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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol), source: docplayer.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol)
    source: docplayer.pl
    own collection

surname

GAŁUCHA

forename(s)

Anthony Stanislav (pl. Antoni Stanisław)

religious forename(s)

Anatol

  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol) - Commemorative plaque, franciscan monastery, Skarżysko-Kamienna, source: www.skarzysko24.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol)
    Commemorative plaque, franciscan monastery, Skarżysko-Kamienna
    source: www.skarzysko24.pl
    own collection
  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol) - Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str., source: www.sowiniec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislav (Fr Anatol)
    Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str.
    source: www.sowiniec.com.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Friars Minor Conventual OFMConvmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Conventual Franciscans)

diocese / province

Immaculate Mary province OFMConvmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.08.18]

st Anthony of Padua and bl. James Strzemię province OFMConvmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.08.18]

date and place
of death

14.02.1940

Bór foresttoday: Bór district in Skarżysko‑Kamienna, Skarżysko‑Kamienna urban gm., Skarżysko‑Kamienna pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested for the first time by the Germans on 14.09.1939 in Gdynia.

Released after few days.

Prob. escaped next from Pomerania to German–run General Governorate.

From 14.11.1939 in Skarżysko Kamienna monastery.

There arrested by the Germans again on 30.01.1940 — together with 3 co–fathers, including monastery's guardian, Fr Ignatius John Filip, and 3 friars arrested a few days later — for co‑operation with the local clandestine resistance „White Eagle” organization (later incorporated into Armed Struggle Union ZWZ clandestine army, part of Polish Clandestine State) — in Skarżysko–Kamienna monastery weaponry was hidden and clandestine meetings were held.

Held prob. in German Gendarmerie jail in Skarżysko–Kamienna, a next in public school building in Place district of this town.

On 11.02.1940 (according to other sources on 05.02.1940) sentenced by the German summary Standgericht kangaroo court to death.

Taken to an execution site and murdered with his co‑brothers.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

29.04.1911

Mietniówtoday: Wieliczka gm., Wieliczka pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

alt. dates and places
of birth

Wieliczkatoday: Wieliczka gm., Wieliczka pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]

religious vows

15.09.1928 (temporary)
01.06.1934 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

05.06.1937 (Krakówtoday: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
)

positions held

1939 – 1940

friar — Skarżysko—Kamiennatoday: Skarżysko‑Kamienna urban gm., Skarżysko‑Kamienna pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Conventual Franciscans OFMConv — monastery treasury officer / procurator

1938 – 1939

friar — Gdyniatoday: Gdynia city pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ St Anthony of Padua monastery („on the Foch Hill”, at 40 Ujejskiego Str.), Conventual Franciscans OFMConv — monastery treasury officer / procurator and prefect of the local primary school

1937 – 1938

friar — Niepokalanówtoday: part of Paprotnia village, Teresin gm., Sochaczew pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Conventual Franciscans OFMConv — typesetter, proofreader, retreat specialist, from 1938 deputy editor–in–chief of „Little Daily” monthly

1937

friar — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Conventual Franciscans OFMConv

1932 – 1937

student — Krakówtoday: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ Philosophical and Theological Studies, St Francis of Assisi monastery, Conventual Franciscans OFMConv

1928 – 1932

friar — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Conventual Franciscans OFMConv — student of the Minor Theological Seminary (gymnasium)

14.09.1927 – 15.09.1928

novitiate — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Conventual Franciscans OFMConv

others related
in death

FILIPClick to display biography Ignatius John (Fr Theodore), GAŁEKClick to display biography Joseph (Bro. Casimir Mary), GRODZKIClick to display biography Andrew (Bro. Hugolinus Mary), NEUGEBAUERClick to display biography Felix (Bro. Luke Mary), STAWARZClick to display biography Sigismund (Bro. John the Baptist), ŚMIGIELClick to display biography Joseph (Fr Louis)

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Bór forest: In Bór forest near Skarżysko‑Kamienna on 12‑14.02.1940 Germans — officers of the genocidal organization „Die Schutzstaffel der NSDAP” (Eng. „NSDAP protection unit”), i.e. the «SS», and the German police — murdered, after bloody interrogations and torture (those imprisoned were beaten and tortured, e.g. knees were squeezed with a vice, burned with candles, etc.), c. 360 Poles. Arrests started on 29.01.1940 — crushing of Polish resistance Clandestine Military Organization „The White Eagle Association” was cited as a pretext. The real aim was however extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Skarżysko‑Kamienna and its vicinity. The victims were sentenced to death by the genocidal Germ. Standgericht (Eng. summary court) — the trial lasted a few minutes. The convicts were transported in groups of 5‑10 people in trucks to the execution site in a nearby forest (the journey took about 10 minutes), where they were shot over previously dug pits. The executions lasted from dawn to dusk, for a total of three days. Among the murdered were seven monks, Conventual Franciscans OFMConv. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Ribbentrop‑Molotov Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so‑called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply Germ. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.bj.uj.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, work.brp.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, www.myheritage.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.02.15]
, tsk24.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]

bibliographical:
Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑1945”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
original images:
docplayer.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.02.15]
, www.skarzysko24.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
, www.sowiniec.com.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.07.11]

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