• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • KAJA Leo, source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAJA Leo
    source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org
    own collection

surname

KAJA

forename(s)

Leo (pl. Leon)

  • KAJA Leo - Monument to murdered inhabitants, Sadki, source: www.kohr.kujawsko-pomorskie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAJA Leo
    Monument to murdered inhabitants, Sadki
    source: www.kohr.kujawsko-pomorskie.pl
    own collection
  • KAJA Leo - Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno; source: thanks to Mr. Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAJA Leo
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno
    source: thanks to Mr. Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness
    own collection
  • KAJA Leo - Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno; source: thanks to Mr Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAJA Leo
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno
    source: thanks to Mr Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Gniezno and Poznań archdiocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.archpoznan.pl
[access: 2012.11.23]

date and place
of death

29.10.1939

Mrozowotoday: Sadki gm., Nakło nad Notecią pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

alt. dates and places
of death

01.11.1939,11.11.1939

Sadkitoday: Sadki gm., Nakło nad Notecią pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on c. 28.10.1939.

Prob. detained in the „pigsty” of a farm in his parish village, where the Germans organized a gendarmerie station — after the Polish owners were thrown out (many detainees were detained and tortured in such temporary, makeshift places).

Accused that among others made sermons „full of hatred towards Germans”.

Murdered together with at least 85 of his parishioners in a one of the mass executions perpetrated by the Germans in the vicinity of his parish village.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

05.04.1893

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

18.12.1920

positions held

1930 – 1939

parish priest — Sadkitoday: Sadki gm., Nakło nad Notecią pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Nakło nad Noteciątoday: Nakło nad Notecią gm., Nakło nad Notecią pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

c. 1934 – 1939

inspector — church nursing homes

c. 1932 – 1939

visitor / inspector of religion education — primary schools — for Wyrzysk county (till c. 1935), Nakło nad Notecią deanery (c. 1935‑1939)

1921 – 1930

professor — Bydgoszcztoday: Bydgoszcz city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
⋄ State Teachers' Seminary for Men

1921 – 1930

resident — Bydgoszcztoday: Bydgoszcz city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Bydgoszcz–citydeanery name
today: Bydgoszcz city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
RC deanery — also: c. 1923 vicar

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Sadki: In 10‑11.1939 in the vicinity of Sadki village n. Nakło on Noteć Germans, as a part of «Intelligenzaktion» aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania, murdered at least 86 inhabitants of the Wyrzysk county, in several mass executions. Among others in a gully near the so‑called „piaśnica”, i.e. sand pit (or gravel pit) near Morozowo, c. 5 km from Sadki, on 01.06.1945, four mass graves were discovered with 27 corpses, including pregnant women (the skulls of 14 of them were „completely shattered with blunt instruments”, i.e. rifle butts). Both the captures and executions were carried out by members of the genocidal German Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz (Eng. Self‑defence) organization — most often pre‑war „neighbors” of Poles — often assisting soldiers of the regular German army, i.e. the Wehrmacht. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.wtg-gniazdo.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.straty.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, www.archiwum.archidiecezja.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]

original images:
www.wtg-gniazdo.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.kohr.kujawsko-pomorskie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]

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