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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • JARANOWSKI Constantine Stanislav - 1930s; source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJARANOWSKI Constantine Stanislav
    1930s
    source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness
    own collection
  • JARANOWSKI Constantine Stanislav - 1930s; source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJARANOWSKI Constantine Stanislav
    1930s
    source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness
    own collection

surname

JARANOWSKI

forename(s)

Constantine Stanislav (pl. Konstanty Stanisław)

  • JARANOWSKI Constantine Stanislav - Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń, source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJARANOWSKI Constantine Stanislav
    Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń
    source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl
    own collection
  • JARANOWSKI Constantine Stanislav - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJARANOWSKI Constantine Stanislav
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

„Cross of Valour”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

date and place
of death

10.10.1939

Birkenek forestn. Brzezinek
today: Zbiczno gm., Brodnica pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

alt. dates and places
of death

07.10.1939, 11.1939

Skrwileńskie foreststoday: Skrwilno gm., Rypin pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

Rypintoday: Rypin gm., Rypin pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

details of death

While studying at gymnasium in Brodnica — during Prussian times (partitions of Poland) — member (c. 1907‑1909) of the gymnasium chapter of a clandestine Polish self–education Pomeranian Philomaths organisation.

After the end of World War I and the rebirth of Poland, persecuted in the parish in Chełmno by the Grenzschutz Ost (a paramilitary German organization that militantly opposed the separation of the German–occupied eastern territories from Germany).

Threatened with death.

In 1920, during the Polish–Russian war of 1919‑1921, chaplain of the Polish Army (formally from 01.06.1919 was reserve chaplain of the Polish Armed Forces, nominated for a two years period).

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans and murdered in „the forest near Brodnica”, prob. in Birkenek forest.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

13.11.1888

Osieczektoday: Książki gm., Wąbrzeźno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

29.03.1914 (Pelpin cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

positions held

1933 – 1939

parish priest — Kruszynytoday: Bobrowo gm., Brodnica pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor and Good Shepherd RC parish ⋄ Brodnicatoday: Brodnica urban gm., Brodnica pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery — also: inspector of religious education in elementary schools in the deanery

c. 1933

administrator — Dąbrówkatoday: Kamień Krajeński gm., Sępólno Krajeńskie pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ St Michael the Archangel RC parish ⋄ Kamień Pomorskitoday: Kamień Krajeński, Kamień Krajeński gm., Sępólno Krajeńskie pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1932 – 1933

parish priest — Papowo Biskupietoday: Papowo Biskupie gm., Chełmno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Chełmżatoday: Chełmża urban gm., Toruń pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1920 – 1932

prefect — Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ State Gymnasium for Girls — formally received the title of „professor”, in accordance with Art. 8 of the 01.07.1926 Act of Polish Parlament; also: chaplain of military schools

1919 – 1920

vicar — Pokrzydowotoday: Zbiczno gm., Brodnica pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Brodnicatoday: Brodnica urban gm., Brodnica pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

1918 – 1919

vicar — Chełmnotoday: Chełmno urban gm., Chełmno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.25]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Chełmnotoday: Chełmno urban gm., Chełmno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.25]
RC deanery

1917 – 1918

vicar — Kościerzynatoday: Kościerzyna urban gm., Kościerzyna pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Mirachowotoday: Kartuzy gm., Kartuzy pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

1914 – 1917

vicar — Wieletoday: Korsin gm., Kościerzyna pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Tucholatoday: Tuchola gm., Tuchola pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1912 – 1913

student — Krakówtoday: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ Department of Philosophy, Jagiellonian University UJ — yearly post–graduate studies

1909 – 1914

student — Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Birkenek forest: In 10.1939 in the forest by Birkenek (Brzezinka) estate in Zbiczno county Germans — as part of «Intelligenzaktion», extermination of Polish intelligentsia program — Germans murdered c. 400 Poles from Brodnica and surrounding villages. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Skrwilno forests: In 10‑11.1939 in Skrwilno forests n. Rypin Germans — as part of «Intelligenzaktion», extermination of Polish intelligentsia program —murdered c. 450 Poles from Rypin and surrounding villages and prisoners brought from Brodnica. In 1939‑1945 in those forests Germans murdered few thousands Polish citizens altogether. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Rypin: Prison for Poles run by Germans in 1939 known as „Torture House”. As a part of «Intelligenzaktion» — aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — Germans jailed there and tortured up to 1,100 victims. They were subsequently murdered either in the prison itself of in mass murder locations in Skrwileńskie and Rusinowskie forests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—1921: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Pomeranian Philomaths: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — in Pomerania around Vistula river (Gdańsk Pomerania and Chełmno county), in Prussian–occupied Polish territories (one of the partitions of Poland). On 08.01.1901 Germans conducted a series of interrogations of students at Chełmno, Brodnica and Toruń gymnasiums. On 09‑12.09.1901 the first of court trials of Polish students from those gymnasiums and students of Theological Seminary in Pelplin was held in Toruń. 1 person was sentenced to 3 months in prison, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 weeks, 7 to 3 weeks, 2 to 2 weeks, 19 to a week, 2 to 1 day, 10 were reprimanded. 15 were cleared. More definitive penalties were relegations from the schools with so‑called wolf’s ticket, forbidding sentenced students to continue secondary and higher studies in Prussia (Germany). Among those penalized were a few future Catholic priests — those were able to continue their education for the Chełmno diocese bishop, Bp August Rosentreter, refused to relegate students from Theological Seminary. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

sources

personal:
www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.niedziela.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]

bibliographical:
Biographical dictionary of priests of the Chełmno diocese ordained in the years 1821‑1920”, Henry Mross, Pelplin, 1995,
original images:
gdansk.ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.02]

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MARTYROLOGY: JARANOWSKI Constantine Stanislav

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