• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

GUZENDA

forename(s)

Charles Sigismund (pl. Karol Zygmunt)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Włocławek ie. Kalisz diocese

date and place
of death

19.02.1945

AL Hersbrucksub‐camp of KL Flossenbürg concentration
today: Hersbruck, Middle Franconia reg., Bavaria state, Germany

details of death

During Polish–Russian war of 1919‐1921 volunteer of Polish Army — fought on the southern and Lithuanian fronts.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 21.10.1939 at the „conference” organised by Germans at which the re‐start of Polish schools was to be discussed.

Jailed in Włocławek prison.

Next moved to Stalag I A StablackPOW camp.

From there transported out, prob. to AbL Rudau and AbL Groß–Mischen slave camps.

Released together with POW soldiers and returned to Włocławek, then already incorporated into Germany, into the occupational province of Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland.

In danger of imminent arrest crossed over through the newly established border to General Governorate.

Settled in Warsaw where taught at nursing courses and ministered at Gabriel Peter Baudouin's Orphans' House.

Captured by the Germans on 01.08.1944, the first day of Warsaw Uprising.

Interned at DL 121 Pruszków transit camp.

From there transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp — do obozu KL Auschwitz II Birkenau (there were at least three such transports: on 12.08.1944, 13.08.1944 and 01.09.1944).

Finally on 06.09.1944 transported to KL‐A Hersbruck, sub–camp of KL Flossenbürg concentration camp.

Held in barrack No. 10 where perished, according to German sources „from typhus”.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

14.08.1901

Pabianicetoday: Pabianice urban gm., Pabianice pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

14.06.1925 (Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
)

positions held

till 1939

conductor — Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ cathedral choir ⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC cathedral church

1936 – 1939

vicar — Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC cathedral church — also: deputy cathedral custodian and prefect of elementary schools

1930 – 1931

vicar — Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC cathedral church — also: prefect of elementary schools

1929 – 1930

resident — Izbica Kujawskatoday: Izbica Kujawska gm., Włocławek pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC church ⋄ St Florian and St Matthew RC parish ⋄ Izbica Kujawskatoday: Izbica Kujawska gm., Włocławek pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]
RC deanery

1925 – 1929

vicar — Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC cathedral church — also: prefect of elementary schools

1921 – 1925

student — Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

BAGDZIŃSKIClick to display biography Mieczyslav, CHWIŁOWICZClick to display biography Mieczyslav, JANKOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, KEMPIŃSKIClick to display biography Stanislav, KLEPACZEWSKIClick to display biography Louis, KRYSIŃSKIClick to display biography John Julian, MIASTKOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, PŁOSZAJClick to display biography Stanislav, SZCZEPANOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislav Felix, SZCZODROWSKIClick to display biography Marian

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL‐A Hersbruck: KL‐Außenlager (Eng. Satellite Camp) of German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL Flossenbürg, near Hersbruck town in Bavaria. Functioned from 17.05.1944 till 04.1945. A slave work camp, where prisoners were used to help manufacture German weaponry — in tunnels dug in Houbirg hill airplane motors were manufactured. C. 9,500 prisoners — Hungarian Jews, Russian POWs, Poles, Italians and French — slaved for a German BMW manufacturer, digging new tunnels, etc. C. 2,640 prisoners perished. (more on: de.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.07.31]
)

KL Flossenbürg (prisoner no: 24462): German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL, founded in 05.1938, where a total of approx. 96,000 prisoners were held captive. In 1942 it became the „mother camp” for many external commandos and sub‐camps whose prisoners worked as slaves for the needs of the German arms industry. On 09.04.1945 Germans executed in the camp several people related to 20.07.1944 assassination plot on Hitler, including Wilhelm Canaris, Hans Oster and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. On 20.04.1945, facing the approach of the Allied troops, about 22,000 prisoners were marched out in the so‐called „Death March” to KL Dachau. Over 7,000 perished along the way. The camp was liberated on 23.04.1945 by American troops. In total, 30,000‐77,000 prisoners died in the camp, including up to 17,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.05.20]
)

KL Auschwitz: German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL and Germ. Vernichtungslager (Eng. extermination camp) VL Auschwitz was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was Germ. Vernichtungslager (Eng. extermination camp) VL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

