• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • GROMKO Boleslaus, source: www.orator.salezjanie.kielce.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROMKO Boleslaus
    source: www.orator.salezjanie.kielce.pl
    own collection

surname

GROMKO

forename(s)

Boleslaus (pl. Bolesław)

  • GROMKO Boleslaus - Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus basilica, Warsaw, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROMKO Boleslaus
    Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus basilica, Warsaw
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • GROMKO Boleslaus - Cenotaph, Salesians grave, parish cemetery, Oświęcim, source: polski-cmentarz.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROMKO Boleslaus
    Cenotaph, Salesians grave, parish cemetery, Oświęcim
    source: polski-cmentarz.com
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of St Francis de Sales (Salesian Society, - SDB)more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

st Jack Cracow Inspectorate SDB
Kielce diocesemore on
www.diecezja.kielce.pl
[access: 2012.12.28]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

29.12.1941

Hamburgtoday: Hamburg state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]

alt. dates and places of death

KL Neuengammeconcentration camp
today: Hamburg, Hamburg state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, prob. collaborated with clandestine underground Polish organizations, Armed Struggle Union ZWZ and clandestine scouting movement (part of Polish Clandestine State) in particular.

On 10.02.1941 was among the arrested members of the ZWZ — together with four other priests, including his parish priest, Fr Vladislaus Michałowicz.

Held and interrogated in Kielce in Zamkowa Str. prison.

On 05.04.1941, transported to the German concentration camp KL Auschwitz.

From there prob. on 24.04.1941 moved to KL Neuengamme concentration camp.

There tortured and finally drowned in Northern See with a group of prisoners.

Of the 4 other priests arrested along with him, 3 were murdered by the Germans — Fr Francis Mazurek, Fr Adalbert Michałowicz and Fr Joseph Pawłowski.

alt. details of death

According to other sources executed — shot.

cause of death

drowning

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

25.04.1908

Grodziszczanytoday: Dąbrowa Białostocka gm., Sokółka pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

religious vows

23.09.1928 (temporary)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

29.05.1938 (Krakówtoday: Kraków city pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
)

positions held

friar in Kielce monastery (1938‑41) — prefect at Silesians' oratory, minister at Holy Cross parish in Kielce (1938‑41), f. friar at Kraków–Dębniki monastery, f. theology student in Kraków (till 1938), f. friar at monasteries in Ostrzeszów and Oświęcim — practical training, novitiate in Czerwińsk monastery 1927‑8

others related in death

MICHAŁOWICZClick to display biography Adalbert, MAZUREKClick to display biography Francis, PAWŁOWSKIClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Neuengamme (prisoner no: 39124): German concentration camp, initially fillial to KL Sachsenhausen, later independent. Prisoners were used as slaves in various munitions factories. On 18.04.1945 Germans started evacuation and forced prisoners into so‑called „Death Marchers”. Some were locked in a few ships in Hamburg port. The port was bombed by Allies and most of the prisoners perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 13172Click to display biography): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Kielce: The prison at Zamkowa Str. in Kielce was opened in 1826‑8. In 09.1939, after start of German occupation, under German control. Initially a POW camp and next prison run by German political police Gestapo. Till 1945 more then c. 16,000 prisoners were held there. Any time c. 2,000 were incarcerated, in space build for c. 400 people. Prisoners, in extremely cramped conditions, were starved, ill–treated and murdered in prison, executed outside, transported to German concentration camps or deported to slave labour sites. Prison chapel Germans used as torture chamber. At the same time in 08.1941 (after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, do till the autumn of 1944 in Fijałkowski’s barracks in Kielce Bukówka district Germans set up a POW camp for Russian prisoners (branch of Stalag XII C „Kamienna” in Skarżysko–Kamienna, later of Stalag 367 Częstochowa). According to one of the witnesses first 100 POWs were brought in 09.1941. A week later 4,500 more arrived and within a fortnight another 5,000. Following that the POWs were brought in groups of 500‑1,000. Altogether c. 15,000‑20,000 Russian POWs were held in the camp. POWs slaved at forest clearances, digging sewage ditches, at train loading. They got a hunger rations (as a result acts of cannibalism took place). Slept in unheated barracks. Were beaten and tortured (with wooden battons). Received to medical help. For any type of transgression they were penalized with execution. The camp was managed by the Germans and was supported by a camp’s militia, composed mainly by the Ukrainians. Only few hundred prisoners survived who in the autumn of 1944 were transferred to other camps. From 1945 in Russian Commie–Nazi hands. Till 1956 many political prisoners, e.g. members of former restistance Home Army AK and National Armed Forces NSZ (part of Polish Clandestine State) where held camptive there. On 04‑05.1945 Polish partisans commanded by Mjr Anthony Heda attacked the prison and release c. 700 prisoners. (more on: www.chroniclesofterror.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.02.08]
)

09—10.021941 arrests (Kielce): On 09–10.021941, the German political police Gestapo arrested in Kielce — as a result of denunciation by two young women, Gestapo informants — c. 98 Poles suspected of cooperation with the Polish resistance organization Armed Struggle Union ZWZ (part of the emerging Polish Clandestine State), including helping Jews (ghetto in Kielce was established later, in 04.1941). All were imprisoned at Zamkowa Str. prison in Kielce. They were subjected to brutal interrogations (women were especially brutally treated), during which the Germans murdered 3 people. The rest were brought before the German genocidal Germ. Standgericht (Eng. Summary court). On 18.02.1941, the Germans executed 6 people, on 20.02.1941, murdered another 12. On 05.04.1941, 49 men were transported to the KL Auschwitz German concentration camp (some of them were later murdered in the camps on the basis of the „sentences” of the same Germ. Standgericht), 3 women were transported to the KL Ravensbrück concentration camp. Among those arrested on 10.02.1941 there were five Catholic priests, four of whom never returned home — were murdered by the Germans. (more on: ompio.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.05.29]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
bws.sdb.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
,
original images:
www.orator.salezjanie.kielce.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.05.09]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
, polski-cmentarz.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]

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