ukrainians, in prison (then prison no 1). It was also a place of carrying out death sentences passed by Russian summary courts on Poles suspected of participation in Polish clandestine resistance activities. In 06.1941, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, NKVD agents slaugher — during genocidal massacres of prisoners — c. 924 inmates. During German occupation that followed in 1941‑4 the prison’s buildings held German Gestapo investigative jail. It was a place of executions. In 1944‑91, after German defeat and start of another Russian occupation, the building were again used by NKVD (and it successor MVD) as investigative jail and also investigative department. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.10.31)
Trial of 19-20.11.1940: In 03.1940 till 06.1940 Russians arrested in Lviv hundreds of members of an emerging Polish clandestine resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ organization (part of later Polish Clandestine State). They were held in Lviv prisons. Tortured (special fame earned Russian genocidal NKVD sadistic member, J. M. Libenson of Jewish origin). 14 of them were tried in Zamarstynów prison during the night of 19–20.11.1940, before a „Troika NKVD” — a murderous Russian court. Prosecuted Mr Nowicki, Ukrainian. All stated that they were proud members of ZWZ. At 02:00 in the morning 13 of them were sentenced to death, among them two priests. One, as a juvenile, got 10 years in Russian concentration camps Gulag (and perished there, prob. in Kołyma). On 11.12.1940 Russian Kiev prosecutors’ office „did not endorse cassation applications” (one of the condemned, Fr Bogdanowicz, wrote his in Polish!). On 21.12.1940 the Criminal College at Supreme Court in Kiev upheld most of the sentences. Finally on 17.02.1941 all sentences were upheld by Russian Supreme Court in Moscow. All condemned in this „trial of the fourteen” were thus executed by the Russians, prob. Katyń style, with a shot to the back of the head. (more on: www.google.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2017.01.21)
Lviv (Zamarstiniv): Penal prison no 2 in Lviv. In 1939‑41 Russians organised there an NKVD detention centre and jailed thousands of prisoners, mainly Poles and Ukrainians, interrogating them and torturing. In 06.1941 after German invasion Russians murdered few thousands of them in a mass massacre. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
www.polska1918-89.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2017.01.21, www.bibula.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2017.01.21, www.dowgwillo.nlClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2017.01.21
bibliograhical:, „Trial of the Fourteen”, Ms Elisabeth Kotarska, Volumen, 1998, „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
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