DL 121 Pruszków: Germ. Durchgangslager 121 Pruszków (Eng. Transit Camp) — transit camp where Germans herded Warsaw (and its vicinity) civilian population captured during and after Warsaw Uprising. Set up on 06.01.1944 functioned till 12.1944. C. 390,000‐410,000 people were held captive. Most of them were sent subsequently to concentration camps and forced slave labour in Germany. Few hundred ‐ few thousands of them perished in the camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
)

Warsaw Uprising: Lasted from 01.08.1944 till 03.10.1944. Was an attempt to liberate Polish capital from occupying Germans by the Polish Clandestine State — a unique in the history of the world political structure on the territories occupied by the Germans, effectively governing clandestinely in Poland — and by fighting on its behalf underground military units, mainly of Home Army (former Armed Struggle Association ZWZ) and National Armed Forced (NSZ). At the same time Russians stopped on purpose the offensive on all front, halted on the other bank of Vistula river and watched calmly the annihilation of the city, refusing even the mid‐landing rights to the Allied planes carrying weapons and supplies to the insurgents from Italy. During the Uprising Germans murdered approx. 200,000 Poles, mainly civilians. Approx. 200 priests and nuns died in fighting or were murdered by the Germans, many in mass executions. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‐occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Ribbentrop‐Molotov Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so‐called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply Germ. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

AbL Groß‐Mischen: AbL Groß‐Mischen (Miszewo‐Svobodnoye in Sambia) was a German camp where approx. 200 teachers of secondary schools and priest from Włocławek and vicinity were held among others in 1939 — as part of Germ. «Intelligenzaktion», German program of physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia and leading classes — and were forced to work on e.g. motorway constructions. The camp operated prob. as Germ. Arbeitslager (Eng. Labour Camp) — and thus it is assumed in White Book. It was dissolved in c. 12.1939 / 01.1940 and the letters sent to inmates were returned with a note „addressee unknown”. None of the prisoners held in Rudau, AbL Groß‐Mischen and AbL Beidritten camps ever returned home — all Polish prisoners at the beginning of 1940 were transferred to KL Soldau (then DL Soldau) and prompty murdered during Germ. «Intelligenzaktion» against Polish leading classes. (more on: pamiec.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.10]
)

AbL Rudau: AbL Rudau II bei Königsberg (now Melnikovo) was a German camp where approx. 200 teachers of secondary schools and priest from Włocławek and vicinity were held among others in 1939 — as part of Germ. «Intelligenzaktion», German program of physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia and leading classes — and were forced to work on e.g. motorway constructions. The camp operated prob. as Germ. Arbeitslager (Eng. Labour Camp) — and thus it is assumed in White Book. It was dissolved in c. 12.1939 / 01.1940 and the letters sent to inmates were returned with a note „ addressee unknown”. None of the prisoners held in Rudau, AbL Groß‐Mischen and AbL Beidritten camps ever returned home — all Polish prisoners at the beginning of 1940 were transferred to KL Soldau (then DL Soldau) and prompty murdered during Germ. «Intelligenzaktion». (more on: www.1wrzesnia39.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]
)

Stalag I A Stablack: Stalag I A — German POW camp for non‐commissioned officers and privates in the vicinity of todays Stabławek and Kamińsk villages (Bartoszyce county) and partly n. Dołgorukowo, then in Preussich Eylau county (today in Russian Królewiec enclave). After attack of Poland Germans brought to it till the end of 09.1939 c. 40,000 POWs. Altogether during 1939‐1945 c. 255,000 prisoners from whole Europe were held there. More than 10 thousand perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.10]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.10]
)

Włocławek: Police detention centre at Karnkowski Str. in downtown Włocławek run by Germans. In 1939‐1940 Germans held there hundreds of Poles, including dozens of Polish priests, that were subsequently transported to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sztetl.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.01.21]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‐called General Governorate where it was called «AB‐aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Polish‐Russian war of 1919‐1921: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik‐like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
www.niedziela.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, digital.fides.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.straty.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, martyrologia.wloclawek.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]

bibliographical:
Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislav Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‐08.1947
Annals of the Włocławek diocese — 1926‐1939 (also: Catalogus Ecclesiarum et Utriusque Cleri tam Saecularis quam Regularis dioecesis Wladislaviensis seu Calissiensis — till 1925)”, Włocławek and Włocławel-Kalisz diocesan Curia
International Tracing Service (ITS), Bad Arolsen, GermanyClick to display biography”, Arolsen Archives

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MARTYROLOGY: GUZENDA Charles Sigismund

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